Controls for RDM are provided in EU and domestic legislation.
1. The current controls on the sale of raw cows' drinking milk in hygiene regulations are:
a) the milk may only be sold direct to consumers by registered milk production holdings (at the farm gate or in a farmhouse catering operation), at farmers’ markets (by the farmer) or by a distributor from a vehicle used as a shop premises (i.e. milk rounds). Sales through other outlets have been banned since 1985.
b) the supplying animals must be from animals that are healthy, and a herd that is brucellosis and tuberculosis free.
c) the production holding, milking premises and dairy, must comply with hygiene rules.
d) the milk must bear the appropriate health warning.
e) compliance with the food safety and hygiene requirements is monitored through twice-yearly inspections.
f) the milk is sampled and tested quarterly by Dairy Hygiene Inspectors to monitor compliance with microbiological standards.
2. The sale of raw drinking milk from sheep, goats or buffaloes:
a) is not subject to the restrictions at 1a) above.
b) RDM from buffaloes has to comply with the herd status requirement at 1b) above.
c) RDM from sheep and goats must come from animals that are healthy and belonging to a production holding that is brucellosis free.
d) RDM must comply with dairy hygiene rules and microbiological standards;
e) In England, raw drinking milk from sheep and goats, but not buffaloes, has to carry the health warning. In Wales, raw milk from all three species has to carry the appropriate health warning.
f) compliance with these requirements is monitored at inspections programmed on a risk basis.
3. The sale of raw cream:
a) is not subject to the restrictions at 1a) and d) above;
b) must comply with all the requirements that apply to milk products under dairy hygiene rules and microbiological standards;
c) must be made with milk meeting the herd status criteria described in paragraphs 1b) and 2b) and c) above;
d) raw cream is not required to carry the health warning but the words ‘made with raw milk’ must be displayed on the product.
e) compliance with these requirements is monitored through risk-based inspections.