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Urban Design Compendium


Successful development depends on good access and connections. This applies to all scales and types of development. For example redevelopment sites will have existing points of access, but they may not be of the right kind or in the right place.

A contextual analysis should be undertaken to establish the principles of the movement framework. This should look at:

  • how routes from the new site will knit with the existing infrastructure
  • The provision made for all forms of movement, especially walking, cycling and public transport
  • how the new development can benefit the area as a whole, by improving existing routes or infrastructure
  • how movement will be provided for at all stages in the development.

Understand existing access and linkages

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Minimising barriers to pedestrian movement helps create a walking-friendly environment (Amiens, France)

To integrate the site with its surroundings a movement analysis must be made of existing points of access and linkage for both movement and infrastructure.

Observe the quality of movement

The movement analysis should also consider how different influences on the way people move through an area can be added to and improved. These factors include:

  • Ease of route
  • Variety and interest
  • Light and shade
  • Commercial activity
  • Landscape
  • Noise
  • Pollution


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