Health Impact of Physical Inactivity

The Network of Public Health Observatories is now part of Public Health England.

This page contains historical information.

Update 4 June 2013: Following quality assurance checks the Unitary and Local Authorities tool has been updated. Data for coronary heart disease has changed. If you have recently viewed the tool, you may need to clear temporary Internet files by pressing Ctrl F5 on your keyboard. We apologise for any inconvenience.

Welcome to the Health Impact of Physical Inactivity (HIPI) – a tool for Joint Strategic Needs Assessment

Regular physical activity has substantial health benefits, yet only a minority (approximately 21%) of the population in England achieve the minimum levels as recommended by the four home countries’ Chief Medical Officers, in their Start Active, Stay Active report

HIPI has been developed to estimate how many cases of certain diseases could be prevented in each local authority in England, if the population aged 40-79 were to engage in recommended amounts of physical activity.

This first release (March 2013) includes the following health impacts:

  • preventable cases of diabetes (only shown for Counties and Unitary Authorities)
  • preventable emergency admissions to hospital with a coronary heart disease
  • preventable new cases of breast and colon cancer
  • total number of preventable deaths (all causes).

Users can select geographical areas from a map or list. The data is also provided in a downloadable excel spreadsheet.

HIPI uses estimates of local levels of physical activity from the Sport England Active People survey. It models the potential benefit from increased levels of physical activity for each local authority. This is pre-calculated to show the health impacts if 100%, 75%, 50% or 25% of the local population undertake the UK Chief Medical Officers’ recommended levels of physical activity. Other assumptions and sources of data are described in the technical document.

Counties and Unitary Authorities
(includes diabetes data)
Unitary and Local Authorities
(does not include diabetes data)
Download HIPI data as Microsoft Excel spreadsheet

Note: You will require Adobe’s Flash plug-in for your browser to see these maps. To install this, please visit the Adobe website.

HIPI has been developed by a working group including the South West Public Health Observatory, Sustrans, National Obesity Observatory, Bristol City Council and South West Public Health Training Scheme.

We are keen to get feedback on the tool, please send comments to:

Validates against XHTML 1.0  Cascading Style Sheet compliance  Single A Accessibility compliance