Surveillance schemes


National censuses of breeding seabirds

Three complete censuses of seabirds at their breeding colonies in Britain and Ireland have been carried out: Operation Seafarer; the Seabird Colony Register (SCR) Census; and Seabird 2000.


Seabird Monitoring Programme

The Seabird Monitoring Programme (SMP) is an annual monitoring programme, established in 1986, of 26 species of seabird , at a sample of breeding colonies throughout the UK and Ireland.



JNCC’s Seabirds At Sea Team (SAST) has carried out surveys of inshore waters since the winter of  2000/01, primarily using aerial surveys.  The aim of these surveys is to collect up-to-date, detailed data on the numbers and distribution of wintering aggregations of seaduck, divers and grebes.

Seabirds at Sea

The JNCC Seabirds At Sea Team (SAST) has carried out a programme of surveys and research on seabirds in the marine environment in the north-east Atlantic since 1979, and in the south-west Atlantic between 1998 and 2002.