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Geography is key to virtually all National Statistics. It provides the structure for collecting, processing, storing and aggregating the data. The framework provided by geography is often the only factor different datasets have in common.

There are many different geographic unit types (administrative, health, electoral, postcode etc) and their boundaries frequently do not align. A range of geographies is liable to frequent revisions. A Beginner's Guide to UK Geography provides up-to-date information and explanations of all the main geographies used in UK statistical production. There are boundaries, lookups, postcode products and other products available to download free of charge from the 'Open Geography portal'.

The UK's inconsistent geography has made it extremely challenging to produce and compare meaningful statistics over time. However, there are various initiatives, policies and products which are designed to address this issue. These resources promote a harmonised, cross-departmental approach to the geographic aspect of statistics.

  • About ONS Geography

    An introduction to the services and data that ONS Geography supply

  • A Beginner's Guide to UK Geography

    The Beginner's Guide to UK Geography is a simple tour of the main territorial units used in National Statistics work.

  • Geography Bulletins

    ONS geography bulletins are released to publicise important geographic developments

  • Geography policy

    ONS Geography policy provides a framework to enable the production of accurate and consistent statistics.

  • Geography products

    A range of products that support the use of geography in the statistical process.

  • FAQ

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