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Regional Profiles: Key Statistics - East of England, August 2012

Released: 13 August 2012 Download PDF

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Population density: by local or unitary authority, 2010

Map showing range of population density in local or unitary authority areas within the East of England region
Source: Office for National Statistics


  1. Mid-year population estimates published on 30 June 2011

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The East of England is the second largest English region by area at around 19,100 square kilometres (sq km), smaller than only the South West. It is larger than Northern Ireland but smaller than Scotland and Wales. The region covers 9 per cent of the total area of the UK.

Population density in the East of England in mid-2010 was 305 people per sq km, below the England average of 401 but above the UK average of 257.

It has a diverse urban and rural make-up with many scattered urban, town and fringe areas, and a predominantly rural area in northern Norfolk. The population density ranges from 100 people per sq km in Breckland, Norfolk to 4,014 in Watford in mid-2010.

The total police recorded crime rate in 2011/12 was 60 per 1,000 population compared with the England average of 71 per 1,000. The household crime rate was one of the lowest at 214 household offences per 1,000 households compared with 244 for England as a whole.

The region had a population of 5.8 million in mid-2010, an increase of 8.0 per cent since 2001, compared with an overall increase of 5.3 per cent for the UK over the same period.

In the East of England there was a 4.5 per cent increase of traffic on major roads between 2001 and 2011.

The region contributed 9 per cent of the UK’s GVA in 2010.

Gross disposable household income (GDHI) of residents in the East of England, at £16,400 per head in 2010, was the third highest of the English regions and countries of the UK.

The employment rate in the East of England stood at 74.9 per cent in the first quarter of 2012, higher than the UK rate of 70.5 per cent.

In April 2011, the median gross weekly earnings for full-time employees on adult rates who were resident in the region was £529, higher than the UK median of £501.

A lower proportion of children in the region (12.2 per cent) lived in workless households in the fourth quarter of 2011 than the England average of 15.7 per cent.

There was a 0.8 per cent decrease in house prices in the region in 2011.

Life expectancy at birth in the East of England in the three-year period 2008 to 2010 was 79.6 years for males and 83.2 years for females, higher than the UK average (78.2 and 82.3 years respectively).

In the East of England, 59.1 per cent of pupils achieved five or more grades A*–C at GCSE level or equivalent including English and mathematics in 2010/11, compared with 58.4 per cent for England as a whole. There is an interactive map of GCSE results for unitary authorities in England.

Source: Office for National Statistics

Background notes

  1. Notes and sources:

    All data are published by the Office for National Statistics (ONS) unless stated below.

    The data section of this release provides more data.

    Population estimates and population density are for 30 June each year. The mid-2010 population estimates are those published on 30 June 2011.

    The Crime Survey for England and Wales (CSEW) provides a measure of people’s experience of crime based on responses to a survey of households and does not cover all types of crime, for example fraud or forgery or crimes against commercial property. Recorded crime covers offences reported to and recorded by the police.

    Major roads are motorways and A roads. Traffic increase data are from the Department for Transport.

    Gross value added (GVA) measures the economic output of an area. The estimates are workplace based, which allocates the incomes of individuals to their place of work.

    Gross disposable household income (GDHI) is a good indicator of the welfare of residents of an area. It covers the income received by households and non profit-making institutions serving households and is net of tax payments.

    Employment rates are seasonally adjusted Labour Force Survey (LFS) headline indicators, for all people aged 16 to 64.

    Median gross weekly earnings are residence-based estimates from the Annual Survey of Hours and Earnings (ASHE) for full-time employees on adult rates whose pay for the survey pay-period was not affected by absence.

    Workless households for areas across the UK provides more information about the employment of household and the adults and children living in them.

    The House Price Index is based on mix-adjusted house prices, which allow for differences between houses sold (for example type, number of rooms, location). The annual rate of change shown is percentage change between December 2010 and December 2011.

    Life expectancy figures reflect mortality among those living in the area in each time period, rather than mortality among those born in each area. More information is available in Guide to: Life expectancy in the United Kingdom.

    GCSE figures relate to pupils at the end of Key Stage 4 in Local Authority maintained schools only and are taken from revised (but not final) data published on 26 January 2012. GCSE data are from the Department for Education.

  2. You may use or re-use this information (not including logos) free of charge in any format or medium, under the terms of the Open Government Licence. To view this licence, visit or write to the Information Policy Team, The National Archives, Kew, London TW9 4DU, or email:

  3. Details of the policy governing the release of new data are available by visiting or from the Media Relations Office email:

Further information

Regional Profiles - Population and Migration - East of England, October 2011 - Key facts and figures about population and migration statistics for the East of England.
Regional Profiles - Social Indicators - East of England - February 2012 - A range of social statistics for the East of England region providing key facts and figures about people, lives, income and lifestyles in the area
Regional Profiles: Economy - East of England, May 2012 - Key facts and figures about the economy, employment and unemployment for the East of England region.
Regional Trends, No. 41, 2009 Edition - Portrait of the East of England (Pdf 1348Kb) - The Portrait of the East of England presents a wide range of information covering infrastructure, demographic, environmental and economic statistics for the region. It includes information for districts, unitary and local authorities which allows comparison between the various areas and the rest of the UK.

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