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Statistical bulletin: Business Investment, Q4 2014 Provisional Results This product is designated as National Statistics

Released: 26 February 2015 Download PDF

Key points

  • The estimates in this release are short-term indicators of investment in assets, such as dwellings, transport equipment, machinery, buildings and intangible assets. This release covers not only business investment, but asset breakdowns of total gross fixed capital formation (GFCF), of which business investment is one component.
  • All estimates in this bulletin are seasonally adjusted chained volume measures. The earliest period being revised in this release is Q1 2014.
  • In Q4 2014, GFCF was estimated to have decreased by £0.4 billion (0.5%) to £72.6 billion compared with Q3 2014. This was the first decrease for GFCF since Q3 2012.
  • In Q4 2014, business investment decreased by an estimated £0.6 billion (1.4%) compared with the previous quarter.
  • The largest quarter on quarter decrease in Q4 2014 by asset was in other buildings and structures and transfer costs, which decreased by an estimated £0.7 billion (3.1%). Falling investment by the oil and gas extraction industry is a large component of this decrease.
  • In Q4 2014, GFCF was estimated to have increased by 3.7% compared with Q4 2013.
  • In Q4 2014, business investment increased by 2.1% compared with Q4 2013. This was the nineteenth consecutive quarter of quarterly growth compared with the same quarter of the previous year.
  • In 2014, GFCF increased by 6.8% from 2013, which is the largest annual growth since 1998 (6.8%). Business investment also grew by 6.8%, the largest annual growth since 2007 (8.1%).

About this release

The estimates in this release are short-term indicators of investment in assets in the UK, such as dwellings, transport equipment, machinery, buildings and intellectual property products. This release covers not only business investment, but asset and sector breakdowns of total gross fixed capital formation (GFCF), of which business investment is one component.

Business investment is net investment by the private sector and public corporations, in transport equipment, information, technology and communications (ICT) equipment, other machinery and equipment, cultivated assets, intellectual property products (IPP, which includes investment in software, research and development, artistic originals and mineral exploration), and buildings and other structures. It does not include investment by central or local government, investment in dwellings or the costs associated with the transfer of non-produced assets (such as land). A full sector and asset hierarchy can be found in the background notes. It should be noted that business investment is not an international concept and therefore it should not be used to make international comparisons.  

All investment data referred to in this bulletin are estimates of seasonally adjusted chained volume measures.

Upcoming changes to the Quarterly Survey of Capital Expenditure and other methodological information

Changes to the Quarterly Survey of Capital Expenditure

The Office for National Statistics (ONS) will be implementing changes to the Quarterly Survey of Capital Expenditure (Capex) from Q1 2015. These include changes which are legally required under the European System of Accounts 2010 (ESA 2010) and improvements to the questionnaire design. The changes which will be implemented in the compilation of estimates of GFCF and its components from Q1 2015 include:

  • removal of the lower limit of £500 in reporting GFCF

  • the inclusion of small tools used in production within the definition of GFCF

  • improvements to the questionnaire design through question testing with respondents

  • a change of name, from Capex, to the Quarterly Acquisitions and Disposals of Capital Assets Survey (QCAS), which states the purpose of the survey more clearly, in line with good practice

The exact impact of these changes will not be known until the data are collected. The impact will be monitored, and further information will be available in the Business Investment, Q1 2015 Provisional Results release in May 2015.

The changes to the questionnaire also include some new questions. Data from these new questions will not be included in estimates of GFCF and its components until 2017, when two years of data are available for quality assurance. For more detail on these changes, please see the article Changes to the Annual Business Survey, the Quarterly Survey of Capital Expenditure and the Survey into Business Spending on Capital Items, in 2015 (114.3 Kb Pdf) .

Estimates in this release have been compiled under ESA 2010, in compliance with the UK’s legal obligations in producing the National Accounts. Articles are available describing the methodology used to estimate GFCF and the impact of the changes implemented for ESA 2010 in September 2014.

Investment – impact analysis of changes to the estimation of gross fixed capital formation and business investment for Blue Book 2014 30 Sep 2014

Changes to the Annual Business Survey, the Quarterly Survey of Capital Expenditure and the Survey into Business Spending on Capital Items, in 2015 (114.3 Kb Pdf) 22 Aug 2014

Gross Fixed Capital Formation and Business Investment – Impact of ESA10 Changes on Volume Measures (195.6 Kb Pdf) 30 Jun 2014

Impact of ESA 2010 and BPM6 changes on Chained Volume Estimates of GDP, Sector and Financial Accounts and Balance of Payments 30 Jun 2014

How Construction Price Indices are Used in Construction Statistics and Gross Fixed Capital Formation (80.7 Kb Pdf) 19 Jun 2014

Construction price indices: improvements 19 Jun 2014

Measuring and capitalising research & development in the UK National Accounts (349.1 Kb Pdf) 10 Jun 2014

Implementation framework for Research and Development in the United Kingdom National Accounts (206.7 Kb Pdf) 10 Jun 2014

Impact of ESA10 changes on current price GDP estimates 10 Jun 2014

Transition to ESA 2010: capitalising government spending on military weapons (179 Kb Pdf) 10 Jun 2014

Gross Fixed Capital Formation (Investment) - Changes for Blue Book 2014 (excluding ESA10) (157.8 Kb Pdf) 29 May 2014

Impact of ESA95 changes on current price GDP estimates 29 May 2014

Revised methodology and sources as a result of addressing Gross National Income reservations 29 May 2014

Adjustments, revisions and response rates

Adjustments

The largest component of the data collected to produce estimates of GFCF and business investment comes from ONS's Quarterly Survey of Capital Expenditure (Capex), which has a sample size of 27,500. Large capital expenditure tends to be reported later in the data collection period than smaller expenditure. This means that larger expenditures are often included in the revised (month 3) results, but are not reported in time for the provisional (month 2) results, leading to a tendency towards upwards revisions in the later estimates for business investment and GFCF. Following investigation of the impact of this effect, from Q3 2013, ONS introduced a bias adjustment to Capex and hence to GFCF and its components, in the provisional estimates.

In this release, the bias adjustment is £850 million. This has been increased from £500 million in previous provisional releases. The increase follows further analysis of the late-reporting bias in the preceding 15 quarters. This analysis showed that, between Q1 2011 and Q3 2014, the mean revision to Capex estimates between the provisional and revised releases was £877 million, with a range between £16 million and £1,417 million over that time period. Users should note that the bias adjustment is a best estimate and the Capex estimate may still be revised either up or down.  Therefore, GFCF and business investment could also be revised either up or down in the Q4 2014 revised release. The bias adjustment is intended to reduce the average size of revisions over time.

Forecast data

Not all data required for the compilation of GFCF and its components are available for the latest period at the time of publication. For these components, the latest period is forecast. In this release this includes government investment, investment in new dwellings and improvements to dwellings, investment in research and development and investment in artistic originals.

Revisions

The periods revised in this release are Q1 to Q3 2014.

There are three key reasons for the revisions to GFCF and its components in 2014:

  • revisions to survey data, including Capex and public corporations

  • revisions to government investment estimates, with provisional estimates replaced with revised data – this has lead to a downwards revision to Q2 2014 and an upwards revision to Q3 2014 (current prices, not seasonally adjusted)

  • the impact on seasonal adjustment of adding the final quarter of the year – when the final quarter is added, the seasonally adjusted annual sum of the quarters is benchmarked to equal the not seasonally adjusted annual total; this is the reason for larger revisions in the seasonally adjusted estimates than in the estimates which are not seasonally adjusted

Survey response rates

Table 1 presents the provisional (month 2) response rates for the Quarterly Survey of Capital Expenditure. The estimates in this release are based on the Q4 2014 month 2 (provisional) survey results.

Table 1: Response rates

At month two (Provisional) At month three (Revised)
Period Overall response rates (per cent) Questionnaires Period Overall response rates (per cent) Questionnaires
2013 Q4 80.0   2013 Q4 91.9
             
2014 Q1 76.2   2014 Q1 90.7
  Q2 79.5     Q2 91.3
  Q3 78.7     Q3 88.3
  Q4 80.1        
 

Table source: Office for National Statistics

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Economic background

Business investment was £631 million (1.4%) lower in Q4 2014 than in the previous quarter. The quarter on quarter fall in business investment is the second successive quarterly fall, but only the fourth quarterly fall since the start of 2010. GFCF also decreased, by £390 million (0.5%), compared with the previous quarter. This is the first quarter on quarter fall since Q3 2012.

In terms of quarterly estimates, compared with the same quarter of the previous year, business investment has grown for the last 19 quarters (from Q2 2010). In Q4 2014, it was 2.1% higher than the same period in 2013. In Q4 2014, business investment was estimated to be £2.2 billion higher than the pre-downturn peak, Q2 2008. GFCF also grew compared with Q4 2013, by 3.7%.

In 2014, both GFCF and business investment grew by 6.8% compared with 2013, the highest annual growth in business investment since 2007 and the highest since 1998 for GFCF. As reported in the Bank of England's February 2015 Inflation Report, the improvement in business investment is likely to be a result of increased demand and more favourable credit conditions.

Investment in ICT equipment and other machinery, intellectual property products and dwellings partially offset the fall in the most recent quarter. The growth in investment in ICT equipment and other machinery in Q4 2014 is also reflected in the Confederation of British Industry’s Service Sector Survey where companies reported that they were investing to increase efficiency and upgrade equipment.

Why has there been a fall in business investment in Q4 2014?

Business investment fell by £631 million (1.4%) between Q3 2014 and Q4 2014. The assets contributing to this fall are buildings and other structures, and transport equipment, which decreased by £686 million and £238 million, respectively. This decrease is somewhat offset by increases in net investment in the other assets.

The fall in investment in new buildings and other structures and major repairs to these is consistent with the fall in construction output in Q4 2014 reported in Output in the Construction Industry, December and Q4 2014. The GFCF asset buildings and other structures includes structures such as oil platforms. Given the recent steep fall in oil prices, it might be expected that investment by the oil extraction industry might also fall, as oil production becomes less profitable. Figures 1a and 1b show that this has been the case in Q4 2014.

Figure 1a shows the Capex (benched to the Annual Business Survey, ABS) survey estimates for net investment in buildings and other structures by the oil and gas extraction industry, in current prices, not seasonally adjusted. There is a steep fall, of £458 million (22.4%), between Q3 and Q4 2014. Figure 1b shows the Cushing, OK West Texas Intermediate Spot Price Free On Board in dollars per barrel, and a steep fall in the price of oil can also be seen in the last quarter of 2014.

Figure 1a: Capital expenditure benched to Annual Business Survey estimates of net investment in buildings and other structures by the oil and gas industry

Current prices, not seasonally adjusted

Figure 1a: Capital expenditure benched to Annual Business Survey estimates of net investment in buildings and other structures by the oil and gas industry
Source: Quarterly Survey of Capital Expenditure - Office for National Statistics

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Figure 1b: West Texas intermediate spot oil prices

Price index, not seasonally adjusted

Figure 1b: West Texas intermediate spot oil prices
Source: Quarterly Survey of Capital Expenditure - Office for National Statistics

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The fall in investment in transport equipment may be related to the implementation of EU legislation on emissions for light passenger and commercial vehicles in September 2014. However, as the contribution of investment in light passenger and commercial vehicles cannot be disentangled from investment in all transport equipment, this cannot be confirmed.

Gross fixed capital formation and business investment

Figure 2: Annual gross fixed capital formation chained volume measures

Reference year: 2011 Coverage: United Kingdom

Figure 2: Annual gross fixed capital formation chained volume measures
Source: Quarterly Survey of Capital Expenditure - Office for National Statistics

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Figure 3a: Quarterly gross fixed capital formation chained volume measures from Q1 1997

Reference year: 2011 Seasonal adjustment: seasonally adjusted Coverage: United Kingdom

Figure 3a: Quarterly gross fixed capital formation chained volume measures from Q1 1997
Source: Quarterly Survey of Capital Expenditure - Office for National Statistics

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Figure 3b: Quarterly gross fixed capital formation chained volume measures from Q1 2007

Reference year: 2011 Seasonal adjustment: seasonally adjusted Coverage: United Kingdom

Figure 3b: Quarterly gross fixed capital formation chained volume measures from Q1 2007
Source: Quarterly Survey of Capital Expenditure - Office for National Statistics

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Figure 4: Annual business investment chained volume measures

Reference year: 2011 Coverage: United Kingdom

Figure 4: Annual business investment chained volume measures
Source: Quarterly Survey of Capital Expenditure - Office for National Statistics

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Figure 5a: Quarterly business investment chained volume measures from Q1 1997

Reference year: 2011 Seasonal adjustment: seasonally adjusted Coverage: United Kingdom

Figure 5a: Quarterly business investment chained volume measures from Q1 1997
Source: Quarterly Survey of Capital Expenditure - Office for National Statistics

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Figure 5a shows a large spike in business investment in Q2 2005. This is due to the transfer of British Nuclear Fuels Ltd (BNFL). In April 2005, nuclear reactors were transferred from BNFL to the Nuclear Decommissioning Authority (NDA). BNFL is classified as a public corporation in National Accounts, while the NDA is a central government body. The business investment series includes investment by public corporations but not government spending, with the positive spike therefore reflecting the £15.6 billion transfer. More information on the transfer of BNFL can be found in the background notes under section ‘3. Further information on methodology’.

Figure 5b: Quarterly business investment chained volume measures from Q1 2007

Reference year: 2011 Seasonal adjustment: seasonally adjusted Coverage: United Kingdom

Figure 5b: Quarterly business investment chained volume measures from Q1 2007
Source: Quarterly Survey of Capital Expenditure - Office for National Statistics

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Summary tables

Total GFCF decreased by an estimated £390 million (0.5%) in Q4 2014 compared with the previous quarter, but is still 3.7% higher than Q4 2013. All sectors show positive growth of at least 2.0% compared with Q4 2013. In the latest quarter, Q4 2014, net investment in private sector dwellings saw the biggest increase compared with the previous quarter, rising by an estimated £155 million (1.1%), with net investment in general government increasing by an estimated £97 million (0.9%). This was offset by a decrease in business investment of an estimated £631 million (1.4%) compared with the previous quarter.

Table 2a: Total gross fixed capital formation by sector

Percentage change £ million £ million
  Most recent quarter on previous quarter Most recent quarter on a year earlier Most recent level ** Level change from previous quarter
GFCF -0.5 3.7 72,626 -390
Business investment -1.4 2.1 44,262 -631
General Government 0.9 9.4 10,344 97
Public corporations dwellings -1.7 8.3 826 -14
Public corporations cost of ownership -0.9 4.5 -115 1
transfer on non-produced assets        
Private sector dwellings 1.1 5.0 13,654 155
Private sector cost of ownership 0.1 2.0 3,655 2
transfer on non-produced assets        

Table source: Office for National Statistics

Table notes:

  1. **Series may not sum to totals due to rounding

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Net investment in intellectual property products increased by an estimated £277 million (1.7%) in Q4 2014 compared with the previous quarter. This was offset by a decrease in other buildings and structures and transfer costs of an estimated £686 million (3.1%). The decrease in other buildings and structures and transfer costs was largely caused by a decrease of net investment by the oil and gas extraction industry in Q4 2014.

Table 2b: Total gross fixed capital formation by asset

Percentage change £ million
  Most recent quarter on previous quarter Most recent quarter on a year earlier Most recent level ** Level change from previous quarter
GFCF -0.5 3.7 72,626 -390
Transport equipment -7.1 -8.1 3,125 -238
ICT equipment and other machinery and equipment 0.7 16.9 17,238 118
Dwellings 1.0 5.4 14,525 139
Other buildings and structures and transfer costs  -3.1 -3.2 21,297 -686
Intellectual property products 1.7 2.0 16,441 277

Table source: Office for National Statistics

Table notes:

  1. **Series may not sum to totals due to rounding

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Additional analyses available to download

ONS also publishes additional analyses of GFCF, business investment, and the Quarterly Survey of Capital Expenditure, which have been created in response to ad hoc user requests.  These are available to download free from the ONS website. Below is a list of the most recent ad hoc requests, together with a link to the web pages from which they can be downloaded. Enquiries about ad hoc requests may be made to gcf@ons.gsi.gov.uk.

Note: all datasets below have been updated from Q1 1997 to be consistent with the UK Annual National Accounts (Blue Book) 2014.

Research and Development Price Index for Gross Fixed Capital Formation (33 Kb Excel sheet)

This time series is derived from the Research and Development dataset and is based on actual current price values up to and including 2012, all periods subsequent have been forecast using X-13-ARIMA-SEATS. The base year for this analysis is 2005. This price index (deflator) is calculated using a weighted labour, capital and material prices and excludes a productivity adjustment. Data has been extracted from the Q3 2014 dataset.

Regional Gross Fixed Capital Formation, 2000–2012 (110 Kb Excel sheet)

Regional Gross Fixed Capital Formation, NUTS1 and NUTS. 2000–2012

GFCF Quarterly Weapons analysis (40 Kb Excel sheet)

Quarterly GFCF data relating to spending on weapons systems. Q1 1997 Q1 – Q3 2014

Private sector investment in computer hardware (36.5 Kb Excel sheet)

A time series of investment in computer hardware by the private sector broken down by industry; current price, not seasonally adjusted. Q1 1997 – Q3 2014

Total Business Investment and General Government data excluding British Nuclear Fuels (BNFL) in 2005 Q2 (37.5 Kb Excel sheet)

Gross fixed capital formation estimates for total Business Investment and General Government, excluding British Nuclear Fuels (BNFL) in Q2 2005; current price, chained volume measure, seasonally adjusted, not seasonally adjusted. Q1 1997 – Q3 2014

Quarterly capital expenditure: acquisitions and disposals by industry and major asset type (2.5 Mb Excel sheet)

A time series of estimates from the Quarterly Survey of Capital Expenditure, broken down by industry, asset and acquisitions/disposals; current price, not seasonally adjusted.

Quarterly capital expenditure and survey populations by employment size bands (32.5 Kb Excel sheet)

Estimates from the Quarterly Survey of Capital Expenditure broken down by employment size bands, from Q1 2012. Manufacturing and non-manufacturing, current price, not seasonally adjusted estimates are available. A breakdown of survey populations by employment size bands is also included.

Total Gross Fixed Capital Formation industry split for purchased software, own-account software, mineral exploration and artistic originals (839 Kb Excel sheet)

Gross fixed capital formation estimates for total GFCF industry split for purchased software, own-account software, mineral exploration and artistic originals; current price, not seasonally adjusted. Q1 1997 – Q3 2014

GFCF asset ‘Private sector dwellings’ broken down to its components ‘dwellings new’ and ‘dwellings improvements’ (36 Kb Excel sheet)

Gross fixed capital formation estimates for private sector new dwellings and private sector new dwellings and private sector improvements to dwellings; current price, chained volume measure, seasonally adjusted. Q1 1997 – Q3 2014

GFCF asset New Dwellings (excluding land) and GFCF asset Transfer Costs of Non-Produced Assets for Households and NPISH sector (32 Kb Excel sheet)

Gross Fixed Capital Formation Q3 2014 data for new dwellings (excluding land) and costs associated with the transfer of non-produced assets for the Households and Non-profit Institutions Serving Households sector. The series is in current price not seasonally adjusted format.

Capital Expenditure (CAPEX) investment made by energy industries (35.5 Kb Excel sheet)

Total NET (acquisitions less disposals) investment by SIC for energy industries.

Quarterly capital expenditure estimates, by industry sector and sizeband (131.5 Kb Excel sheet)

Quarterly estimates from the Quarterly Survey of Capital Expenditure: net expenditure (gross fixed capital formation), current prices, not seasonally adjusted. These estimates are the key data source for the Q3 2014 Business Investment release published on 23 December 2014.

Background notes

  1. Understanding the data

    Short guide to business investment

    GFCF is used in the compilation of the UK National Accounts’ expenditure measure of the Second Estimate of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) at month two and the Quarterly National Accounts (QNA) at each calendar quarter. It is an estimate of net capital expenditure by both the public and private sectors. Examples of capital expenditure include spending on machinery and plant, transport equipment, software, new dwellings and other buildings, and major improvements to existing buildings, and structures such as roads. The additional assets research and development and military weapons systems were introduced in the Q2 2014 Revised Results release, consistent with the European System of Accounts 2010, and with the UK Annual National Accounts (Blue Book) 2014, published September 2014.

    Business investment estimates are a short term indicator of net capital expenditure by businesses within the UK, at current prices and constant prices both seasonally and not seasonally adjusted. Business investment is one component of GFCF. Business investment estimates exclude expenditure on dwellings and the costs associated with the transfer of ownership of non-produced assets, and capital expenditure by local and central government.

    Interpreting the data

    When making comparisons it is recommended that users focus on chained volume, seasonally adjusted, estimates as these show underlying movements rather than seasonal movements, and have the effect of changes in prices removed.

    Definitions and explanations

    Current price (CP)
    Current prices are the actual or estimated recorded monetary value over a defined period. They show the value for each item expressed in terms of the prices of that period.

    Deflation and chained volume measure (CVM)
    Investment is measured across several time periods. The values measured will include both the change in the volume of investment and the effect of the change of prices over the period. Deflation is the process whereby the effect of price change is removed from a set of values.

    Deflation can be done simply by dividing a current price estimate by a deflator, which measures the movement in prices. Doing this creates a constant price series. For deflators to accurately measure the movement in prices they need to accurately reflect changing investment habits. We do this by rebasing deflators.

    Rebasing deflators has a significant effect on a constant price series and would cause significant revisions to the investment data. To avoid this it has been the standard to not rebase deflators annually. This, however, means the deflators are not accurately measuring price changes.

    To resolve this we estimate volumes using chained volume measures, which are derived by linking together (compounding) movements in volumes; calculated using the prices of the previous financial year; and applying the movements to the current price estimates of the reference year. This allows us to remove both the effect of prices and rebasing.

    Seasonally adjusted (SA)
    Seasonal adjustment aids interpretation by removing effects associated with the time of the year or the arrangement of the calendar, which could obscure movements of interest.

    Asset and sector hierarchies
    The diagrams show the institutional and sector hierarchies for GFCF, as set out by the European System of Accounts 2010. The asset hierarchy for business investment is also set out. Business investment is not an internationally defined concept, and the UK’s estimates cannot be compared with those of other countries due to definitional differences.

    Click the image to view larger version.

    Click the image to view larger version.

    Click the image to view larger version.

    Use of the data

    Business investment estimates are used by the Office for National Statistics (ONS) in the compilation of the UK National Accounts, and by the Bank of England and Her Majesty’s Treasury to monitor economic performance and inform monetary and fiscal policy decisions. Business investment is also used by other government departments, such as the Department for Business, Innovation and Skills. In addition, these estimates are frequently used by the business, education and research communities, the media and the general public.

  2. Methods

    Details of the business investment methodology are published in the Quality and Methodology Information (128.9 Kb Pdf) . This report describes the intended uses of the estimates presented in this publication, their general quality and the methods used to produce them.

    Composition of the data

    Estimates of GFCF and business investment are produced twice each quarter: an early provisional estimate in month 2 and revised estimates in month 3. The largest component of the estimates is collected via the Quarterly Survey of Capital Expenditure. This survey collects data on the acquisition and disposal of capital assets from the manufacturing, other production, construction, distribution and other services sectors. Other key sources for GFCF include data returned by local and central government and public corporations, data on construction, data on new dwellings and improvements to dwellings, and artistic originals. GFCF by local and central government, investment in new dwellings and the costs associated with the transfer of non-produced assets (primarily costs associated with the transfer of land and existing buildings) are excluded from the business investment estimates, but included in total GFCF. The acquisition and disposal of land and existing buildings, including dwellings, is excluded from both the business investment and GFCF estimates.

    More information about the Quarterly Survey of Capital Expenditure can be found in the ‘Summary Quality Report for Quarterly Capital Expenditure Inquiry’ (287.8 Kb Pdf) .

  3. Further information on methodology

    Further information about the UK National Accounts and the programme of continuous improvement can be found at:

    National Accounts methodology and articles

    Continuous Improvement of Gross Domestic Product: Sources, Methods and Communication

    British Nuclear Fuels Ltd (BNFL)

    In April 2005, nuclear reactors were transferred from British Nuclear Fuels Ltd (BNFL) to the Nuclear Decommissioning Authority (NDA). BNFL is classified as a public corporation in National Accounts and the NDA as a central government body. The capital formation estimates in this release reflect this transfer from the public corporations manufacturing category. The value of the transfer was -£15.6 billion. The negative value reflects the fact that the reactors are at the end of their productive lives and have large decommissioning and clean-up liabilities. This shows up as a prominent trough in Q2 2005 in the general government series, and a complementary peak in Q2 2005 of the business investment series, which includes investment by public corporations (except dwellings and transfer costs). A more detailed explanation about the transfer can be found in the December 2006 Business Investment release (414.3 Kb Pdf) .

    Aircraft imports

    On 1 January 2011, a change was made to the zero-rating of VAT on qualifying aircraft. More information on this can be found on the HMRC website. This may have contributed to the high level of aircraft imports for Q4 2010 and the low level of aircraft imports for Q1 2011.

  4. Other relevant sources of data

    International business investment comparisons are not available on a like for like basis as the compilation of European statistics on business investment differs from the data provided within this release. However, European estimates of business investment provided by Eurostat, the European statistical office can be found on the Eurostat website. Business investment in the United Kingdom accounts for over half of total GFCF.

    The GSS Business Statistics – interactive user guide is an interactive tool to help you find what business and economic statistics are available, and choose the right data for your needs. ONS publishes the following statistical releases, which provide complementary information on UK business and economic performance: 

  5. Feedback

    ONS welcomes your feedback on the business investment release and data. Further enquiries about business investment can be addressed to the business investment team at gcf@ons.gsi.gov.uk, or, to engage in discussion about business investment, and to share information with other users or producers of financial and economic statistics, visit the Financial and Economic Statistics User Group on the Royal Statistical Society’s StatsUserNet discussion forum.

  6. Publication policy

    Details of the policy governing the release of new data are available from the Statistics Authority or from the Media Relations Office email: media.relations@ons.gsi.gov.uk. A list of the names of those given pre-publication access to the contents of this bulletin is also available.

  7. Accessing data

    The business investment statistical bulletin conforms to the standards set out in the UK Statistics Authority Code of Practice.

    Time series used in this bulletin and time series datasets carry unique identifiers for ease of use. More information on these identifiers is available in the article published on 25 August 2011, 'New series identifiers for GDP(O), IoS and IoP and GCF' (35.4 Kb Pdf)

  8. Code of Practice for Official Statistics:

    National Statistics are produced to high professional standards set out in the Code of Practice for Official Statistics. They undergo regular quality assurance reviews to ensure that they meet customer needs. They are produced free from any political interference. © Crown copyright 2015.

  9. Next publication: Tuesday 31 March 2015.

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  10. Details of the policy governing the release of new data are available by visiting www.statisticsauthority.gov.uk/assessment/code-of-practice/index.html or from the Media Relations Office email: media.relations@ons.gsi.gov.uk

Statistical contacts

Name Phone Department Email
Louisa Nolan +44 (0)1633 455250 Office for National Statistics gcf@ons.gsi.gov.uk
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