Natural England - Geodiversity


In simple terms, geodiversity is the variety of rocks, minerals, fossils, soils, landforms and natural processes.

View across the Lake District

Geodiversity underpins the landscape

Rocks, fossils and minerals have been formed over millions of years and represent unique past environments and events. The landforms around us have been produced over hundreds of thousands of years and soils may take several thousand years to form. The information provided by geodiversity helps us to understand how our planet has changed over time and how life evolved.

You can find out more about the geology of your area in England's geology.

Soils form the thin living layer of our geodiversity, linking the underlying geology with the land surface and atmosphere. Soil is a complex and diverse natural resource that is fundamental to life on earth. It reflects the complex relationship between geology, landform, climate and land use.

  • Why is geodiversity important?

    Geodiversity is all around us. It provides the raw materials for building, the fuel we put in our cars and the soils in which our crops grow. It also produces the spectacular landscapes we visit on holiday and the countryside we see every day.