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The effects of flash photography on UK seahorse species (MMO 1005b)

Front cover image of the full reportThis report provides a review of current best-available evidence regarding the potential impact of flash photography on UK seahorse species.

It aimed to establish whether sufficient evidence exists to conclusively determine whether the use of flash photography poses a significant threat to the two UK seahorse species – the short-snouted seahorse (Hippocampus hippocampus) and the spiny or long-snouted seahorse (Hippocampus guttulatus).

This report will help inform MMO's future approach to licensing photographing of seahorses and the necessity of the current precautionary measure to limit flash photography of seahorses.

The report was published on 19 February 2014.

Contact information

Evidence, Data and Knowledge Management Team
Marine Management Organisation
Lancaster House
Hampshire Court
Newcastle upon Tyne

Tel: 0300 123 1032
Fax: 0191 376 2681
Email: evidence@

Further information

We wish to make all commissioned research widely available to increase our common understanding and the use of best available evidence. We will publish further commissioned reports as they are completed. For further information please email evidence@

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