Winterbourne View was a private hospital in Bristol owned by Castlebeck Care Ltd for adults with learning disabilities and autism. It was designed to accommodate 24 patients aged 18 and over, to provide assessment, treatment and rehabilitation. People at Winterbourne View experienced serious and sustained abuse, ill-treatment and neglect. These events represented an extreme failure of the health and care system. Subsequent Care Quality Commission inspections showed that people with learning disabilities or autism who also have mental health conditions or challenging behaviour in specialist hospital or residential care settings continue to be at high risk of poor quality care.
The Department of Health set up a review to establish any systemic issues in the provision of inpatient care for people with learning disabilities and identify necessary action for Government