More than 20 years after the implementation of the Race Relations Act, ethnic minorities still suffer discrimination in the labour market. People from ethnic minorities do not achieve such high job levels as whites and, for some of the main ethnic minority groups, the probability of unemployment is more than double that of whites.

Against this background, the Department for Education and Employment commissioned a study to examine the evidence on the net benefits to companies of race equality actions and to produce case study evidence of the ways in which companies might realise net benefits.

It was based on a literature review, case studies of 12 companies which were striving for race equality and demographic projections of the ethnic composition of the labour force.


  • Background
  • Key findings
  • Aims of the study
  • Methodology
  • The effectiveness of race equality
  • Consideration for national policy makers
  • Further information