The aim of the Neighbourhood Nurseries Initiative (NNI) was to reduce unemployment - and thus tackle child poverty - by offering high quality, affordable childcare in the most disadvantaged areas of the country. By August 2004, 45,000 new places for 0-4 year olds had been created. This research was part of the NNI National Evaluation, and had two main strands.

This study was intended to fill two major gaps in the UK literature. Firstly, the majority of studies exploring the relationship between quality and child outcomes have focused on provision for 3 and 4 year old children. Secondly, although there is a comprehensive body of research which considers the impacts of childcare on children’s intellectual development, much less is known about impacts on behavioural outcomes.

Visits to the sample Neighbourhood Nurseries took place between February 2004 and July 2005. Two observational instruments were used to assess quality in rooms providing for infants and toddlers.


  • Context and aims
  • Methodology
  • Quality of provision
  • Factors related to quality of provision
  • Effects on children’s behavioural development
  • Conclusions