The police have a wide range of powers that they use as part of their work to stop crime and protect law-abiding people.
The powers police use are set out under the Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 (PACE), which was designed to balance the powers of the police with the rights and freedoms of the general public.
You can find out more about previous version of the codes on the archived Home Office website.
On 1 November 2011 a consultation was issued on draft revised codes of practice C, H and G and a new code of practice for the video-recording with sound of interviews in terrorism cases.
Special constable powers
Specials are volunteer police officers, and they, too, have full police powers.
Community support officer powers
Community support officers (CSOs) work alongside police officers. They have fewer powers than police officers and specials. They have the power to issue fixed penalty notices for anti-social behaviour, for example, but not to conduct a stop and search.
Survey of employers involved in community safety accreditation scheme
Under the community safety accreditation scheme (CSAS), individuals already working in positions of public and community safety (such as neighbourhood wardens, hospital security, park wardens, shopping mall guards and train guards) are vetted and receive additional training from their local police force to support the police in tackling low-level crime and disorder.
If appropriate, the police may also decide to accredit individuals with limited powers to assist in responding to the needs of their community. CSAS assists the police in keeping communities safe and is highly localised in order to give an effective response to crime and antisocial behaviour issues.
At December 2010 there were 26 forces participating in the scheme with 2,219 individuals accredited with specific powers. Find out more about participation in the scheme.
Explore this section:
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- Your Rights
- Independent Police Complaints Commission
- National Policing Improvement Agency
- Home Office Police website on the National Archives website
- Firearms licensing guidance on the National Archives website
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