Phase four

Children entering phase four have carried out a range of activities using all the letter sets. They know letter names and can read and spell some of the irregular 'tricky' words. They can represent each of 42 phonemes with a grapheme and blend phonemes to read consonant-vowel-consonant (CVC) words and segment (CVC) words for spelling. They also have some experience in reading simple two-syllable words and captions.

The purpose of this phase is to consolidate children's knowledge of graphemes in reading and spelling words containing adjacent consonants.

By the end of this phase children are typically expected to:

  • know six more of the 100 decodable words
  • be able to represent most of the 42 phonemes by a grapheme
  • read and write sentences using two-syllable words
  • read the 'tricky' words: 'some', 'one', 'said', 'come', 'do', 'so', 'were', 'when', 'have', 'there', 'out', 'like', 'little', 'what'
  • spell the 'tricky' words: 'he', 'she', 'we', 'me', 'be', 'was', 'my', 'you', 'her', 'they', 'all', 'are'

In phase four, children are introduced to blending and segmenting consonant-vowel-consonant-consonant (CVCC) and consonant-consonant-vowel-consonant (CCVC) words for reading and spelling. They also learn to read and spell some polysyllabic words.