Part 1: Revisit, explain, use

You can use these activities to help children re-examine their understanding of suffixes and prefixes and how they can change the meaning of words.

Suffixes

  • Ask the children what a suffix is.
  • Establish that a suffix is placed at the end of a word and changes the status of a word, singular to plural, present to past tense, noun to verb or adjective, verb to noun, comparatives.
  • Encourage the children to use individual whiteboards to give examples of each type of suffix.
  • Emphasise the spelling modifications: y to i, y to ies, dropping the e, doubling the consonant. For example, party and parties, church and churches, hope and hoping, skip and skipping, walk and walked, solid and solidify, run and runner, and bright, brighter, and brightest.

Prefixes

  • Ask the children what a prefix is.
  • Establish that a prefix is a morpheme (smallest unit of meaning) and it is placed in front of a word to change its meaning. Invite examples from the children. For example, un- for unwell, dis- for disabled, mis- for mistake, and anti- for antidote.