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The Warfare Department

The Warfare Department's role is to provide an accurate and timely tactical picture to the Command, manning all the required weapon fits at our disposal with well trained, professional sailors who are trained to the highest possible level, ensuring that we can instinctively and effectively fight the ship through any situation, proving that practice makes perfect. The Warfare Department on HMS Daring will comprise of 6 Officers, 5 Chief Petty officers, 9 Petty Officers 21 Leading Hands, 34 Able Seamen.

The Head of the Warfare Department is the Operations Officer, a Lieutenant Commander who is responsible for the efficient running of the Operations Room and all the associated outstations, maintaining the tactical picture and employing the ship's weapons and sensors as delegated by the Commanding Officer to fight the battle. His job also includes the day to day management of the department. He is assisted by two senior officers, called principal warfare officers.

All senior rates in the Warfare department are responsible for the management and training and of the personnel within their sub departments, using time between operational deployments and defence diplomacy visits to continue their professional and personnal development.

Warfare Department personnel are key in operating the Ship and her weapon systems. They gather and co-ordinate information from all the ship's sensors, emitors and man the weapon systems. During a day to day cruising routine they will operate radar displays, communication networks and steer the ship as required to ensure safe passage.

Above Water Tactical:  Using information from the Multi Functional and Long Range Radar, they compile a surface and air picture which shows the positions of ships and aircraft over hundreds of square miles. This information, along with other information gleaned from within the action information organisation is used to identify, classify and track numerous contacts at the same time.

All contacts are tracked automatically, providing a force valid picture not only to the command, but also passed out over link and voice networks to other units within the force ensuring that all units are fully informed of the disposition and classification of all contacts at all times.

Above Water Weapons:  The weapons system of the Type 45 destroyer consists of several significant subsystems, all of which are integrated into the command system using fast ethernet technology.

The primary weapon is the Principle Anti Air Missile system, which is capable of engaging multiple targets ranging from supersonic missiles, subsonic aircraft and surface vessals at the same time.

The heart of the Type 45’s gunnery system is the Electo Optical Gunfire Control System that provides day and night optical surveillance using low light cameras, thermal imaging and a laser range finder and is capable of surveillance, tracking and providing targetting information.

The Medium Calibre Gun is the 4.5 inch electronically powered weapon which is capable of firing the new extended range improved ammuniton. The IA is fed via an automatic loading system that is capable of firing 23 rounds per minute. Primarily used to provide Naval Gunfire Support, it is also a very capable weapon when used against surface targets.

Two Small Callibre Guns, each electronically powered 30mm single barrelled cannons are mounted on sponsons on 02 deck. These, unlike previous RN weapon fits are primarliy controled in remote with the operator manning a console within the operations room, although the can be operated in local control. These weapons, in conjuntion with the smaller calibre weapons are used for low level air defence and against Fast Inshore Attack Craft when conducting operations in lotoral waters.

Force protection for the Type 45 is provided by up to 6 General Purpose Machine Guns mounted and manned as required to meet the threat. These are complemented by two Mk 44 Mini guns, mounted either side to provide 360 degree coverage with a high rate of fire and overlapping weapon arcs. The gun crews are provided with sights enabling them to accuratly engage targets in low visibility and at night.

Ship protection against any missile that manages to leak through the fully integrated and overlapping layered defence that is employed on this highly prestigious warship is provided by a combat proven weapon called Phalanx. This autonomous weapon is capable of tracking, targetting and engaging, in order of priority, several different targets simultaneously.

Future development.  The Type 45 has the capability to adapt the current MCG to a 156mm weapon, space is also provided in front of the current PAAMs silo for a further 12 silo multi role launcher silo, dependent on the  requirement. Additionally, the option of fitting a SSGW laucher abaft the PAAMs silo has been built into the ships design, futher enhancing the operational capability of Great Britains newest Destroyer.
Underwater Warfare:  Using the ships Medium Frequency Sonar they detect, track and if required engage sub-surface threats using helicopter launched homing Torpedoes. The type 45 is also equipped with an underwater telephone, nicknamed ‘Gertrude’, that allows communication directly with a submarine without the need for it to surface. The operators man their consoles in the Operations room or work with the flight crew loading the weapons to the embarked helicopter. It is invisaged that the Type 45 will deploy operationally with the new Merlin.

Electronic Warfare:  This sub-department uses specialist equipment to detect and classify enemy electronic transmissions enabling the Ship to identify, track, and target enemy ships and aircraft whilst at the same time denying information to enemy sensors, they also have the ability to disable enemy sensors (temporaily or permanently) and protect friendly sensors from the intrusion of enemy EW.  They are responsible for providing the Recognised Maritime Picture so that the CO and Command team can identify where all the friendly/enemy units are, using state of the art equipment.  This sub-department is also responsible for employing a range of decoys to assist in defending the ship against enemy anti-ship missiles and takes the lead role in the ships inteligence team. It’s also the one sub -department that fights against the sub surface, surface, air and land warfare.

Communications:  The new type 45 destroyer HMS Daring along with her sister ships utilise an all new concept in communications management, a first for the Royal Navy.

Using ground breaking technology the Communications Information System (CIS) team onboard must fulfil the essential elements of both communications and information systems throughout the Royal Navies newest most powerful warship.

Incorporating the essential long range communications already expected by Royal Navy warships operating throughout the world. The CIS operators who find themselves serving in the type 45 destroyers must also ensure that all internal communications throughout the ship functions correctly 24 hours of the day. Whilst administering Strategic, Tactical and Distress communications, the CIS branch also ensure that all Information Systems onboard, all 40 plus, are administered correctly ensuring continuous access to each application thus ensuring the ships operational capabilities.

To achieve this the Daring class has a state of the art communications and information system administered from the OPS Room, from this strategically placed position, the on watch CIS operator has a full system wide, real time view of all the ships external communication situated throughout the ship. He/she also oversees the fully integrated internal communications plan essential to the operational state, from the OOW on the state of the art bridge to the on watch Engineering Technician in the ships futuristic engine room.

To enable this, the Fully Integrated Communications System (FICS) allows continuous system wide analysis of the assets under his/her control. FICS enables total remote access to a fully functional communications suit of SHF/UHF/HF alongside a fully operable internal communications plan.

Alongside the FICS system, the CIS has full access to the considerable computerised elements to the Daring class destroyer enabling the administration of all users, security and password control.

The Daring class destroyers allow the CIS operators to administer a variety of networks simultaneously, throughout the ship of the future.