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Chocolate: the facts

Divine chocolate 45g barsThe International Cocoa Organization estimates there are around 14 million people directly involved in cocoa production.

America is the world's largest chocolate consumer. In 2000, the US spent $13 billion on chocolate and ate 3.3 billion pounds of it.

According to the European Fair Trade Association, farmers get barely five per cent of the profit from chocolate, whereas trading organizations and the chocolate industry receive about 70 per cent.

West African economies are critically dependent on cocoa. Cocoa revenues account for more than 40 per cent of the Ivory Coast's total export earnings and 33 per cent of Ghana's.

West Africa has been the centre of world cocoa cultivation for the last 60 years, today producing over 67 per cent of the world's crop. Ivory Coast is the giant in world production, with a 95 per cent increase in output over the 1980s. It now holds 43 per cent of the world market.

Ninety per cent of the world's cocoa is grown on small family farms of 12 acres or less.

Fairly traded cocoa is produced by co-operatives representing about 42,000 farmers from eight countries: Ghana, Cameroon, Bolivia, Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, and Belize.

In 2000, fair trade co-operatives produced 89 million pounds of cocoa, but only 3 million pounds were sold at fair tade prices.

Source: www.globalexchange.org

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