Locational factors can increase the risk of racist crime. The most obvious is
any current or recent history of racial incidents in the locality. Known perpetrators
living in or nearby can also increase the possibility of incidents. In addition environmental
factors (seclusion, poor street lighting, etc) may increase the risk of racist crime.
Sampson, A. & Phillips, C. (1995) Reducing Repeat
Racial Vicitmisation on an East London Housing Estate. Police Research
Group Paper. Crime Detection & Prevention Series: No. 67.
A study of racist victimisation lists ten risk factors that emerged from interviews
with victims. These were:
cultural / religious identification
children playing / creating noise
disputes between neighbours
being the only Asian / black family in the area
being new to the area
having a white partner
living next to perpetrators
gangs of young people hanging around
use of local space.
(Chahal, K. & Julienne, L. (1999) We Canít All be White! Racist Victimisation
in the UK. Joseph Rowntree Foundation & YPS)