Crime Reduction - Helping to Reduce Crime in Your Area

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Theories, Models and Practice

Over the past 2 decades our understanding of crime and crime reduction has grown. This section introduces and organises some of the approaches that have been developed to inform crime reduction practice.

To make it easier to find what you are looking for, this section has been divided into 3 categories. Where there are interconnections, links between the categories are clearly provided within the text.

Theories and Models

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Routine Activity Theory (RAT)
A summary of the theory developed by criminologist Marcus Felson, which explains why crimes occur and looks at the 3 elements present when any crime is committed. RAT is sometimes called the basic crime triangle.

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Displacement theory
A summary of the theory that classifies the type of crime displacement that may occur when a crime is prevented.

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Rational Choice Theory (RCT)
A summary of the theory developed by Cornish and Clarke which portrays offenders as active decision makers who seek to benefit from their crimes. This forms the basis of Situational Crime Prevention.

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Situational Crime Prevention (SCP)
A summary of the opportunity-reducing methods that form SCP and the focus on the settings for crime.

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Ten Principles of Crime Opportunity Theory
A brief description of the 10 principles defined by Felson and Clarke.

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Scanning, Analysis, Response, Assessment (SARA)
A guide to a methodology for problem solving in problem-oriented policing (POP).

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5Is: A practical tool for the transfer and sharing of crime prevention knowledge
The 5Is will show you how to choose which ideas might work in your area and how to apply the lessons others have learned successfully, according to your own needs and circumstances.

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Conjunction of criminal opportunity framework
A framework to help you assemble your know-how and knowledge in an orderly and systematic way.

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PROblem, Cause, Tactic or Treatment, Output, Result(PROCTOR)
A guide to the approach devised to enhance the SARA model by emphasising the importance of analysis throughout the problem solving process.

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Practical Tools

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Situational Crime Prevention - 25 techniques for reducing the opportunity for crime
A listing of the updated 25 techniques of situational crime prevention developed by Cornish and Clarke with 2 examples for each technique.

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Problem solving checklist
A guide to help local problem-solvers take a critical look at their current working practices and identify where improvements can be made.

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Problem specification checklist
Taken from Working out what to do: Evidence-based crime reduction by Nick Tilley and Gloria Laycock.

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Situational crime prevention checklist
A summary of a Home Office report aimed at helping police services and local partnerships approach crime prevention and problem solving in a coherent, informed and structured way.

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Home security: an introduction to domestic surveying
A computer-based training package and accompanying booklet designed to help you learn how to carry out crime prevention surveys on domestic properties.

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Learning Resources

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Communicating for Confidence
Communicating for Confidence is intended to support front line delivery partners such as Crime and Disorder Reduction Partnerships, Community Safety Partnerships, Neighbourhood Policing Teams, Drug and Alcohol Action Teams, with evidence and practical advice on building public confidence in the work being down to tackle crime and anti-social behaviour via communications.

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Passport to evaluation v2.0
A distance learning package that looks at the basic techniques used to evaluate crime reduction initiatives and projects.

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Crime Reduction Basics
This two-and-a-half hour training package, complete with case studies and handouts, has been produced by the Crime Reduction Centre to enable crime reduction messages to be put across effectively to community groups.

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Home survey training pack
The Home Survey Training Pack is designed to introduce individuals and groups to the basic principles of domestic surveying and to encourage them to get involved in reducing crime by carrying out domestic surveys.

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Passport to Crime Reduction
The package examines what we mean by crime reduction and looks at the problem-solving tools and processes, which are the foundation of the profession. It contains a case study allowing the reader to put their new skills into practice.

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Passport to community engagement
This book is designed as a 'beginners guide' to community engagement. By the end of the book you will be able to work out what you need to do to engage your local communities; and decide which initiatives have been successful and which might need further work.

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Last update: Wednesday, May 13, 2009

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