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National Curriculum

Personal development and every child matters

Personal development and Every Child Matters

The whole curriculum should help young people to:

  • enjoy and achieve – develop the capacity to enjoy learning and succeed in it 

  • stay safe – learn how to stay safe and manage risk 

  • be healthy – understand how to maintain a healthy lifestyle 

  • make a positive contribution – form relationships and participate in society 

  • achieve economic wellbeing – acquire the skills, knowledge and understanding relevant to adult and working life.

Enjoy and achieve – develop the capacity to enjoy learning and succeed in it

Through becoming self-aware and self-managing young people will:

  • develop a positive sense of their own identity and self-esteem

  • be able to enjoy life and be positive about its challenges

  • use their imagination and creativity to develop new ideas, insights and new ways of doing things 

  • learn to assess their skills, achievement and potential to set personal goals, negotiating and planning ways to meet them

  • understand that achievement is life-long and that there are different ways to succeed 
    aim to achieve personal excellence, enjoy learning and be motivated to achieve their best.

Stay safe – learn how to stay safe and manage risks

Through learning how to make informed and responsible choices, young people will: 

  • understand how to identify risks, minimise them and deal with them in different situations 

  • be able to make safe choices 

  • develop the confidence to take on new experiences and ideas safely 

  • identify the dangers in new and different choices in a changing technological world 

  • develop skills, such as negotiation and assertiveness, to resist unhelpful pressure

Be healthy – understand how to maintain a healthy lifestyle

Young people will understand: 

  • how to look after their physical, emotional and sexual health 

  • that they can and should make positive choices and take sensible actions and avoid harmful choices 

  • the consequences that some decisions might have on their health and that of others and how to deal with illness, in themselves and others.

Make a positive contribution – form relationships and participate in society

Young people will:

  • understand the multiple roles individuals play

  • develop the skills and strategies to form effective relationships in a variety of roles 

  • know how to make a difference in a group, community or society 

  • know how to work effectively with a range of people of diverse cultures and backgrounds

  • understand the consequences of anti-social behaviour.

Achieve economic wellbeing – acquire the skills, knowledge and understanding relevant to adult and working life

Young people will be able to:

  • understand the qualities and skills needed for adult and working life 

  • handle uncertainty and respond positively to change 

  • make reasonable risk/reward assessments and act upon them in a variety of contexts, both personal and work-related 

  • understand about the global economy, the way business works and that there are different kinds of business 

  • manage their own money and be questioning and informed consumers of financial services.

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