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DBFO Briefing Pack

A historic summary of DBFO projects

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2a - Tranche 1 project fact sheets

A1(M) Alconbury to Peterborough

A1(M) Alconbury to Peterborough

The project forms part of the proposed upgrading to motorway standard of the existing A1 between London (M25) and Newcastle. The overall length of the project road is 21km, of which the 13km section between Alconbury Interchange and Norman Cross will be dual 4 lane motorway (D4M) standard, with the remainder constructed to dual 3 lane motorway (D3M) standard, except for the short length of A604(M) which will be dual 2 lane motorway (D2M) standard.

The following facts were correct as of the date of opening for this project:

Length of project: 21km
Estimated const. cost: £128 million
Date of award: 8th February 1996
Date of opening: 31st October 1998
Type of road: All motorway
DBFO Co: Road Management Services (Peterborough) Ltd
Shareholders: AMEC, Dragados, Alfred McAlpine Brown & Root
Contractor: AMEC, Dragados, Alfred McAlpine, Brown & Root
Designer: Parkman
Checker: Rust Consulting
Archaeologist: Chris Blanford Associates
Quality director: Reg Sutcliffe
Landscape architect: Chris Blanford Associates
Ecologist: Chris Blanford Associates
Traffic adviser: Howard Humphreys
Department's agent: Cambridgeshire C.C.
Department's rep: Cambridgeshire C.C.
Financial adviser: Lehman Brothers
S G Warburg
Legal adviser: Freshfields

Highways Agency advisers

Technical: Halcrow Group Ltd
Financial: Hambros/Pricewaterhouse
Legal: Denton Hall
Design agent: Cambridgeshire C.C.
M1-A1 Lofthouse to Bramham Link Road

M1-A1 Lofthouse to Bramham Link Road

The M1-A1 Link Road will be a dedicated motorway link to provide a strategic connection between the M1 and M62 motorways south of Leeds and the A1 Trunk Road south of Wetherby. In addition to constructing the M1-A1 Link Road, the DBFO Co. will improve the M62 east of Junction 28 to the Lofthouse Interchange, the M1 from near Junction 42 to near Belle Isle, and the A1(M) from Hook Moor to Bramham.

The following facts were correct as of the date of opening for this project:

Length of project: 30km
Estimated const. cost: £214 million
Date of award: 26th March 1996
Date of opening: 4th February 1999
Type of road: 2 to 5 lane dual carriageway
DBFO Co: Yorkshire Link Ltd
Shareholders: Kvaerner & BICC
Contractor: Kvaerner Construction & Balfour Beatty
Designer: Babtie Group Ltd
Checker: WSP
Archaeologist: Babtie Group Ltd
Quality director: A Frecklingham
Landscape architect: C Wilkinson
Ecologist: P Cox
Traffic adviser: JMP
Department's agent: Pell Frischmann
Department's rep: Highways Agency
Financial adviser: Morgan Grenfell
Legal adviser: Allen & Overy

Highways Agency advisers

Technical: Halcrow Group Ltd
Financial: Hambros/Pricewaterhouse
Legal: Denton Hall
Design agent: Pell Frischmann
A417/A419 Swindon to Gloucester

A417/A419 Swindon to Gloucester

The A417/A419 forms a strategic and increasingly busy route between the M4 near Swindon (Junction 15) and the M5 near Gloucester. Its attraction will increase with a new junction with the M5 (Junction 11A), currently being built as part of the Brockworth Bypass, as this will provide access to the M5 for traffic using the A40 without going through Cheltenham.

The following facts were correct as of the date of opening for this project:

Length of project: 52km
Estimated const. cost: £110 million
Date of award: 8th February 1996
Date of opening: Stratton bypass - 9th December 1997
Latton bypass - 24th December 1997
Type of road: Single/dual carriageway
DBFO Co: Road Management Services (Gloucester) Ltd
Shareholders: AMEC, Dragados, Alfred McAlpine Brown & Root
Contractor: AMEC, Dragados, Alfred McAlpine, Brown & Root
Designer: Parkman
Checker: Rust Consulting
Archaeologist: Chris Blanford Associates
Quality director: Reg Sutcliffe
Landscape architect: Chris Blanford Associates
Ecologist: Chris Blanford Associates
Traffic adviser: Howard Humphreys
Department's agent: Frank Graham
Department's rep: Frank Graham
Financial adviser: Lehman Brothers
S G Warburg
Legal adviser: Freshfields

Highways Agency advisers

Technical: Halcrow Group Ltd
Financial: Hambros/Pricewaterhouse
Legal: Denton Hall
Design agent: Frank Graham
A69 Carlisle to Newcastle

A69 Carlisle to Newcastle

The A69 Carlisle to Newcastle Trunk Road is the major east-west route serving the North East of England. The A69 between the A1 in the East and the M6 in the West, provides an important link in the strategic road network linking the industrial areas of North East England and Teesside with the North West of England, the West of Scotland and, via the West coast ports, with Ireland. It also provides a route to the Lake District for holiday traffic. The route has been designated a part of the Trans European Road Network.

The following facts were correct as of the date of opening for this project:

Length of project: 84km
Estimated const. cost: £9.4 million
Date of award: 12th January 1996
Date of opening: 22nd May 1997
Type of road: Single/dual carriageway
DBFO Co: Road Link (A69) Ltd
Shareholders: ASTM-SINA, Henry Boot, Christiani & Nielsen, Impregilo Morrison, Pell Frischmann
Contractor: Christiani & Nielsen, Henry Boot, Impregilo, Morrison
Designer: Pell Frischmann
Checker: No CAT III structures
Archaeologist: Northern Archaeological Services
Quality director: Pell Frischmann
Landscape architect: Anthony Stiff Associates
Ecologist: Anthony Stiff Associates
Traffic adviser: Oscar Faber TPA
Department's agent: Ove Arup & Partners
Department's rep: Highways Agency
Financial adviser: Hill Samuel
Legal adviser: McGrigor Donald

Highways Agency advisers

Technical: Halcrow Group Ltd
Financial: Hambros/Pricewaterhouse
Legal: Denton Hall
Design agent: Ove Arup & Partners

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2b - Tranche 1A project fact sheets

A19/A168 Dishforth to Tyne Tunnel

A19/A168 Dishforth to Tyne Tunnel

The A19/A168 Dishforth to Tyne Tunnel trunk road is a vital route linking Tyneside, Wearside and Teesside to the A1(M). The route between the A1 at Dishforth in the South, and the Tyne Tunnel in the North, provides an important link into the industrial areas of the North East of England. The route is of major importance in satisfying the traffic demand of the Teesside conurbation, the centres of population near which it passes, industry located down the eastern fringe of County Durham and the rural communities of North Yorkshire.

The following facts were correct as of the date of opening for this project:

Length of project: 118km
Estimated const. cost: £29.4 million
Date of award: 14th October 1996
Date of opening: 2nd September 1998
Type of road: 2 & 3 lane dual carriageway
DBFO Co: Autolink Concessionares A19 Ltd
Shareholders: Amey, Sir Robert McAlpine, Taylor Woodrow
Contractor: Amey, Sir Robert McAlpine, Taylor Woodrow
Designer: Scott Wilson Kirkpatrick
Checker: Flint & Neil Partnership
Archaeologist: Durham University Archaeological Department
Quality director: R H Wall
Landscape architect: Scott Wilson Resources Consultants
Ecologist: Argus Ecological Services
Traffic adviser: Scott Wilson Kirkpatrick
Department's agent: Fairhurst
Department's rep: Highways Agency
Financial adviser: JLT Risk Solutions
Legal adviser: Ashurst Morris Crisp

Highways Agency advisers

Technical: Halcrow Group Ltd
Financial: Hambros/Pricewaterhouse
Legal: Denton Hall
Design agent: Fairhurst
A30/A35 Exeter to Bere Regis

A30/A35 Exeter to Bere Regis

The A30/A35 project forms part of the South Coast trunk road from the M5 (Junction 29) at Exeter to the A31/A35 roundabout at Bere Regis. It is the principal east-west route along the South Coast and has been subject to a series of local bypass improvements over the last ten years. It is an old road, with parts of the route dating back to Roman times. There is also considerable variation in traffic loading and the standard construction (in terms of both geometry and engineering). At present the Port of Poole traffic joins the Bere Regis roundabout via the A35 principal route for westbound traffic. A future scheme known as the A31 to Poole Link Road Scheme will become a trunk road and will carry Port of Poole traffic to the A31 junction West of Ameysford, after which westbound traffic will use the A31/A35/A30 to Exeter and beyond.

The following facts were correct as of the date of opening for this project:

Length of project: 102km
Estimated const. cost: £75.7 million
Date of award: 24th July 1996
Date of opening: Puddletown Bypass - 16th April 1999
Honiton to Exeter - 9th of February 2000
Type of road: Single & Dual carriageway
DBFO Co: Connect (A30/A35) Ltd
Shareholders: BICC, W S Atkins, Philipp Holzmann
Contractor: Balfour Beatty Tilbury Douglas, Deutsche Asphalt GmbH
Designer: W S Atkins
Checker: No CAT III structures
Archaeologist: Oxford Archaeological Unit
Quality director: W S Atkins
Landscape architect: W S Atkins
Ecologist: W S Atkins
Traffic adviser: Halcrow Fox
Department's agent: A30: Hyder
A35: Frank Graham
Department's rep: Highways Agency
Financial adviser: Royal Bank of Scotland
Legal adviser: Linklaters & Paines

Highways Agency advisers

Technical: Halcrow Group Ltd
Financial: Hambros/Pricewaterhouse
Legal: Denton Hall
Design agent: Hyder (A30)
Frank Graham (A35)
A50/A564 Stoke to Derby Link

A50/A564 Stoke to Derby Link

The A564 Stoke to Derby Link (which will be redesignated A50 when fully complete) will provide a strategic east-west connection between the M6 Motorway in Staffordshire (via the A500) and the M1 Motorway in Leicestershire. It will link the industrial areas of the North West of England and the Potteries with those of the East Midlands, and with onward connections, through to the East Coast ports.

The following facts were correct as of the date of opening for this project:

Length of project: 57km
Estimated const. cost for Doveridge Bypass: £20.6 million
Date of award: 20th May 1996
Date of opening for Doveridge Bypass: 6th March 1998
Type of road: 2 & 3 lane dual carriageway
DBFO Co: Connect (A50) Ltd
Shareholders: BICC, W S Atkins, Philipp Holzmann
Contractor: Balfour Beatty, Tilbury Douglas, Deutsche Asphalt GmbH
Designer: W S Atkins
Checker: W S Atkins
Archaeologist: Trent & Peak Archaeological Trust
Quality director: David Hickman
Landscape architect: W S Atkins
Ecologist: W S Atkins
Traffic adviser: Halcrow Fox
Department's agent: Scott Wilson Kirkpatrick
Department's rep: Highways Agency
Financial adviser: Royal Bank of Scotland
Legal adviser: Linklaters & Paines

Highways Agency advisers

Technical: Halcrow Group Ltd
Financial: Hambros/Pricewaterhouse
Legal: Denton Hall
Design agent: Scott Wilson Kirkpatrick
M40 Denham to Warwick

M40 Denham to Warwick

The M40 is a strategic route between London and Birmingham and acts as an alternative to the M1 and M6 Motorways between these two locations.It also serves as part of a high standard route between the Midlands and the South Coast ports. The project road runs from Junction 1 (the junction with the A40 at Denham) to Junction 15 (the junction with the A46 at Warwick). It involves symmetrical widening between Junctions 1A and 3 from dual 3 lane motorway to dual 4 lane motorway.

The following facts were correct as of the date of opening for this project:

Length of project: 122km
Estimated const. cost: £65 million
Date of award: 8th October 1996
Date of opening: 22nd December 1998
Type of road: All motorway
DBFO Co: UK Highways Ltd
Shareholders: John Laing, Hyder, Tarmac, Caisse des Depots et Consignations, Transroute International SA
Contractor: John Laing & Tarmac
Designer: Hyder
Checker: No CAT III structures
Archaeologist: Buckinghamshire C.C.
Quality director: Peter Moores
Landscape architect: Babtie Group
Ecologist: Hyder
Traffic adviser: Steer Davies Gleave
Department's agent: Halcrow Group Ltd
Department's rep: Highways Agency
Financial adviser: BZW
Legal adviser: McKenna

Highways Agency advisers

Technical: Halcrow Group Ltd
Financial: Hambros/Pricewaterhouse
Legal: Denton Hall
Design agent: Halcrow Group Ltd.

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2c - Tranche 2 project fact sheets

South Midlands Network

The project road comprises sections of the trunk road network in the Counties of Leicestershire, Northamptonshire and Bedfordshire, and to a lesser extent Buckinghamshire and Oxfordshire. Centred on the A6 and A43 trunk routes where they intersect at Kettering, it also includes sections of the A421 and A428.

South Midlands Network

A6 trunk routes
  • A6 Great Glen Bypass
  • A6 Rushden and Higham Ferrers Bypass
  • A6 Rothwell and Desborough Bypass
  • A6 Clapham Bypass

The section of the strategic north-south A6 trunk road included in this project extends from the southern outskirts of Leicester to the north side of Luton. Whilst principally rural in character, this section of the A6 passes through a number of towns and villages.

A43 trunk routes
  • A43 Silverstone Bypass
  • A43 Whitfield Turn to Brackley Hatch Dualling
  • A43/M40 to B4301 Improvement

The A43 trunk route forms an important north-south connection between the A1 to the south-west of Stamford and Junction 10 on the M40 to the north of Oxford. The route is generally rural in character, with discontinuities at the two major urban areas, Kettering and Northampton.

A428 Norse Road Link

The A428 is an east-west route linking Coventry in the West Midlands to Cambridge and the east ports beyond via the A14. The A421 is a rural primary route, which currently extends from Bicester to the A6 south of Bedford. The Bedford Southern Bypass, which has now been constructed, will provide a link between the existing A421 to the south of Bedford and the A428 to the east.

The A428 Norse Road Link scheme was withdrawn following the roads review of July 1998 and the remaining schemes (A43 &A6 trunk routes) were conventionally procured under the TPI.

Length of project road: 251km
Estimated Construction Costs: £116 million
Date of ITT issue: 3rd March 1997
Date of suspension: 19th June 1997
Type of road: Dual 2 carriageway

Highways Agency advisers

Technical: Halcrow Group Ltd
Legal: Denton Hall
Financial: Hambros/Pricewaterhouse
Design Agent: Bingham Cotterell, Northamptonshire C.C., Peter Fraenkel & Ptnrs, Thorburn Colquhoun
Cumbria to Bradford

Cumbria to Bradford

The Cumbria to Bradford project road runs from the A590/A592 junction at Newby Bridge via the A590, A65, A629 and A650 to the eastern terminal point of the proposed Bingley Relief Road. In addition to its strategic function as a trans Pennine route, the project road serves as a connecting route between intermediate centres of population. It also acts as a recreational route for tourism interests associated with the Lake District and Yorkshire Dales National Parks and Bowland Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty. This scheme was part of the Government's accelerated roads review and was subsequently suspended. The conclusion of the review was such that the DBFO tender period for this scheme was terminated.

The component schemes will be undertaken as follows:

  • A590 High & Low Newton Bypass - This Scheme was added to the Governments Targeted Programme of Improvements (TPI) on 29 October 2003 and is planned to start construction in 2005-06.
  • A65 Hellfield and Long Preston Bypass - This road is being detrunked. The local highway authority will decide whether or not the scheme will proceed.
  • A65 Gargrave Bypass - This road is being detrunked. The local highway authority will decide whether or not the scheme will proceed.
  • A629 Skipton - Kildwick Improvement - withdrawn.
  • A650 Bingley Relief Road - This scheme was completed under the TPI (conventional procurement).
Length of project road: 106km
Estimated Construction Costs: £104 million
Date of ITT issue: 4th February 1997
Date of suspension: 19th June 1997
Type of road: Dual 2 carriageway
Contingent scheme: Type A (A650)
Tenderers: Road Link, Connect, Autolink, The Trafalgar House/ Autostrade Group
Project manager: Highways Agency

Highways Agency advisers

Technical: Halcrow Group Ltd
Legal: Denton Hall
Financial: Hambros/Pricewaterhouse
Design agent: Babtie Group Ltd
Hyder
Weald & Downland
Weald & Downland

The project road comprises sections of three trunk road routes, the A21 London to Hastings trunk road, the A259/A27 South Coast trunk road and the A26 trunk road between the A27 and the port of Newhaven. The A21 trunk road runs southwards from the A25 at Sevenoakes to the outskirts of Hastings. The A259/A27 trunk road from Hastings to Brighton is part of the Folkestone to Honiton South Coast Trunk Road. It is the only strategic east-west route across England south of the M20, M25 and M4 corridor and it links the major towns of Folkestone, Hastings, Eastbourne, Lewes, Brighton, Worthing, Portsmouth, Southampton and Bournemouth. The A26 trunk road provides access to the port of Newhaven from the A27 at Beddingham. This scheme was part of the Government's accelerated roads review and was subsequently suspended. The conclusion of the review was such that the DBFO tender period for this scheme was terminated.

The component schemes will be undertaken as follows:

  • A21 Tonbridge Bypass to Pembury Bypass Dualling - scheme to be progressed subject to regional priorities.
  • A21 Lamberhurst Bypass - Under construction as part of the TPI (conventional procurement).
  • A27 Polegate Bypass - Opened to traffic in June 2002 under the TPI (conventional procurement).
  • A259 Pevensey to Bexhill Improvement - This scheme was cancelled by the Minister in July 2001.
  • A259 Bexhill & Hastings Western Bypass - This scheme was cancelled by the Minister in July 2001.
  • A259 Hastings Eastern Bypass - This scheme was cancelled by the Minister in July 2001
Length of project road: 117km
Estimated Construction Costs: £142 million
Date of ITT issue: 6th January 1997
Date of suspension: 19th June 1997
Type of road: 2/3 lane dual carriageway
Contingent scheme: Types A & B (A259)
Tenderers: Road Management Group, UK Highways, Express Route, The Modern Highways Group
Project manager: Highways Agency

Highways Agency advisers

Technical: Halcrow Group Ltd
Legal: Denton Hall
Financial: Hambros/Pricewaterhouse
Design agent: W S Atkins
Kent C.C
Carl Bro Group
Mott MacDonald
A40 West London Approach

The A40 is an important strategic radial route running in a generally east/west direction from inside the M25 to London's West End. At its western end it connects with the M40 motorway, Junction 1 while at its eastern end it connects with central London via the A501 and M41. The project road is one of the main arterial routes into central London. Starting in Buckinghamshire it passes through the Boroughs of Hillingdon, Ealing, Hammersmith and Fulham, the Royal Boroughs of Kensington & Chelsea and the City of Westminster. It is extensively used by commuters, tourists and commercial traffic from and to the Midlands.

The A40 West London Approach DBFO project, together with its two constituent schemes was cancelled in July 1997 as it was considered likely that this improvement scheme would encourage car commuting.

Length of project road: 25km
Estimated Construction Costs: £75 million
Type of road: Dual 2/3 carriageway
Project manager: Highways Agency

Highways Agency advisers

Technical: Halcrow Group Ltd
Legal: Denton Hall
Financial: Hambros/Pricewaterhouse
Design agent: Sir Frederick Snow
Howard Humphreys
A36 Wessex Link

The Wessex Link DBFO Project was also cancelled in July 1997. The result of the Roads Review in respect of the relevant schemes is as follows:

  • A36 Salisbury Bypass - cancelled July 1997
  • A36 Codford - Heytesbury Improvement - This road is being detrunked and was proposed by the local highway authority as a Local Transport Plan major bid but was turned down by Government Office.
  • A303 Sparkford - Ilchester Improvement - scheme to be progressed subject to regional priorities.
  • A303 Wylye - Stockton Wood Improvement - scheme to be progressed subject to regional priorities.
  • A303 Chicklade Bottom - Mere Improvement - scheme to be progressed subject to regional priorities.
  • A303 Ilminster Bypass Improvement - scheme to be progressed subject to regional priorities.

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2d - Post Tranche 2 project fact sheets

A1 Darrington to Disforth
A1 Darrington to Disforth

The A1 through Yorkshire forms part of a strategic link in the national network between Scotland, the North East and the South of England. The A1 Darrington to Dishforth DBFO Project comprises the operation and maintenance of 33 miles (53km) of the A1(M)/A1(T) between Darrington, on the A1 just to the south of the existing A1/M62 Interchange, and the existing A1/A168 Interchange at Dishforth, east of Ripon, together with the design and construction of two Targeted Programme of Improvement (TPI) schemes which will provide 15 miles (24km) of new dual 3 lane motorway. The two TPI schemes are the A1(M) Ferrybridge to Hook Moor scheme (Est. works cost £183m) and the A1(M) Wetherby to Walshford scheme (Est. works cost £46m).

The following facts were correct as of the date of award for this project:

Length of project: 53km
Estimated const. cost: £245M
Date of award: 13 Feb 2003
Date of opening: Currently under construction
Type of road: Mainly motorway when new build complete
DBFO Co: Road Management Services (Darrington)Ltd
Shareholders: AMEC, Alfred McAlpine, Dragados, Kellogg Brown and Root
Contractor: Road Management Group (consortia of shareholders)
Designer: Parkman
Checker: Ove Arup
Archaeologist: Oxford Archaeolgy
Quality director: Reg Sutcliffe
Landscape architect: RPS Clouston
Ecologist: RPS Clouston
Traffic adviser: KBR
Department's agent: Bullen Consultants/ Pell Frischmann
Department's rep: Highways Agency
Financial adviser: Morgan Granfell
Legal adviser: Allen & Overy

Highways Agency advisers

Technical: Halcrow Group Ltd
Financial: Hambros/Pricewaterhouse
Legal: Denton Hall
Design agent: Bullen Consultants/ Pell Frischmann
A249 Stockbury to Sheerness
A249 Stockbury to Sheerness

The project road comprises the A249 trunk road between the Stockbury junction on the M2 (Junction 5) and Sheerness Docks on the Isle of Sheppey, a total length of 17 km. The southern portion of the road from the M2 to the crossing of The Swale was improved to dual 2 lane all-purpose standard and was opened to traffic in 1996. The DBFO project includes the construction of the 5 km long A249 Iwade Bypass to Queenborough Improvement, which will provide a new high level, fixed link crossing of The Swale and will extend the dual carriageway to Queenborough.

The following facts were correct as of the date of award for this project:

Length of project: 17km
Estimated const. cost: £80.8 million
Date of award: 19 February 2004
Date of opening: Spring 2006
Type of road: Dual 2 lane all purpose & single carriageway
DBFO Co: Sheppey Route Limited
Shareholders: Carillion Private Finance
Contractor: Carillion Construction Limited and Carillion Highways Maintenance
Designer: Symonds Group Limited
Checker: Gifford & Partners Ltd
Archaeologist: John Samuels Archaeologist Consultants
Quality director: Dennis Coates
Landscape architect: Symonds Group Ltd
Ecologist: Symonds Group Ltd
Traffic safety officer: Howard Williams
Department's nominee: Highways Agency
Financial adviser: CIT
Legal adviser: Cameron McKenna

Highways Agency advisers

Technical: Halcrow Group Ltd
Financial: Pricewaterhouse Coopers
Legal: Denton Wilde Sapte
Design agent: Mott MacDonald

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2e - A13 Thames Gateway DBFO project fact sheets

A13 Thames Gateway DBFO project
  1. The A13 Thames Gateway DBFO project, approved as part of the Accelerated Review of the trunk road programme conducted in summer 1997, provides a vital link in the transport infrastructure to assist regeneration in East London, improving east-west access to Docklands, the Lower Lea Valley and other parts of East London.
  2. The route is of major importance to industry located along the A13 and provides heavy goods vehicle links from east London and Docklands to the M25 and Tilbury Docks. The project road ceases at the Greater London Authority (GLA) boundary at Wennington.
  3. Following a pre-qualification exercise, four bidders were selected and tenders invited in August 1998. Tenders were returned in March 1999 and bidders shortlisted in August 1999. A provisional preferred bidder was selected in December 1999.
  4. The contract was awarded to RMS (A13) plc by the Highways Agency, with contract signature on 12 April 2000 and a commencement date of 11 July 2000.
  5. The A13 DBFO contract was novated from the Highways Agency to Transport for London under the terms of the GLA Act on 3 July 2000.
Details of the project
  1. During the 30-year contract RMS is required to operate and maintain:
    • the existing A13 from Butcher Row in the West to Heathway in the East;
    • the new A13 bypass from Heathway to Wennington which opened in December 1999; and
    • the Limehouse Link Tunnel, Aspen Way and the East India Dock Tunnel.
  2. The DBFO company is also required to construct:
    • the A13 Ironbridge to Canning Town Improvement, consisting of widening and an additional flyover (estimated cost £43.7 million and substantially completed in October 2004);
    • the A13/A117 Woolwich Manor Way Improvement, consisting of replacing an existing flyover and providing a dual three lane carriageway road (estimated cost £39.6 million, substantially completed in August 2004);
    • the A13 Movers Lane Improvement, consisting of a new dual three lane underpass (estimated cost £26 million, substantially completed in August 2003); and
    • the A13/A112 Prince Regent Lane, which consists of an underpass, slip roads and a new junction (estimated cost £36.5 million, substantially completed in August 2004).
  3. The core requirements of the DBFO contract were also strengthened to include:
    • providing monitoring equipment to improve accident response times. This equipment can be used for traffic management purposes;
    • installing variable message signs that will be used to warn drivers of congestion ahead and to advise of alternative routes and modes of transport available; and
    • five-year management plans to incentivise the private sector to develop solutions that support Government policy. Examples include environmental improvements and ideas for integrating different modes of transport such as park and ride sites etc.
    • The expected completion date for all the construction works, which includes the communications systems and all civils works associated with the improvement schemes, is currently May 2005.
A13 payment mechanism
  1. An alternative payment mechanism was devised for the A13 DBFO, designed to incentivise the private sector to deliver a service in tune with the government's approach to integrated transport (i.e. the Roads Review five key criteria of integration, economy, environment, safety and accessibility). This payment mechanism moves away from the all-vehicle shadow-toll payment mechanism used on previous DBFO contracts, replacing them with a combination of:
    • Availability - Accounting for approximately 70 per cent of the DBFO company's income, payments are linked to road availability which, in turn, incentivises them to maximise the time that the road is available to road users, particularly during peak hours. Financial incentives include keeping bus lanes open and available for use.
    • Separate footway and cycle way availability payments - The needs of the non-motorised user are also recognised by linking payments to the DBFO company's performance in keeping footways and cycle ways available to pedestrians and cyclists.
    • HGV/bus shadow tolls - Long-vehicle volume-based payments encourage the DBFO company to efficiently manage public transport and commercial goods vehicle traffic, while providing no incentive to increase car usage.
    • Safety payments - Safety payments are designed to encourage the DBFO company to reduce the number of accidents.

In addition, the core requirements for the A13 contract have been amended to include provision of monitoring equipment to improve accident response times and variable message signs to inform road users of congestion, delays and public transport alternatives.

A13 Thames Gateway
A13 Thames Gateway

The following facts were correct as of the date of award for this project:

The A13 trunk road is a strategic East London/Thameside radial route. At its western end it connects with the City of London while its eastern end includes the new A13 Bypass to Wennington. The route is of major importance to industry located along the A13 and provides commercial vehicle links from East London and Docklands to the East Coast. These schemes are key to improving east-west access to Docklands, the Lower Lea Valley and other parts of East London, north-south local access and to supporting regeneration in a major part of the Thames Gateway. The Project will allow full use of the East India Dock Tunnel. The A13 passes through the London Boroughs of Tower Hamlets, Newham, Barking and Dagenham and Havering. The schemes included in this project are:

  • A13 Ironbridge to Canning Town Improvement;
  • A13/A117 Woolwich Manor Way Junction Improvement;
  • A13 Movers Lane Junction Improvement;
  • A13/A112 Prince Regent Lane Junction Improvement.
Length of project road: 20.5km
Estimated project value: £146 million
Date of ITT issue: 27 August 1986
Date of tender return: 15 March 1999
Contract signature: 12 April 2000
Commencement date: 11 July 2000
Novation to TfL: 3 July 2000
Tenderers: Connect, Tarmac/ Laing, Road Management Ltd, The Kvaerner/ Nutall/ Autostrade Group

Highways Agency Advisers

Technical: Halcrow Group Limited
Legal: Initially Denton Hall, now TfL
Financial: Initially KPMG, now TfL
Design agent: HyderMott MacDonaldGibb
Type of road: Single/dual carriageway

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2f - NAO press notice on the Scottish Office A74(M)/M74 DBFO Project

The Private Finance Initiative: The Contract to Complete and Operate the A74(M)/M74 in Scotland

HC 356 1998/99
9 April 1999
ISBN: 0102652996
Price: £10.15

Sir John Bourn, head of the National Audit Office, reported to Parliament today that the Scottish Office had managed an effective competition for the £214 million contract to complete the upgrading of the *A74(M)/M74 in Scotland to three-lane motorway and to operate the road until 2027. The private sector partnership with Autolink Concessionaires (M6) plc is expected to bring benefits which offset the higher cost of financing the project privately.

These benefits include construction of the road in around 22 months, compared with an estimated 36 months for a conventionally financed project. Early delivery of the road will increase the cost of the contract for the Scottish Office, but these extra costs are expected to be matched by the additional benefits to road users resulting from advanced completion.

The National Audit Office found that:

  • within the Scottish Office specification for a three-lane motorway, bidders had scope for innovation;
  • as in the first four PFI roads in England, the use of shadow tolls as the payment mechanism for the road creates a risk for Autolink - linked to the volume of traffic - which it cannot manage and which, therefore, is likely to have increased the cost of the contract. If a different payment mechanism could be developed it might in future produce a better deal;
  • the Scottish Office maintained notably good communication and feedback with bidders, while ensuring keen competition throughout the process. The Scottish Office included a second round of bidding which they had not originally expected to need. This maintained competitive tension, thus securing a keener price, but also resulted in additional costs both for the Scottish Office and for bidders;
  • the successful bidder, Autolink, arranged finance for the deal through a competitive process and used a novel funding structure involving a bond issue to gain access to global capital markets. The competitive way in which the Department procured the road gives assurance that the benefits Autolink obtained from this innovation fed through in lower shadow tolls; and
  • the Scottish Office's assessment of the value for money of the road was thorough. The net benefit may be somewhat less than the £17 million calculated by the Scottish Office, but Autolink's price can be expected to remain value for money.

The report recommends:

  • that in future roads contracts, departments should think about how to allow the maximum possible scope for innovation on the part of the private sector;
  • that departments continue to look at alternatives to shadow tolls for future privately operated roads;
  • that where competitive tension can only be maintained by including a second stage of bidding involving parallel negotiations with two bidders, then departments should consider the case for reimbursing some or all of the losing bidder's costs if unconditional bids are sought from both;
  • that departments evaluate carefully the additional costs and benefits that would arise from having a service provided significantly ahead of schedule; and
  • that departments should as in this case, invite an independent contractor to participate in the development of the public sector comparator.

Notes for Editors

*In April 1997, the Scottish Office signed a contract with Autolink Concessionaires (M6) plc to upgrade the existing 28 kilometre section of the A74 between Paddy's Rickle Bridge and Cleuchbrae in Scotland to motorway standard, and to operate and maintain the 92 kilometre length of the M74 between Millbank and the border. In return, the Scottish Office will make payments to Autolink based on the volume of traffic using the road, subject to a maximum in each year - so called "shadow tolls".

Press notices and reports are available from the date of publication on the NAO website at www.nao.org.uk. Hard copies can be obtained from The Stationery Office on 0845 702 3474. The Comptroller and Auditor General, Sir John Bourn, is the head of the National Audit Office employing some 750 staff. He and the NAO are totally independent of Government. He certifies the accounts of all Government departments and a wide range of other public sector bodies; and he has statutory authority to report to Parliament on the economy, efficiency and effectiveness with which departments and other bodies have used their resources.

Concerning audit and Scottish devolution, the Scotland Act 1998 provides for the appointment of an Auditor General for Scotland on the nomination of the Scottish Parliament. In due course the Auditor General for Scotland will become responsible for the commissioning of financial and value for money audits across much of the public sector in Scotland, and reporting the results to the Scottish Parliament.

Press Notice 28/99
All enquiries to NAO Press Office:
Tel: + 44 (0) 20 7798 7400

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2g - Welsh Office press notice on the A55 DBFO Project

HYSBYSIAD I'R WASG Y SWYDDFA GYMREIG
PRESS RELEASE WELSH OFFICE

11 January, 1999

PETER HAIN ANNOUNCES CONTRACT FOR DUALLING OF A55 ACROSS ANGLESEY

UK Highways A55 Ltd has been awarded the contract to design, build, finance and operate (DBFO) the A55 extension across Anglesey, Welsh Office Transport Minister Peter Hain announced today.

It is the first roads project solely within Wales to be procured by Private Finance. Work is expected to take about three years and be completed in 2001.

Mr Hain said:

"The importance of this project is reflected in the fact that it was the only scheme exempted from the strategic review of the Welsh trunk road programme,

"The new road will bring a better quality of life to people living and working along the existing A5 on Anglesey and will increase economic prosperity in North West Wales. In particular it will aid the economic regeneration of the island as a whole and Holyhead in particular. It will improve both road safety across Anglesey and communications with the rest of Wales and beyond into Europe."

The project will be:

  • The construction, operation and maintenance of about 32km of new dual carriageway from the western end of Llanfairpwllgwyngyll Bypass to the town and port of Holyhead;
  • The operation and maintenance of about 9km of existing A5 trunk road from its junction with the A55 trunk road at Llandega, south of Bangor, to the western end of the Llanfairpwllgwyngyll bypass, including Britannia Bridge; and
  • The operation and maintenance of about 4km of existing roads which includes the A487 trunk road northwards from its junction with the A5 at Vaynol; the A4080 trunk road over the Menai Bridge linking back to the Llanfairpwllgwyngyll Bypass

The additional lengths of existing trunk road have been included in the DBFO project to improve traffic management at the approaches to Britannia and Menai Bridges and allow greater operational flexibility during closures of either bridge for maintenance or in extreme weather.

Notes

UK Highways A55 Ltd is a consortium made up of Laing, Tarmac and Hyder.

The concession period will be for 30 years during which time the contractor will design the new scheme, fund its construction, manage and maintain the network of the roads within the project. In return the Government will pay shadow tolls on a formula based upon the number of vehicles using the road and lane availability. After this time responsibility for the operation and maintenance will revert to the Government.

The concession includes the design and construction of around £100m of new roads and the operation and maintenance of the A5/A55 trunk road between Llandegai and Holyhead.