Royal Air Force Bomber Command 60th Anniversary
Cologne, Aachen, Le Havre
85 aircraft to these targets - 39 to Cologne, 28 to Le Havre, 18 to Aachen - but all encountered icing and thick cloud and only meagre bombing results were claimed. There were no losses.
98 aircraft. 1 Hampden and 1 Whitley lost.
67 aircraft claimed to have bombed Mannheim in difficult conditions. The city reports only a light raid, with 2 buildings destroyed, 15 damaged, some railway damage and with 1 man wounded and 23 people bombed out.
Minor Operations: 15 aircraft to Le Havre, 1 Manchester on a leaflet flight to France. No losses.
1O Whitleys and 6 Halifaxes; only 9 aircraft bombed, in cloudy conditions. No aircraft were lost but 3 crashed in England.
8 Bostons, of 88 and 226 Squadrons, commenced the first regular operations with this new type the of day bomber. They searched for German shipping off the Dutch coast without success or loss.
37 Hampdens and 12 Manchesters to the Frisian Islands. 1 Hampden and 1 Manchester lost.
Minor Operations: 28 Wellingtons on roving commissions to Northern Germany, 5 Blenheim Intruders over Dutch airfields, 22 aircraft on leaflet flights to France and Belgium. No losses.
5 Bostons on an uneventful shipping search off the Dutch coast.
10 Wellingtons and 3 Stirlings to Emden, Hamburg, Kassel and Aachen; visibility was poor and most bombing results were unobserved. Leaflet flights were carried out to Oslo by 1 Whitley and to France by 3 Hampdens. No aircraft were lost on this night.
Minelaying: 25 Hampdens to lay mines in the Frisians and off Wilhelmshaven and Heligoland, 1 Hampden lost. 7 aircraft carried leaflets to France and Belgium without loss.
Minor Operations: 8 Wellingtons on roving commissions to Germany, 7 aircraft on leaflet flights to France and Belgium. No losses.
Roving Commissions: 22 Wellingtons and 20 Hampdens to many areas of Germany, 2 Hampdens and 1 Wellington lost.
Norwegian Airfields: 15 aircraft - 6 Halifaxes, 5 Manchesters, 4 Stirlings - attacked 4 airfields to provide a diversion for a Fleet Air Arm strike from the aircraft carrier Victorious on the Prinz Eugen, which had taken shelter in a Norwegian fjord near Trondheim after being torpedoed and damaged by the submarine Trident. The Fleet Air Arm strike was not successful, because of poor weather conditions. 1 Manchester was lost.
6 Manchesters minelaying off Wilhelmshaven without loss.
31 Wellingtons and 19 Hampdens to bomb the floating dock which the Germans might be using to repair the Scharnhorst or Gneisenau. The area was cloud-covered and bombs were mostly released on the estimated position of Wilhelmshaven. The local diary has no entry for this night.
Minor Operations: 7 aircraft to Emden, 5 to Ostend, 5 Manchesters minelaying off Wilhelmshaven, 2 Hampdens on leaflet flights to France.
There were no aircraft losses from the operations of this night.
23 Hampdens minelaying off Wilhelmshaven and Heligoland. 1 aircraft lost.
Minor Operations: 42 Hampdens and 9 Manchesters minelaying in the Frisians and off Wilhelmshaven and Heligoland. 2 Hampdens lost. 5 aircraft on leaflet flights to France and Belgium without loss.
61 aircraft - 43 Wellingtons, 12 Manchesters, 6 Stirlings - to bomb
the floating dock at Kiel. 3 Wellingtons lost.
In the bombing of the harbour area, the accommodation ship Monte Sarmiento was hit and burnt out with the loss of 120-130 lives. 16 people were also killed and 39 injured in the town.
21 Whitleys to bomb aluminium factories at Heroya and Odda. These areas were cloud-covered and the Whitleys returned without bombing.
Minor Operations: 18 Hampdens and 1 Manchester minelaying off German ports, 3 aircraft on leaflet flights. No losses.
4 Bostons of 226 Squadron commenced the first regular operations for this type of aircraft. Ships off the Hook of Holland were attacked without loss.
49 aircraft - 33 Wellingtons, 10 Hampdens, 6 Halifaxes - to attack
the floating dock. 2 Wellingtons and 1 Halifax lost.
Crews claimed good results in clear weather with bombs close to the floating dock. A high-explosive bomb scored a direct hit on the bows of the Gneisenau, causing severe damage and killing 116 men in the crew. This proved to be the end of Gneisenau as a fighting unit. Bombing in the town of Kiel destroyed several houses and killed 16 people.
Minor Operations: 27 Hampdens minelaying off German ports, 5 Hampdens on leaflet flights. No losses.
68 aircraft - 33 Wellingtons, 17 Manchesters, 18 Hampdens - to bomb the floating dock. The area was completely cloud-covered. 47 aircraft bombed the approximate position of Kiel but, although Kiel reports hearing the planes, no bombs dropped in the town. No aircraft were lost.
33 aircraft of mixed types were sent to find and bomb the Scharnhorst, which was believed to be at Wilhelmshaven, but the cloud was present here also. Wilhelmshaven reports only 3 bombs exploding, in the water of the harbour. 3 Whitleys lost.
11 Hampdens and 4 Manchesters minelaying in the Frisians without loss.
6 Blenheims with a fighter escort bombed the harbour without loss.
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