HIV and AIDS
58,300 people living with HIV in the UK
HIV & AIDS diagnoses and deaths in HIV-infected individuals: by year of occurrence
By the end of 2004 the estimated number of people living with HIV in the United Kingdom was 58,300. This figure includes undiagnosed and diagnosed people. Over a third were unaware of their condition. In 2004, 7,275 new HIV cases were diagnosed. This was nearly double the number diagnosed in 2000.
In contrast, the numbers of AIDS diagnoses and deaths in HIV-infected individuals declined after the introduction of effective therapies in the mid-1990s. In more recent years they remained relatively constant, with 813 reports of AIDS and 467 deaths during 2004.
The biggest component in the rapid rise in the numbers of new HIV diagnoses has been in heterosexually acquired infections. Since 1999 the number of new HIV diagnoses in heterosexual men and women have outnumbered those in homosexual and bisexual men.
The 4,287 new HIV infections diagnosed in 2004 that were heterosexually acquired is an increase of more than five times the number in 1995, when less than 900 such infections were diagnosed annually.
Just under two thirds (2,720) of these heterosexually acquired HIV infections diagnosed in 2004 were in women, and three quarters of the total in both men and women (3,138) were probably acquired in Africa. In 2004, there were 2,185 diagnoses attributable to sex between men.
Of the 39,333 men, women and children seen for HIV related care in England, Wales and Northern Ireland in 2004 for whom ethnicity was reported, 52 per cent (20,382) were white, 38 per cent (15,008 were black-African, and 3 per cent (1,217) black-Caribbean.
Source: Health Protection Agency
Notes: These HIV diagnosis figures are based on reports to the end of September 2005, numbers of diagnoses recorded, particularly for recent years, will rise as further reports are received. Those where the probable route of infection was not known, particularly for recent years, will fall as follow-up continues.