Water And Industry
Water used and where it comes from
UK water resource use by industry, 1997/98 - Total abstraction: 16.8 billion cubic metres
In 1997/98 the UK consumed just over 16.8 billion cubic metres of water.
Non-domestic usage accounted for 13.5 billion cubic metres while 3.3 billion cubic metres were used by households through the public water supply network.
Direct abstraction from groundwater and non-tidal waters amounted to nearly 9.6 billion cubic metres. The electricity and gas production and fishing industries accounted for the bulk of the water removed directly by industries. The electricity and gas production industry abstracted 5.6 billion cubic metres of water while the fishing industry abstracted 2.1 billion cubic metres.
Public water supply amounted to 7.2 billion cubic metres of which 1.8 million was lost through leakage. Domestic use accounted for nearly 45 per cent of the public water supply with the remainder spread fairly evenly across the manufacturing and services sectors.
Sources: Office for National Statistics, Environment Agency
These estimates exclude the use of tidal waters, whether freshwater or not, and the uses of water that do not result in it changing e.g. such as for hydroelectricity. However they do include some uses where the water is returned to the same part of the environment in an unchanged state, such as when the water has been used for cooling plant and machinery.
These estimates are mainly based on research carried out by the Environment Agency on water consumption in England and Wales. The next update of this information is not expected until after 2004/5.
Environmental accounts provides data on the environmental impact of UK economic activity and the use of the environment by the economy.
For more information, e-mail firstname.lastname@example.org