National Identity in Wales
67% of people in Wales identify themselves as Welsh
National Identity in Wales, Adults
A national identity question introduced on the Labour Force Survey in 2001 shows that two thirds of adults living in Wales identify as Welsh.
Respondents to the Labour Force Survey were asked if they considered their national identity to be Welsh, English, Scottish, Irish, British or another national identity. They could choose as many or as few options as applied to them.
Sixty per cent said that their national identity was Welsh only. A further 7 per cent described their identity as Welsh but included another national identity, most commonly British, in their answer. In total 67 per cent of adults in Wales described their national identity as wholly or partly Welsh.
In April 2001 the Census asked a different question, about ethnicity, but this question also allowed people to express a national identity if they chose. This question did not contain separate tick boxes for all national identities but respondents could write in their own answer. In Wales 14 per cent of the total population (all ages) wrote in Welsh.
The unavailability of a separate tick box for Welsh is the main reason for the difference between the two sources. The Labour Force Survey should be regarded as the better source for information about Welsh national identity.
Sources: Annual Local Area Labour Force Survey 2001/02, Office for National Statistics.
Census, April 2001, Office for National Statistics.