Industry Consumption of Energy & Output
Energy use increases
Non-domestic energy consumption and output (Gross Domestic Product, chained volume measure), UK
Energy consumption by the non-domestic sectors of the UK economy increased by 9.5 per cent between 1990 and 2003, while output (Gross Domestic Product) rose by 36.3 per cent in real terms. This resulted in a decrease in energy intensity (energy consumed per unit of output) of 20.0 per cent over the same period.
Total non-domestic use of energy from carbon fuels has increased from 150.0 million tonnes of oil equivalent (mtoes) in 1990 to 164.1 mtoes in 2003. This is a rise of 9.4 per cent.
As a percentage of total energy consumption of primary fuels and equivalents, total non-domestic energy from carbon fuels has decreased slightly from 67.7 per cent in 1990 to 66.8 per cent in 2003.
In 2003, the amount of energy used by the whole economy which derived directly from carbon fuels increased by 2.1 per cent to 224.9 mtoes from 220.3 mtoes in the previous year. Total energy use in 2003 amounted to 245.5 mtoes of which 20.6 mtoes (8.3 per cent) came from non-carbon sources such as nuclear power, hydroelectricity and imports of electricity.
Energy consumption is highest in the energy, gas and water industries, which in 2003 accounted for 27.4 per cent of all energy derived from carbon fuels. The manufacturing & transport and communication industries accounted for a further 18.4 per cent and 14.4 per cent respectively of energy derived from carbon fuels.
In 2003, the domestic sector accounted for 34.6 per cent of energy use (once electricity transformation and distribution losses are allocated to the final consumer).
Source: Office for National Statistics, NETCEN
Notes: Environmental accounts provides data on the environmental impact of UK economic activity and the use of the environment by the economy.
The unit of measurement used in this analysis is tonne of oil equivalent (toe), which enables different fuels to be compared and aggregated. It should be regarded as a measure of energy content rather than a physical quantity. Standard conversion factors for each type of fuel are given in the Digest of UK Energy Statistics (DUKES).
These data are consistent with the National Accounts Blue Book 2005 release.
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