Comparison of selected large and medium cities, 2001
Large and medium-sized cities in the United Kingdom differ across a range of indicators of urban life.
The average unemployment rate for the selected large cities is higher than for the selected medium-sized cities, 7.6 per cent compared with 5.4 per cent in 2001. The large cities also had a slightly higher proportion of residents aged 16 and over with a qualification at degree level or above (16 per cent compared with 15 per cent). Seven of the ten highest-ranking sub city districts were in the City of Edinburgh, with the highest proportion of 55 per cent in New Town.
Large cities also have higher levels of demographic dependency than medium cities. In 2001, for every 100 people between the age of 20 and 64 (broadly working age) there was an average of 69 people outside of that age group in the large cities and 67 in the medium cities. Of the cities in the audit, Birmingham had the highest ratio (78). The lowest ratio (34) was in the City of London.
Commuting by public transport was more common in the large cities. One in four workers in the large cities travelled to work by public transport in 2001. This compares with one in ten workers in the medium cities. Those working in Greater London were the most likely to travel to work by bus or train (48 per cent). People working in Wrexham were the least likely (6 per cent).
The level of civic involvement (based on the percentage of the electorate who voted in the 2001 General Election) was higher in the medium than in the large cities (60 per cent compared with 54 per cent). Of all the cities included in the audit, Derry had the highest turnout rate (69 per cent) and Liverpool had the lowest (43 per cent).
Sources: Electoral turnout: University of Plymouth All other data: Census, April 2001, Office for National Statistics, General Register Office for Scotland, Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency
Notes: The data collected were part of the Urban Audit project, which is collecting data on 258 cities across the EU. In the UK, nearly 250 sets of data on a wide range of topics, from health and crime to unemployment and travel were collected for 14 selected large cities (populations greater than 250,000) and 10 selected medium cities (populations between 50,000 and 250,000).
Large Cities: Belfast, Birmingham, Bradford, Bristol, Cardiff, Edinburgh, Glasgow, Leeds, Leicester, Liverpool, London, Manchester, Newcastle and Sheffield.
Medium Cities: Aberdeen, Cambridge, Derry, Exeter, Gravesham, Lincoln, Portsmouth, Stevenage, Worcester and Wrexham.