[NB: This note introduces sections of the comprehensive handbook which is being prepared on firearms security. These are Part 1 (Dealing with certificate holders) Part 6 (Transport) and Annex A (Construction and design standards). It is intended that the full handbook will include guidance on more specialised areas, such as dealers, museums etc.]
Principles relating to the secure storage of firearms
1. The Firearms Rules 1998 state:
'Firearms and shotguns to which this certificate relates must be stored securely at all times (except in certain circumstances) so as to prevent, so far as is reasonably practicable, access to the guns by unauthorised persons'
NB: Subject to decisions by the Courts, the term 'unauthorised access' might include when persons other than the certificate holder have access to the keys for security devices as well as access gained by a criminal to the premises. This is especially important when there are children in the house.
2. The purpose of this document is to address what may be considered to fulfil those criteria in the more usual circumstances. It is NOT a statement of the law, but aims to provide general guidelines for the security of firearms. It is the responsibility of the certificate holders in each case to ensure that they comply with the conditions of the possession of those firearms. This document is provided as a guide to the advice that might be given to those persons on the principles and mechanics of security. This advice must always be tempered with common sense and a view to the distinctive conditions that surround the application.
3. This guidance should be applied with full regard to the individual circumstances and the type and location of the premises subject to recommendations. It is important that the proposals in each case take into account the safety of the occupants of the premises; in particular, attention is drawn to the provisions of the Fire Safety Acts, building regulations and the Occupiers Liability Act.
4. Your attention is also drawn to the building regulations in respect of provisions for emergency escapes from buildings including dwellings. For security purposes in this document, no requirement can be made in respect of a window or other opening which has been provided as an emergency escape that will in any way prevent the immediate and unobstructed use of that escape route. If there is reason to believe that there is a conflict between the need for security for firearms and any regulations appertaining to the safety of persons in that building, then advice must be sought from the agency responsible for the regulations.
5. There are a great many factors that will require consideration, which may include the following:
1. A risk assessment based on the levels of property crime in the area. These may be subject to sudden temporary changes and it is helpful to look at the longer-term trends of property crime in an area, which are the more important factor;
2. The remoteness or otherwise of the premises, and the potential response to calls for assistance, either by police or neighbours;
3. The manner in which the property is overlooked and/or illuminated. These are significant factors in deterring burglars;
4. The extent to which the property is occupied or left unoccupied;
5. The location of storage points within the property and where appropriate the distribution of firearms within each secure point;
6. The attractiveness of the type of firearms to criminals. For example, modern multi-shot handguns may be more attractive to criminals than rifles or older types of gun.
7. The number of firearms held.
8. Whether it is generally known that firearms are stored on the premises.
6. NB: Any references to proprietary or commercial products in this document do not confer any direct approval of that manufacturer, but is given to illustrate what is available, or where such items may be acquired. The part of this guidance that contains details of commercially available products is not a definitive document. Items listed are those collated from information found within the public domain. Many other manufacturers and suppliers are available and so far as their products conform with or exceed any relative standards quoted, they may be considered fit for the purpose.
7. The Security Handbook is divided into parts that cover specific areas, a number of which inter-relate. Setting aside this introduction, Part 1 deals with the application to the private individuals ownership of firearms, Parts 2 to 5 will cover the more specialised areas, possession for professional purposes, firearms dealers, clubs, museums and collections. Part 6 looks at security consideration for transport. Detailed product information and technical specifications are given in the various Appendices.
8. While the 'Notes for Guidance' and the 'Handbook' are intended to stand alone from each other, readers will wish to be aware for reference purposes of the contents of both these documents and the information contained therein
9. Within this document the following abbreviations will be used: FA 1968 = Firearms Act 1968; F(A)1988 = Firearms (Amendment) Act 1988; F(A)A1997 = Firearms (Amendment) Act 1997.
Part 1 - Sections 1 and 2 (FA1968) Firearms
1.1 The security of firearms, ammunition and shotguns within a dwelling can in most cases be achieved by the provision of a cabinet designed for this purpose. New cabinets should conform to the requirements of BS7558 (See annex C for examples on points of construction). The cabinet should be fixed to the structure of the building and suitably located to frustrate or obstruct the points of attack or identification by persons visiting the premises. BS 7558 was introduced in 1992, but many older cabinets will be built to perfectly satisfactory standards and, if satisfactory, need not be replaced.
1.2 As an additional level of security, ammunition and easily removable component parts - such as rifle bolts etc - may be stored separately from the firearms they fit. This could be either by use of a detached storage container fitted elsewhere in the dwelling, or one built into or onto the firearms cabinet.
1.3 Whatever the method of security, it should also involve the physical prevention of access to those firearms by persons who might lawfully occupy the property other than the certificate holders, as well as by intruders. This may be especially important when children are in the house.
1.4 Under most circumstances, it is preferable that firearms should be secured within the occupied structure of a dwelling. Separate, detached buildings, or those attached but having only external access eg outhouses, garages etc should not be used unless the levels of security warrant it. If used, these could also be protected by an intruder alarm linked to the household.
1.6 In some modern houses, thermal block is used for the inner skin of main walls. This does not normally provide as substantial an anchorage point for security devices as those that can divide integral garages from living areas, for example. (Integral garage means those built within the dwelling and providing internal door(s) to the other living areas). Whilst not usually a suitable location, if a garage is secured to the level of recommendations set out in Part 1.14 of this Handbook then this option should be considered. It should, however, be considered as an option only after reviewing all other locations within the inhabited part of the premises.
1.8 If the certificate holders dwelling is a mobile home or static caravan, a different set of security concepts should be adopted (See part 1.13 below). These are primarily concerned with the anchorage of the structure. That structure's capability to store items securely may well require an interim layer of security to 'target harden' the unit. It is unlikely that a gun room can satisfactorily be constructed within such a dwelling or unit of this type.
1.8 There is a need to consider other alternatives for unusual firearms such as puntguns, cannon etc. In these cases, such items may be secured in buildings other than the dwelling. Suitable securing points may be required where the situation or construction of such buildings make it necessary. Where possible any removable part that would render the gun inactive should be stored separately.
1.9 In advising on the location of any security cabinet, remember that most steel gun cabinets have a high weight-to-footprint ratio. The average floor loading for a suspended floor on timber joists is 56lbs. A 9-gun cabinet with a 24" x 12" (608 x 304 cm) footprint can be in the order of 126 lbs. which equates to more than a safe average suspended floor loading. Obviously, any fixing to a wall will reduce this loading. In a loft installation for a cabinet, care needs to be exercised. Not all lofts have joists calculated to include weight loading other than that of the ceiling below. It is not uncommon for joists in lofts to be 40% smaller in cross sections than joists carrying floors. Full use must therefore be made of the support from structural walls carrying such joists. If there is any doubt, the applicant/certificate holder should obtain proper structural advice. In general, joist ends are a more suitable fixing location than joist runs.
1.10 Fixings for security devices form an important part of the overall resistance to attack. Fastening to timber studded walls should be avoided, unless some additional anchorage can be provided. Floor or roof joists (subject to the previous comments in 1.9) are acceptable. Walls of brick, concrete or masonry are usually the best bonding materials. It is important that the fixing bolts chosen are correct for that material (eg expanding bolts, chemical anchors, toggle bolts etc). With modern building materials, particularly breeze and thermal block walls, the materials are not particularly suited to normal fixing devices. Any firearm security cabinet etc should be sited out of view from people both inside and outside the building. Securing to suitable building walls within built-in furnishings, i.e. wardrobes, cupboards, etc can prove effective. Rooms such as lofts or cellars for example, which are unlikely to be visited by casual visitors, are an option. However, when recommending such places, it is important to consider whether the environment is suitable. Extremes in temperature, dampness, condensation etc may militate against such use, as not only could it result in damage to the firearms and ammunition but particularly in damp areas, it may cause erosion of the fixings or the cabinet material, thus reducing its security.
1.11 When cabinets are being fitted, consideration should be given to varying the method of fixing. For example, in buildings with only partition internal walls and modern insulation block lining or random stone walls, it can be perfectly acceptable to fix cabinets horizontally, as long as appropriate fixing devices are used. This will also assist when fastening into suspended wooden flooring, as it spreads the load more evenly. In this case, coach screws of at least 3/8" (10mm) diameter and not less than 2.5" (65mm) long will provide a suitable anchorage. Such fixings must of course be made into joists and not simply to the floor boarding. Another consideration should be the size and weight of the larger form of gun cabinet or commercial safe. Due to their very weight or size, fixing may be unnecessary in these cases, but they should be located in such a position that would further frustrate removal.
1.12 Layers and Levels of Security
1.12.1 As with any other valuable articles, the security of firearms should be considered in layers:
1.12.2 In most circumstances, the immediate and secondary layers are likely to be all that need to be addressed. However, conditions which affect either the ability of the outer structure to provide a defensive level commensurate with the particular risks, or any constraints upon the occupier, (eg crime level, property style or type of construction, constraints in tenanted property etc) may require adjustments to either layer.
1.12.3 If the occupant can show that the house has been designed and built to the requirements of BS8220 (the 'secured by design' model, introduced in 1996) or has doors to BS PAS 24 and windows to BS7950, then those parts of the dwelling can be taken to have satisfactory security.
1.12.4 Your attention is also drawn to the building regulations in respect of provisions for emergency escapes from buildings including dwellings. For security purposes in this document, no requirement can be made in respect of a window or other opening which has been provided as an emergency escape that will in any way prevent the immediate and unobstructed use of that escape route.
1.12.5 It may be helpful to think of security in terms of broad 'levels' to be applied according to the circumstances of each case. These are not intended to be prescriptive, but rather to provide general guidance on what might be considered proportionate in each case. Level 1 might be considered the normal standard of security applicable to the majority of cases.
1.12.6 A gun cabinet, or (where only one rifle or shotgun is held and a low level of risk is involved) gun clamps or similar devices or arrangement fixed to the structure may normally be considered to be reasonable security. This should be suitably located to frustrate or obstruct points of attack and identification by persons visiting the premises. Other considerations in that dwelling might be:
1) Final exit doors of good construction secured with good quality (five lever mortise) locks and/or other types of deadlocking facilities;
2) Suitable locks/securing devices on ground floor windows and French/patio windows;
1.12.7 In the cases of more modern houses, the above requirements will be met in properties with PVCu doors or specialist doors by a multi-locking system, gear or bar link operated, which is secured by a dead lock. These requirements will also be met in properties with PVCu or specialist windows by a similar style of internal mounted system, gear or bar link operated, secured by a keyed lock, either handle or independently mounted.
1.12.8 If you give advice to fit locks to PVCu doors and/ or windows it must be stressed that the manufacturer/supplier should be consulted about which locks would be appropriate, as the fitting of non specified locks may cause damage to the article and invalidate the product warranty.
1.12.9 Where the individual circumstances are such that additional considerations might apply (eg high-crime location, building regularly unoccupied, repeat victimisation, substantial numbers of firearms on the premises etc) in addition to the provision of a suitable cabinet, gun room or safe, the following may be considered:
1) The final exit door locks should be to BS3621 or equivalent and any French windows/patio doors should have an integral locking system or be provided with supplementary locks to frustrate forcible opening, together with anti-lift blocks if applicable.
2) The above requirements will be met in properties with PVCu doors or specialist doors by a multi-locking system, gear or bar link operated, which is secured by a deadlock.
3) Windows on the ground floor and those accessible from flat roofs etc should be fitted with an appropriate type and number of locks which are self-latching or active-key operated. These should ensure casement-to-frame locking along the length of the opening edge. These requirements will also be met in properties with PVCu or specialist windows by a similar style of internal mounted system, gear or bar link operated, secured by a keyed lock, either handle or independently mounted.
4) An audible intruder alarm to the appropriate standard protecting either the whole of the premises or those parts of the premises deemed necessary.
1.12.10 For these purposes, a 'substantial' number of firearms should be measured with regard to the type of firearms, their potential danger if misused and their likely attractiveness to criminals. At the lower end the number might vary between six and ten, depending on the type of firearm concerned, whilst anything over ten would rarely, if ever, be lower than level 2. For these purposes, sound moderators, spare barrels, spare cylinders and component parts should not normally be considered as part of this total.
1.12.11 If the certificate holder provides a different form of security that will equate to that provided above (such as providing a reinforced gun room or other area,) the provisions may be also considered to have been met. The comments made in reference to PVCu and other specialist products are also applicable.
1.12.12 If the risk is assessed as being greater than the previous level (for example by virtue of a high crime rate, certain high profile certificate holders, large numbers of firearms held etc), then the following should be considered as well as the previous level of security.
1) Dividing the risk, for example by the provision of separate cabinets, perhaps in different locations within the premises, to break down the number of firearms per enclosure.
2) Additional target hardening of the storage (cabinet with individual gun locks, or extending to a gun room).
3) Installation of an audible intruder alarm to protect the whole of the premises.
4) If there is a particular risk attached to the property or its area, then a system with signalling should be sought. The provisions of the ACPO intruder alarm policy of 1995 should be considered if a signalling system is to be installed.
1.12.13 For these purposes, 'large numbers of firearms' may be taken as meaning more than twelve guns. For these purposes, sound moderators, spare barrels, spare cylinders and component parts should not normally be considered as part of this total.
1.13 Mobile Homes/ Static caravan units
1.13.1 The unit should be site fixed or any wheels and towing assemblies removed or disabled to prevent its immediate removal.
1.13.2 Where there is any doubt about the fixture, supplementary anchorage with industrial ground anchors, locking plates or security chains should be used.
1.13.3 The area between the ground level and underside should either be enclosed with secure cladding, or the area giving access to that part of the chassis securing the cabinet should be so protected as to prevent unauthorised access to that area.
1.13.4 A cabinet to BS7558 or better, or a commercial safe should be used in dwellings of this type. Ideally, because of the construction of some mobile homes, these cabinets of heavier construction may be warranted or a dual layer system to protect the area of installation.
1.13.5 The cabinet should be located in a position making attack on it difficult.
1.13.6 The cabinet should be concealed in an area which is not easily/ normally accessed (eg inside fitted lockers).
1.13.7 The cabinet should have the maximum number of its anchorage points attached to the chassis of the unit. The blind heads of any fixings should be outside, with the threaded nut within the cabinet. It may be prudent to have the fixing points welded to the chassis.
1.13.8 Alloy chassis require special consideration. If the structure is in doubt the provision of bolting plates not less than 4mm thick and large enough to span several adjoining chassis members can be fitted. Alternatively, the below method can be utilised.
1.13.9 Where the chassis is not substantial, a concrete pad containing securing bolts to attach to the security device should be made underneath the unit.
1.13.10 Industrial ground anchors can also be adapted for this purpose. These should have a protective enclosure to frustrate access from outside.
1.13.11 An intruder alarm should be considered the primary method of adding security to such premises.
1.14 Integral Garage Security
1.14.1 Such a garage should have all its external walls constructed to the same standard (or better) as those of the external walls of the remainder of the property (eg brick, concrete block, stone).
1.14.2 The internal adjoining walls, if they are to be used for fixing a cabinet, must be made of brick, stone or concrete block. Thermal block walls will not usually make a secure anchorage point.
1.14.3 The vehicle door of the garage should be secured internally to override the opening of the door from the outside. The arrangements must ensure that the door is locked to its frame.
1.14.4 On 'up and over' doors, the locking should engage the frame or floor so as to prevent any outward movement being achieved.
1.14.5 The vehicle door should be of rigid construction, either of timber or of steel. Any perceived weakness or flexing should be addressed either by reinforcement or by fitting bolting devices to lock the door into its surround at appropriate locations.
1.14.6 Any other doors allowing access from the outside should be constructed to the same specification as the main entry door for a dwelling. Such doors should be secured by locks of a similar standard to BS 3621, or a combination of locks or other supplementary devices to ensure that the door offers maximum locking effect into its frame.
1.14.7 Any opening windows should be fitted with appropriate locks. Dependent upon the vulnerability of these to attack, consideration may need to be given to fitting grilles or bars.
1.14.8 When firearms are stored in such a garage, and the premises are alarmed, that alarm should include the garage.
1.14.9 Ideally, the firearms cabinet should be located as far as possible from the garage vehicle door.
1.14.10 The cabinet should be obscured from open view, preferably by enclosure in an unobtrusive screening device (EG a chest, locker etc).
1.14.11 The Certificate holder should be advised to access the cabinet only when the outer doors are closed.
1.15.1 As a matter of best practice, ammunition for section 1 firearms may be kept secure apart from the firearm. Although secure storage for shotgun cartridges is not a requirement of the Firearms Acts, it is sensible to recommend these should be locked away for both security and safety, especially where there are children in the house.
1.15.2 Although ammunition is not generally a serious fire hazard, in advising on the location of any ammunition container, ensure that it is not in an area exposed to a risk of fire. It is also not advisable for an ammunition container to be located in the area of an escape route from a room (eg kitchen) where there is a fire risk.
1.15.3 If there is any doubt on the safety or method of intended storage, the Explosives Liaison Officer may be consulted. This is also recommended in the case where a private certificate holder intends to keep reloading articles such as gunpowder, primers or large quantities of cartridges etc.
[NB: Parts 2 to 5 dealing with specialised areas will be included in the handbook in due course.]
Part 6 - Firearms etc in Transit
Carriage by Road - Section 1 & 2 Firearms and Ammunition (FA1968)
6.1 While carrying firearms in a vehicle, the following steps are considered to accord with the duty to ensure the safe custody of the firearms and/or ammunition.
6.1.1 Any guns should be hidden, preferably in the locked boot or other secured load carrying area of the vehicle where practicable. Vehicles used frequently for transporting firearms should ideally have an immobiliser and/or alarm fitted.
6.1.2 If the vehicle is left unattended for any reason, firearms should be concealed, preferably in the locked luggage compartment and (where practicable), an essential component such as the bolt or forend removed and kept in possession of the responsible person. Where possible any ammunition should be stored separately from the firearm and this too should be concealed from view. The vehicle should be locked, and any immobiliser or alarm should be set. If possible, the vehicle should be parked within the sight of the responsible person.
6.1.3 In the case of an estate, hatchback or similar vehicles, the following recommendations should be considered:
6.1.4 When firearms and ammunition are being carried on a journey which involves them being kept away from their usual secure storage, the responsible person should ensure that they are, as far as reasonably practicable, secure. Consideration when firearms are being taken to venues involving overnight or longer accommodation might include:
For Display Purposes
6.2.1 Collections of firearms being transported for display or exhibition should be carried in accordance with the above conditions.
6.2.2 Where articles are being transported within display cases, the vehicles selected should allow those cases to be held within the closed luggage or goods area of the vehicle.
6.2.3 Where the vehicle has windows into the load carrying area, the cases should be covered to prevent identification of the contents.
6.2.4 Whilst loading/unloading, the vehicle should either be continuously attended or be secured between each operation.
Annex A - Security- general construction & standards.
1. These specifications are a guide to the types of construction which provide a good standard of security, and do not exclude other methods which would afford a similar standard. The security required should be reasonable for the individual situation, but these specifications should provide a standard against which to measure any alternative proposals.
Certain recommendations in this section involve structural adaptation. You should be aware that there is a need to ensure that any recommendation made will not cause any problems in relation to load bearing of floors or walls that may cause damage. It is important that applicants are advised that professional advice should be sought before embarking on projects of this nature.
When proposing security for domestic and commercial premises, no requirements can be implemented that compromise the provisions for safe exiting from such premises, required in both the Building and Fire Safety controls.
The proposals made cover items which provide increasing levels of resistance to attack. Steel doors in particular are likely to be found inappropriate within a normal domestic situation, but may be relevant to areas such as cellars, where substantial anchorage may be present.
The style of security required must be reasonable for each situation.
The illustrations provided with this document are not necessarily to scale, but are produced to give visual information on the items to which they relate.
Cabinets which may be considered to be suitable for the security of the firearms, shotguns and ammunition should be expected to provide the resistance equal to:
1.1.1 A cabinet manufactured and fitted as certified to comply with BS7558:1992.
1.1.2 A cabinet fabricated to the following:
220.127.116.11 Sheet steel body of not less than 2 mm (14 swg), formed by either folding, continuous welding or a combination of these methods.
18.104.22.168 When fabricating the body, the door case should be constructed to provide a continuous rest plate the length of the opening edge to prevent attack on the lockbolts by through insertion of hacksaw blades
22.214.171.124 The door frame may be formed by return bending of the body steel or the provision of a bar or angle frame, welded to the carcass with sufficient relief to the edges to provide for door locking and hanging. The frame should be designed so that the door, when closed, can resist attempts to force it inwards. (See Illus I)
1.1.3 Doors should be formed from the same material with either bent, folded or post formed edges, or the provision of a bracing frame of bar or angle steel, or ribs welded to the inside of the door to prevent the flexing or bending of the door when closed.
1.1.4 Doors hung on : (See Illus 2)
126.96.36.199 Hinges internally fitted.
188.8.131.52 Hinges externally fitted, with either hinge bolts, anti-bar plates or interlocking formed door edge, along the hanging side of the door.
184.108.40.206 Swivel bars or rods with return fold anti-bar plate. The frame should be fabricated to prevent, so far as possible, the insertion of tools to cut the pins.
220.127.116.11 Not less than 2 steel pins of 12 mm dia or full width welded steel foot plate not less than door thickness - for slot in type doors.
1.1.5 Secured by:
18.104.22.168 Locks to BS3621 or 7 lever safe locks with not less than 38 mm x 9 mm cross section steel bolts.
22.214.171.124 Locks in the approved list under HELA Tech Doc 26/95.
126.96.36.199 Locks specified above should be mounted on steel brackets or pockets, providing strength equal to that of the door and welded to the door (see Illus 3)
188.8.131.52 Padlocks not less than grade 4 of the draft CEN 12320:1997. Close shackle should be selected on open ring or plate staples.
1.1.6 Hinged Full length doors for rifles/shotguns, should be fitted with two locking devices fitted at points to divide the locking edge into equal parts.
1.1.7 On slide-in, fully braced doors, the number and location of the lock(s) will be determined by the degree of absence of flexing in the door.
1.1.8 Padlocks should have steel staples, hasp/staple, or padbars fabricated to equate to the protective strength of the lock.
1.1.9 Provision of at least 4 fixing holes to take not less than 10 mm diameter fastening devices. The holes to be spaced to provide maximum binding of cabinet to structure.
1.1.10 When ammunition or firing mechanisms are to be kept separate from the weapons, a smaller cabinet of similar construction or a separately lockable container, either as an extension of the cabinet, or internally fabricated, can be manufactured.
Commercially manufactured safes may be considered suitable for the securing of firearms. Even early models, if tight and in good condition can provide physical protection that would be above that expected on a cabinet constructed to BS7558. The following considerations should be applied as appropriate:
1.2.1 Safes weighing less than 20 cwts should be secured in accordance with the manufacturers instructions, or in the case of one already possessed, that from a manufacturer or safe engineer.
1.2.2 Safes have a considerable floor loading implication. Advice must be sought for any proposal to fit a safe on other than on a solid ground floor.
1.2.3 To protect those safes with thinner plate backs, they must always be installed with the back against a solid wall or be built into a wall or recess to prevent attack at the rear.
1.2.4 Where the safe is secured by driven boltwork, a single key lock or dial lock (either combination or digital) is often provided. Unless there is some particular requirement, double locking is not necessary.
1.3 Display Cabinets:
Cabinets which may be considered to be suitable for the display of firearms, shotguns and ammunition should be expected to provide the resistance equal to;
1.3.1 A cabinet manufactured and fitted as certified to comply with BS7558:1992 with laminated glazing to BS5544 with a minimum thickness of 11.3 mm; or
1.3.2 A cabinet certified to Loss Prevention Standard LPS1175 Issue 3, Level 3.
1.3.3 Cabinet which can be expected to provide these standards are most likely to be constructed by:
184.108.40.206 Cabinet case manufactured from not less than 2 mm (14 swg) steel, formed by either folding, continuous welding or a combination of these methods with either post formed, welded angle or box section front frame; or
220.127.116.11 60 mm x 60 mm x 4 mm thick mild steel angle forming all edges, top back & sides with 2 mm steel infill panels with box section front frame, all edges, joints and mitres, welded.
18.104.22.168 Steel box section door (e.g. 40 mm x 40 mm in a 1500 mm x 650 mm door) with post formed flange or continuously welded external steel bar beading of 20 mm.
22.214.171.124 Locking side to have either post formed or a continuous seam welded overlap plate to prevent insertion of tools between door and frame along that edge.
126.96.36.199 Door to be hung on good quality steel hinges with captive pins and secured with engineers screws.
188.8.131.52 A minimum of two hinge bolts of not less 12 mm diameter, welded and mounted to pass through the section of the doorcase, located to provide maximum retention on the hanging side should an attack on the hinges succeed.
184.108.40.206 Glazing secured into door by solid steel internal beading/flanges ( 30 mm x 15 mm in above case) screwed into section with 6 mm diameter countersunk engineers screws at 50 mm centres.
220.127.116.11 Laminated glass panel to BS5544 ( 15 mm in above case).
18.104.22.168 Locks should be mounted in cabinet frame and not in the door. Door to be slotted to receive lockbolt only.
22.214.171.124 Fitted with two locks giving physical resistance to a level expected in BS7558.
126.96.36.199 Where handguns or concealed weapons are displayed, separate devices/fixtures should be fitted to secure the exhibit(s) to the body of the cabinet.
Clamps which may be considered to be suitable for the security of a single firearm or shotgun should be:
1.4.1 Steel plate construction, not less than 2 mm (14 swg), all external joints to be seam welded or of bend construction.
1.4.2 Secured by a lock to BS3621; 7 lever safe locks with not less that 38 mm x 9 mm cross section steel bolts; a lock on the HELA Tech doc 26/95; security padlocks not less than grade 4 of the draft CEN 12320:1997.
1.4.3 Configured to enclose weapon action and trigger(s).
1.4.4 Provided with at least two fixing points to allow fixing devices not less than 10 mm diameter being used.
1.4.5 Fixed in such a location to frustrate attack on the fixings.
1.5 Cable Locks.
Flexible or semi-rigid devices for the secure fastening of single weapons which provide the restraint equal to:
1.5.1 Spun steel security cables, not less than 8 mm diameter excluding any sleeve
1.5.2 Fitted with integral anchorage plate suitable for fastening with non-return security fixings.
1.5.3 Secured by a close fitting padlock not less than grade 3 in the draft CEN 12320 : 1997 or in-built security locking device.
1.6 Gun Enclosure.
The adaptation of an existing enclosure within the fabric of a building which may be considered to be suitable for the security of the firearms, shotguns and ammunition where:
1.6.1 The enclosure is not to be formed by any walls being of timber and plasterboard construction (studded wall) unless the area has been rendered secure to standards similar to the recommendations in 1.7.1.
1.6.2 The door fitted is constructed either as:
188.8.131.52 A security class, laminated or solid timber core door of not less than 44 mm thickness, or
184.108.40.206 A timber door lined with sheet steel not less than 16 swg., the sheet to be folded round the locking edge of the door and secured to the door structure with non-return screws or dome head bolts if externally lined, or steel screws if internally lined. The fixings to be not more than 125 mm apart (See Illus 4 & 4a)
1.6.3 Hung on good quality hinges. A minimum of two in the case of half height and three if a full height door is fitted.
1.6.4 If the door is outward opening, hinge bolts must be fitted sufficient to retain the door in the event of an attack on the exposed hinge pins.
1.6.5 To be secured by:
220.127.116.11 Two mortise locks to at least BS3621 or its equivalent.
18.104.22.168 Two locks from the HELA Tech doc 26/95. (See note in Appendix B).
22.214.171.124 Driven bolt/multi point locking system, either key or lever operated, providing:
126.96.36.199.1 Three bolts operating equally along the opening edge or opening edge, top and bottom.
188.8.131.52.2 The bolts to provide resistance equal to that in BS3621
184.108.40.206.3 Lever driven system to be secured by a lock to BS3621 or equivalent (See Illus 5 & 6)
1.6.6 Long plate lock boxes, or a 1.6 mm (16 swg) thick bolt protection strip to be fitted to the frame on the opening side.
1.6.7 If the ceiling of the enclosure is accessible from a vulnerable area, e.g. a loft, its security should be enhanced by the fitting of an expanded metal mesh, not less than 4 mm (8 swg) or equivalent. The mesh/grill section size to prevent any of the contents being removed. Secured to the walls of the enclosure or if an alarm is fitted, protected by a device for detecting an attack on the mesh.
1.7 Gun Room.
The adaptation of an existing room within a building which may be considered to be suitable for the security of the firearms, shotguns and ammunition where:
1.7.1 The enclosure does not have any walls of timber and plasterboard construction (studded wall) unless the area has been rendered secure by:
220.127.116.11 The fitting of expanded metal mesh, not less that 4 mm (8 swg) of not greater than 30 mm by 50 mm section, secured to the studding at not more than 300 mm centres by suitable screw fastenings.
18.104.22.168 Where the wall may be subject to sustained attack, consideration should be given to tying the mesh to adjoining walls, floor and ceiling, or mounting in a frame secured to these areas. (See Illus 7).
1.7.2 The room is accessed by an internal door within the building, or door within a protected area.
1.7.3 The door should be, according to risk and location either:
22.214.171.124 A solid core timber barricade or laminated security door of not less than 44 mm thickness.
126.96.36.199 A timber door lined with sheet steel not less than 16 swg, the sheet to be folded round the locking and hanging edge of the door. It should be secured to the door structure with steel screws, non-return on the external surface. The fixings to be not more than 125 mm centres (See Illus 4 & 4a).
188.8.131.52 A door to Loss Prevention Board Standard LPS 1175 Issue 3 or 4, Security Rating 4.
184.108.40.206 A sheet steel door (subject to constructional strength of walls) of either:
220.127.116.11.1 10 mm minimum thickness sheet steel door, or,
18.104.22.168.2 6 mm minimum thickness sheet steel door, stiffened by the provision of a 50 mm by 50 mm by 6 mm steel angle or channel welded as close as possible to the four edges of the door, allowing for a minimum of 20 mm of the door edges to overlay the angle of the frame on an outward opening door. The stiffening to be continuous. (See Illus 8)
1.7.4 Solid timber, security class and steel lined doors must be fitted with good quality steel hinges. At least three to provide the necessary support.
1.7.5 Doors of sheet steel fabrication will need to be:
22.214.171.124 Hung on robust steel hinges continuously welded to the door and door surround. Hinge may be either externally or internally fitted. Doors over 1.5 metres in height should be fitted with not less than 3 hinges. (See Illus Nos. 8,9 & 10).
126.96.36.199 If external hinges are chosen, hinge bolts must be fitted to prevent the door being opened on the hinge side if the hinges have been destroyed/removed. The hinge bolts of not less than 40 mm by 20 mm cross section must be continuously welded to the inner surface on the hanging side of the door. The hinge bolts should fit snugly against the door surround, passing at least 20 mm behind the surround (See Illus Nos. 8,9 & 10)
188.8.131.52 Hinge bolts should be fitted to support each hinge provided on the door and in the case of only two being required, they must be positioned either at or above the level of the upper hinge, and at or below the lower hinge on the door.
184.108.40.206 When a 6 mm door pattern is chosen, steel lock pockets must be fitted so that the edge of the angle is not cut through, but slotted to receive the lock. (See Illus 11)
220.127.116.11 For inward opening doors, lock bolt receivers fabricated to the standards above must be continuously welded to the surround. They should be constructed to permit only necessary play in the door. Their vertical opening should allow for any flexing/expanding the door may need. (See Illus 10).
1.7.6 Solid timber and steel lined doors must be hung in a heavy duty timber frame fitted to the surrounding walls by appropriate fixing devices of not less than 150 mm length at no more than 400 mm centres with such devices not more than 150 mm from the corners.
1.7.7 Steel door frames for up to 6 mm thick steel doors fitted in walls not less than 125 mm thick can be fabricated by 100 mm x 100 mm x 6 mm angle, ideally fitted with the fixings inside the room. If this is not possible, the heads must be welded or splayed to prevent removal.
1.7.8 Steel door surrounds to be fitted in solid or cavity walls not less than 230 mm thick, may be fabricated, dependant upon 6 mm or 10 mm construction of either:
18.104.22.168 100 mm by 75 mm by 6 mm/10 mm steel angle with a 100 mm by 6 mm/10 mm plate continuously welded to the "L" to produce a "T" section frame 200 mm by 75 mm by 6 mm/10 mm.
22.214.171.124 200 mm by 75 mm by 6 mm/10 mm steel "T" section.
126.96.36.199 The surround must be secured by ragbolts or similar high strength masonry devices both on the external and internal faces of the "T" section surround. The outer side ones welded or splayed to prevent removal. The fixings should not be greater than 400 mm apart, and not more than 150 mm from the corners (See Illus Nos. 8,9 & 10).
188.8.131.52 It the door is outward opening, hinge bolts must be fitted sufficient to prevent door failure in the event of an attack on the exposed hinge pins (See Illus Nos. 8 &9).
1.7.9 Gun room doors will be secured by:
184.108.40.206 Two mortice locks to at least BS3621 or its equivalent.
220.127.116.11 Two locks from the HELA Tech doc 26/95.
18.104.22.168 It will be acceptable for a door to be secured by a system of driven boltwork which is to the following standard:
22.214.171.124 The boltwork can be either lever or key driven. (See Illus 5 & 6)
126.96.36.199 The bolts should operate:
188.8.131.52.1 Along the opening edge, driving a minimum of 3 bolts, set equally spaced down that edge, or
184.108.40.206.2 Bolts operating along opening edge, top and bottom, of the door.
220.127.116.11.3 Where the door has no bottom channel or frame, a bolt operating in the lower section of the opening edge of the door to replace that in the preceding paragraph.
18.104.22.168 The boltwork may include driven bolts acting as hinge bolts down the hanging side of the door. The number of such driven bolts must be the same as on a door with fixed hinge bolts.
22.214.171.124 The bolts must be of good quality steel.
126.96.36.199 On solid timber/steel lined doors, the boltwork can either be internally secured to the door or morticed into the door either during construction or at fitting.
188.8.131.52 On sheet steel doors the bolts must be installed either:
184.108.40.206.1 In steel pockets constructed from similar material to the door, continuously welded to the door.
220.127.116.11.2 On a 10 mm plate door, in at least 2 steel carriers constructed from 50 mm by 50 mm by 10 mm steel angle continuously welded to the door plate. (See Illus 6).
18.104.22.168.3 On a 6 mm steel door with framing, the outer carrier may be the existing angle with a 6 mm reinforcing plate welded continuously to the inner face of the angle and extending at least 25 mm above and below the bolt slot top and bottom edges. (See Illus 6).
22.214.171.124 Where round bolts are fitted, the steel angle should be not less than 60 mm on that side through which the bolts pass.
1.7.10 The boltwork must be secured by a lock to BS 3621, engaging into the driving bars. It must effectively detain the whole of the linkage in the locked position when operated. The lock to be fitted in either a steel pocket or carrier, welded to the interior of the door.
1.7.11 In the case of a handle operated system, it must be designed so the handle is of a weak construction and cannot be used to place leverage on the mechanism when the door is locked.
1.7.12 Any handles fitted to either timber or steel doors will be of weak construction to prevent their being used in any attack on the door.
1.7.13 On timber door frames, long plate lock boxes, or a 1.5 mm (16 swg) thick bolt protection strip to be fitted to the frame on the opening side.
1.7.14 If the door is outward opening, an anti-bar strip may be incorporated to frustrate attacks on the locking side.
1.7.15 Where the ceiling of the room is accessible from a vulnerable area, e.g. a loft, its security should be enhanced by the installation of a weldmesh grille secured to the walls of the room or if an alarm is fitted, by a method of detecting any attack at this point.
1.7.16 Ideally, there should be no windows in the gunroom if at ground floor/basement level. Secure ventilation to the following standard would be suitable:
126.96.36.199 The fitting of a steel grille and internal baffle as in Illustration 15; or
188.8.131.52 An arrangement where the internal and external ventilation openings are not in line, the external ventilator facing a solid inner wall for at least the whole of its surface area.
1.7.17 Any windows serving this room should be fitted with either:
184.108.40.206 Steel bars, of not less than 19 mm diameter or section at a maximum of 125 mm vertical centres. Horizontal steel straps or crossbars to be welded to each upright at a maximum of 450 mm spacing to resist jacking. The bars may be individually fitted, grouted in not less than 50 mm and 50 mm from inside edge; or mounted in a steel plate or angle frame fixed to the wall surround at no more than 250 mm centres;or
220.127.116.11 Welded or expanded steel mesh grilles of at least 8 swg (4.5 mm) maximum 50 mm x 50 mm mesh, welded into an angle iron frame and installed as above.
1.8 Armoury Building
a) Building Where a proposal is to construct or adapt a building to provide security for firearms and ammunition to be a stand-alone store, the following criteria can be applied:
1.8.1 Walls: The walls of an armoury should be constructed in any of the following ways, to satisfy the requirements of Part A of the Building Regulations:
1.8.2 Solid reinforced concrete of 250 mm minimum thickness.
1.8.3 Walls of solid bonded brickwork or masonry of 325 mm minimum thickness.
1.8.4 Cavity walls of dense concrete block, brick or stone, not less than 275 mm excluding the cavity. The construction should be an external leaf of 100 mm and an internal leaf of 175 mm minimum thickness.
1.8.5 In an existing solid bonded brick/masonry or cavity wall not fulfilling the requirements of the preceding two paragraphs, one of the following provisions should be selected:
18.104.22.168 Increase the internal leaf material thickness to provide a wall of 275 mm minimum thickness, or,
22.214.171.124 In the case of solid bonded brickwork etc, additional material, bonded to the existing thickness to produce a wall of not less than 325 mm.
126.96.36.199 Fitting of a substantial internal wire mesh reinforcement of not less than 2.3 mm thickness, and of 50 mm by 20 mm maximum mesh size to be fixed either:
188.8.131.52.1 Directly to the wall at 300/400 mm centres with mild steel washers and proprietary fixings or resin anchors. Each sheet should be butt jointed, or,
184.108.40.206.2 To steel angle frame of not less than 50 mm by 50 mm by 3 mm with cross rails at not more than 1.2 metre centres to form an internal lining cage.
1.8.6 Roof/ceiling The roof or ceiling of an armoury should be constructed by any of the following methods:
220.127.116.11 Solid reinforced concrete of 150 mm minimum thickness, tied into the walls. Where this forms the roof of a building, the concrete may be sloped to assist in draining of water. In this case, the thickness at the roof edge shall not be less than 120 mm.
18.104.22.168 Vaulted brickwork or masonry, providing a ceiling of solid materials of not less than 300 mm thickness.
22.214.171.124 In the case of an existing roof/ceiling:
126.96.36.199.1 Upgrading by reinforced concrete to give a resistance comparable with 7.7 6.1, or,
188.8.131.52.2 Fitting of a substantial internal wire reinforcement of not less than 4.5 mm thickness and of 50 mm by 20 mm maximum mesh size.
184.108.40.206 In the case of a ceiling which comprises timber joists supporting a boarded floor above, the fitting of a substantial internal wire mesh reinforcement which is:
220.127.116.11.1 Of not less than 4.5 mm thickness, and of 50 mm by 20 mm maximum mesh size.
18.104.22.168.2 Secured to the floor joists using washers or proprietary steel clips held by screws of not less than 10 gauge giving a penetration into timber of at least 60 mm at not more than 300 mm centres.
22.214.171.124 The reinforcing should be laid so that the mesh, when reaching the edges of the ceiling/roof is either:
126.96.36.199.1 Folded down and secured to the walls with masonry or other heavy duty fixings; or
188.8.131.52.2 Welded onto steel angle which is secured to the wall with masonry of other heavy duty fixings (See Illus 12)
1.8.7 Floor: The floor of an armoury should be constructed either by:
184.108.40.206 Solid reinforced concrete of 150 mm minimum thickness, tied to the walls. Where this forms part of the floor for any other part of the premises, this required thickness need only extend so far as is necessary to ensure the integrity of the bond between walls and the floor of the armoury.
220.127.116.11 Vaulted brickwork or masonry, providing a floor of solid materials of not less than 300 mm thickness.
18.104.22.168 In the case of an existing concrete, brickwork or masonry floor, by the provision of suitable upgrading to ensure that the provisions in the forgoing paragraphs are met.
22.214.171.124 In the case of a existing suspended timber floor:
126.96.36.199.1 Fitting of a sheet steel flooring, not less than 3 mm in thickness, secured to the joists of the floor by screws of not less then 10 gauge giving a penetration into timber of at least 60 mm at not more than 300 mm centres, or,
188.8.131.52.2 Fitting of a substantial internal wire reinforcement of not less than 2.3 mm thickness, and of 50 mm by 20 mm maximum mesh size, the panels to be overlaid by timber flooring of not less than 18 mm thick secured to the floor joists by screws of not less than 10 gauge giving a penetration into the joist timber of at least 60 mm at not more than 300 mm centres. The finished floor being a sandwich of floorboard, mesh, overlaid floorboard. (See Illus 13).
184.108.40.206.3 Laid so that the mesh, when reaching the edges of the floor is either:
220.127.116.11.3.1 Folded up and secured to the walls with masonry or other heavy duty fixings; or
18.104.22.168.3.2 Welded onto steel angle which is secured to the wall with masonry of other heavy duty fixings.
22.214.171.124 Any adaptation of existing floors must be calculated to ensure that the work proposed does not compromise the strength of the existing timbers or supports.
1.8.8 Doors: The door or doors and surround of an armoury, will be constructed as follows:
126.96.36.199 Doors will be of sheet steel and fabricated either as a:
188.8.131.52.1 10 mm minimum thickness sheet steel door, or,
184.108.40.206.2 6 mm minimum thickness sheet steel door, stiffened by the provision of a 50 mm by 50 mm by 6 mm steel angle or channel welded as close as possible to the four edges of the door, allowing for a minimum of 20 mm of the door edges to overlay the angle of the frame on an outward opening door. The stiffening to be continuous and unbroken. (See Illus 8).
1.8.9 Doors of either fabrication will be:
220.127.116.11 Hung on robust steel hinges continuously welded to the door and door surround. Hinges may be either externally or internally fitted. Doors over 1.5 metres in height should be fitted with not less than 3 hinges. (See Illus Nos. 8,9,10 & 14).
18.104.22.168 If external hinges are chosen, hinge bolts must be fitted to prevent the door failing if the hinges have been destroyed/removed. Hinge bolts of not less than 40 mm by 20 mm cross section must be continuously welded to the inner surface on the hinge side of the door. The hinge bolts should fit snugly against the door surround, passing at least 20 mm behind the surround (See Illus Nos. 8,9,10 & 14).
22.214.171.124 Hinge bolts should be fitted to support each hinge provided on the door and in the case of only two being required, they must be positioned either at or above the level of the upper hinge, and at or below the lower hinge on the door.
126.96.36.199 Doors will be secured by at least two multi lever mortice locks which comply to:
188.8.131.52.1 British Standard 3621, or
184.108.40.206.2 HELA Tech Doc 26/95 or other recognised equivalent.
220.127.116.11.3 The locks must have a minimum 20 mm bolt throw, measured from the face of the lock.
18.104.22.168.4 Doors over 1.5 metres in height should be fitted with 3 locks (See Illus 8)
22.214.171.124 It will be acceptable for a door to be secured by a system of driven boltwork which is to the following standard:
126.96.36.199.1 The boltwork will be either lever or key driven. (See Illus 6).
188.8.131.52.2 The bolts will operate:
184.108.40.206.2.1 Along the opening edge, driving a minimum of 3 bolts, set equally spaced down that edge.
220.127.116.11.2.2 There should be a minimum of 1 bolt operating along the top.
18.104.22.168.2.3 Where the door has a bottom channel forming part of the frame, a minimum of one bolt operating along the bottom.
22.214.171.124.3 The boltwork may include driven bolts acting as hinge bolts down the hanging side of the door. The number of such driven bolts must be the same as on a door with fixed hinge bolts
126.96.36.199.4 The bolts must be of good quality steel, not less than 20 mm diameter round bar or 20 mm by 30 mm cross section bar. The bolts must pass not less than 20 mm behind the frame when operated
188.8.131.52.5 The bolts must be installed either:
184.108.40.206.5.1 In steel pockets constructed and fitted to the standard for lock pockets provided in section 7.7.9
220.127.116.11.5.2 On a 10 mm plate door, in at least 2 steel carriers constructed from 50 mm by 50 mm by 10 mm steel angle continuously welded to the door plate. (See Illustration No 6).
18.104.22.168.5.3 On a 6 mm steel door with framing, the outer carrier may be the existing angle with a 6 mm reinforcing plate welded continuously to the inner face of the angle and extending at least 25 mm above and below the bolt slot top and bottom edges. (See Illustration No. 6).
22.214.171.124.6 Where round bolts are fitted, the steel angle should be not less than 60 mm on that side through which the bolts pass.
126.96.36.199.7 The boltwork must be secured by two locks of the types specified in section 7.7.9, engaging into the driving bars at two separate locations within the driving linkage. It must effectively detain the whole of the linkage in the locked position when operated. The locks to be fitted in reinforced pockets, welded to the interior of the door.
188.8.131.52.8 In the case of a handle operated system, it must be designed so that the handle is of a weak construction and cannot be used to place leverage on the mechanism when the door is locked.
1.8.10 Locks will be enclosed in steel lock pockets which are continuously welded to the door. The two side plates should have a thickness of 6 mm. The top and bottom edges should be steel blocks which are of a size to allow the lock to fit snugly into the pocket and provide sufficient height for the lock screws to be tapped into them. (See Illus 11)
1.8.11 Lock pockets should be positioned as close as possible to the vertical edge of the door, while permitting the door to be opened without obstruction. When in the thrown position, the bolt of the lock should pass into a hole cut for this purpose in the steel angle stiffener fitted to the adjacent part of the surround of the door. The size of the hole should be such that it forms a snug fitting for the lock bolt and does not permit any movement of the door when locked.
1.8.12 If a Banham M 7 EXP or Chubb 3G 317 lock is fitted, it must be protected by an anti-drilling plate. This plate can be built into the lock pocket or may be welded on to the outside of the door.
1.8.13 When the 6 mm door pattern is chosen, the lock pockets must be fitted so that the edge of the angle is not cut through, but slotted to receive the pocket. (See Illus 11)
1.8.14 For Inward opening doors, lock bolt receivers fabricated to the standards above must be continuously welded to the surround. They should be constructed to permit only necessary play in the door. Their vertical opening should allow for any flexing/expanding the door may need. (See Illus 10)
1.8.15 Door handles should be of weak construction to prevent their being used in any attack on the door.
1.8.16 Door surrounds may be fabricated of either:
184.108.40.206 100 mm by 75 mm by 10 mm steel angle with a 100 mm by 10 mm plate continuously welded to the "L" to produce a "T" section frame 200 mm by 75 mm by 10 mm.
220.127.116.11 200 mm by 75 mm by 10 mm steel "T" section.
1.8.17 The surround must be secured by ragbolts or similar high strength masonry devices both on the external and internal faces of the "T" section surround. The fixings should not be greater than 400 mm apart, and not more than 150 mm from the corners (See Illus Nos 9 &10).
1.8.18 The surround should be constructed to ensure that the edges of an outward opening door overlap the receiving face of the frame by at least 20 mm (See Illus 9 & 14).
1.8.19 If a double door unit is required, then the following additional items are required:
18.104.22.168 The first closing leaf should have bolts fitted with a diameter or respective sides not less than 20 mm. The bolt cases should be welded to the internal faces, top and bottom, engaging behind the frame or into a strong steel housing for a distance of not less than 20 mm
22.214.171.124 A flat steel strip should be welded the length of the edge of the first closing leaf to provide a rest-point for the second door and conceal the location of the lock bolts.
126.96.36.199 The doors will require a minimum of three locks.
1.8.20 Ventilation/lighting. Unless specifically required for air circulation, control of moisture etc there should be no ventilation openings in the armoury.
1.8.21 In adapting existing premises, windows and other ventilation provisions should be removed and the opening made good to the level of the surrounding masonry etc.
1.8.22 Where ventilation is specifically required, the preferred options are:
188.8.131.52 Ventilation in a wall already within another part of the premises.
184.108.40.206 Secure staggered ventilation in an external wall
1.8.23 Ventilation openings should be constructed in the following way:
220.127.116.11 External openings of all ventilation ducts or openings will be protected by metal grilles of not less than 2.5 mm steel plate, secured into the surrounding walls with non-return fixings or ragbolts not less than 75 mm long and 15 mm dia. fitted, dependent upon the type of ventilation opening to conform to Illus 15.
1.8.24 The course of a ventilation opening must either be:
18.104.22.168 In solid walls, ventilation shafts must be staggered upwards or sloped from outside. The inner opening(s) must be protected by the provision of a steel baffle plate of not less than 6 mm steel plate mounted so that the plate overlaps its fixing bolts by at least 25 mm in each direction. Ragbolts of not less than 20 mm dia. must be anchored into the walls at not less than 230 mm from each side of the opening. The plate should stand off from the surface of the wall by not more than 50 mm (See Illus 15).
22.214.171.124 Cavity walls should be so constructed that the openings in the outside and inside sections of the wall are not in direct alignment vertically or horizontally with one another. In this arrangement, the external opening should be placed below the line of the internal opening.
126.96.36.199 In an existing cavity wall constructed with a 'straight through' ventilation opening, the inner opening may either be:
188.8.131.52.1 Bricked up, with the brickwork being tied to the surrounds to ensure uniform strength. A new internal opening then being formed to comply with the above or,
184.108.40.206.2 The provision of an internal steel baffle as specified above and external metal grille (See Illus No 15).
220.127.116.11 Where vents form part of piped connections in an air conditioning or circulation system which is operated by powered fans or similar electrical arrangements which do not give direct passage between the armoury wall(s) and the outside of the building, then it will be sufficient to provide protection to the immediate point of entry to the armoury.
1.8.25 Lighting should be provided to ensure that persons in the armoury can operate safely and securely. Any lighting system must provide sufficient illumination in the armoury to allow for proper supervision. Enclosed fittings must be used in such areas.
1.8.26 A system of secondary lighting, to comply with the requirements of BS5266, must be provided in the event of a power failure.
1.8.27 In the event of any person being closed in the armoury, there must be an alarm fitted within the armoury to give indication outside that this has occurred
b) Armoury Steel:
The following should be considered with a steel armoury manufactured to the standards of HELA Tech 26/95, where the material is not less than 10 mm.
1.8.28 As a general principal, such a unit should be protected from the weather. The provision of a weather resistant surround, e.g., timber building, could reduce the necessary maintenance and assist in reducing the internal temperature variations which such metal enclosures generate.
1.8.29 The general principles applying to the fabrication of a steel armoury are:
18.104.22.168 Constructed from Mild Steel plate to BSEN 10025 FE 430 A or equivalent.
22.214.171.124 Welding to be completed to a Welding Approved Accreditable Recognised Standard such as EN 287 ASME Section 9 or equivalent.
126.96.36.199 Each unit should be fitted with strong, steel channels securely welded to the base. At four points, suitably-spaced holes should be drilled through the channel and the adjacent parts of the steel base. The diameter of these holes should be just sufficient to accept a 20 mm diameter bolt. The unit should stand on a base of good quality concrete at least 300 mm thick. The 20 mm ragbolts should be fixed firmly to a depth of at least 150 mm. The threaded upper ends of the bolts should pass through the holes in the steel channel and terminate just below the wooden floor level. The concrete base should be thoroughly cured before fixing the unit in position, otherwise distortion can occur and doors may not fit properly. (See Illustration 16).
188.8.131.52 The opening for the door should be stiffened by steel angles of dimensions 50 mm x 50 mm x 6 mm welded to the walls in such positions that, when the door is in the closed position, its inner surfaces meet at the top and at the two vertical sides for a distance of about 20 mm inwards from the edge. The horizontal parts of the framework may, alternatively, be stiffened by a steel bar, 10 mm - 15 mm thick, welded to the inner surface of the roof and, at each end, to the walls on either side of the door. Illustration 17 depicts suitable arrangements.
184.108.40.206 The door should be of a minimum 10 mm thick steel plate, and should be stiffened by the provision of steel angles or channel (50 mm x 50 mm x 6 mm) welded to the inner surfaces of the door as close to the four edges as possible. This angle should be continuous and unbroken. Illustration 18 shows a suitable arrangement.
220.127.116.11 The door should hang by means of robust steel hinges continuously welded both to the door and to the door surround. The hinges may be fitted internally or externally.
18.104.22.168 For doors with external hinges, a number of hinge bolts should be provided. Hinge bolts should be continuously welded to the inner surface at the hinge side of the door and extend to a distance of at least 20 mm behind the door surround. When the door is in a closed position, the hinge bolts should fit snugly against the door surround. The cross-sectional areas of the hinge bolts should be no less than 40 mm x 20 mm. The upper hinge bolts should be positioned at or above the level of the hinge; with lower hinge bolts at or below the level of the lower hinge. The number of hinge bolts fitted should be dependent on the height of the door, but in no case should there be fewer than two. Where there are more than two, it is desirable that they be equally spaced.
22.214.171.124 The door must fit flush with the walls and any gaps around the door must be the minimum necessary to permit the door to open and close freely.
126.96.36.199 Some manufacturers fit internal hinges. The design of these hinges should be such that they will not straighten if subjected to a lever-attack on the hinge side of the door. Illustration 14 gives an indication of a suitable hinge and the means by which it may be fixed to the door surround. It should be noted that, in order to provide additional strength, the hinge is also welded to the adjacent parts of the steel angle stiffening pieces.
188.8.131.52 At least two hinges must be fitted. Doors with a height of 1.5 m or over should be fitted with three hinges, whether they be internal or external.
184.108.40.206 The door should be secured by at least two mortice locks as specified for steel doors in buildings constructed as armouries
220.127.116.11 Each lock should be enclosed within a steel lock pocket, fabricated and fitted as specified for steel doors in buildings constructed as armouries
18.104.22.168 The end of the lock bolt should be protected by means of a piece of 6 mm steel angle or plate welded across the door surround stiffening angle in such a position to prevent end-on attack on the bolt. (See Illustration 14).
1.8.30 Door handles should be of weak construction to prevent their being used to assist in an attack on the door.
1.8.31 Where, for safety reasons a steel unit must be ventilated, the simplest form of ventilation is a number of 5 mm diameter holes drilled through the front and rear walls of the unit. Whatever form of ventilation is used, it should be protected by a 6 mm thick steel cover-plate welded to the outside of the walls, covering the area of the ventilation holes and open only at the bottom. (See Illus 15).
1.8.32 All steel armouries should be lined with timber walls, floor and ceiling, of at least flooring strength, fitted to timber bearers to allow at least 75 mm air gap between steel wall and inner surface. Where increased resistance is deemed necessary, a metal mash liner as previously defined can be installed between timber walls and the backs of any racks or weapon cabinets fitted inside the armoury. An example is shown in Illustration 20.
The following requirements are applicable to Armouries of any construction where circumstances warrant an enhanced level of security.
Internal Firearms Security:
1.9 Within any armoury there should be provided a system for secure separation of individual persons firearms, where there is more than one user. This may be achieved by: (See Illus 20)
1.9.1 Individual lockers or cabinets for each person sharing the facility.
1.9.2 Weapon racks with individually locked anchored chain or security cord.
22.214.171.124 Wiremesh cages or weapon racks with separate lock ( for multiple weapons, i.e. clubs sharing same facility)
Alarming (where audible or monitored alarms are considered appropriate):
1.10 The armoury and all areas deemed part of a "secured area" will be protected by an intruder alarm installed to at least British Standard 4737, by a compliant installer acceptable to the chief officer of police.
1.10.1 The alarm should be so designed and installed that its components and system will:
126.96.36.199 Detect any physical attack on the structure of an armoury at the time the attack commences on the outer surfaces.
188.8.131.52 On all other secured areas, provide detection by suitable motion detection devices.
184.108.40.206 Provide signalling by a secured and monitored system to the standard acceptable by the local chief officer of police.
220.127.116.11 For safety alarms activated by a person locked inside a secured area, provide audible warning which, if not cancelled within safety time, signal out to the monitoring station or police.
18.104.22.168 Provide either fixed or wirefree devices ("panic" buttons or pendants) for signalling personal attack on persons on or at the premises.
22.214.171.124 Provide silent duress coding in the event of a forced disarming of the system.
126.96.36.199 Give suitable local visual and audible warning that an attack on the premises has been detected.
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