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The Countries of the UK

The top-level division of administrative geography in the UK is the following 4 countries:

As well as the national government at Westminster, there are also devolved administrations in Edinburgh, Cardiff and Belfast.

The UK and its Countries: Facts and Figures
    UK England Scotland Wales Northern
Ireland

Area (km2)   243,305 130,395 78,313 20,754 13,843
Population*
(millions)
  59.8 50.0 5.1 2.9 1.7
Popn. density*
(per km2)
  246 383 65 142 123
Highest
Mountain
  Ben Nevis
(1343m)
Scafell Pike
(977m)
Ben Nevis
(1343m)
Snowdon
(1085m)
Slieve Donard
(852m)
Longest
River
  Severn**
(354km)
Thames
(346km)
Tay/Tummel
(188km)
Usk
(136km)
Bann
(122km)
Largest
Lake
  Lough Neagh
(381.7km2)
Windermere
(14.7km2)
Loch Lomond
(71.1km2)
Lake Vyrnwy
(4.5km2)
Lough Neagh
(381.7km2)

*Mid-2000 population estimates.
** The Severn rises in Wales and flows through England to its estuary in the Bristol Channel.
The Thames and the Usk are the longest rivers entirely in England and Wales respectively.

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This page last revised: Friday, 3 May 2002

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