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Net migration to the UK was 298,000 in the year ending September 2014, according to the latest provisional estimates

ONS estimates of Long-Term International Migration for the year ending September 2014

What is a long-term international migrant?

A long-term international migrant is defined as someone who moves to a country other than that of his or her usual residence for a period of at least a year, so that the country of destination effectively becomes his or her new country of usual residence. From the perspective of the country of departure, the person will be a long-term emigrant and from the perspective of the country of arrival, the person will be a long-term immigrant.

What is net migration?

Net migration is the difference between people moving into the UK (immigration) and people moving out of the UK (emigration). If net migration is positive then it means that more people have moved to live in the UK than have left to live elsewhere.

What are the latest headline figures?

The latest ONS provisional estimates of Long Term International Migration (LTIM) show that net migration stood at 298,000 in the year ending September 2014. This is up from 210,000 in the year ending September 2013. This is a statistically significant increase1.

624,000 people immigrated to the UK in the year ending September 2014, a statistically significant increase compared with 530,000 in the previous year. Emigration was stable with 327,000 people leaving the UK in the year ending September 2014 compared with 320,000 in the previous year.

Total Long-Term International Migration estimates, UK, 2004 to 2014

Total Long-Term International Migration estimates, UK, 2004 to 2014
Source: Long-term International Migration - Office for National Statistics

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The chart shows rolling annual estimates from the year ending December 2004 onwards. Figures for the years ending March, June and September 2014 are provisional. All other figures are final estimates of LTIM.

Who is migrating to the UK?

Immigration into the UK for the year ending September 2014

Immigration into the UK for the year ending September 2014

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Net migration of EU citizens has increased

Immigration of EU citizens (excluding British citizens) to the UK in the year ending September 2014 was 251,000, a statistically significant increase from 208,000 the previous year. Emigration of EU citizens from the UK remained broadly similar over the same period, meaning that net migration of EU citizens saw an increase to 162,000 from 130,000 the previous year.

Net migration of non-EU citizens has increased

The latest estimates of immigration of non-EU citizens show 292,000 non-EU citizens immigrating to the UK in the year ending September 2014, a statistically significant increase from 243,000 in the previous year. Net migration of non-EU citizens also showed a statistically significant increase to 190,000 in the year ending September 2014, from 138,000 in the previous year.

Why are people immigrating to the UK?

The most common reason for migrating to the UK is work. This has been the case historically, with the exception of 2009 to 2012, when formal study was the most common main reason for migration.

In the year ending September 2014, a total of 271,000 immigrated for work-related reasons. This is a statistically significant increase from the previous year when 217,000 people immigrated for work-related reasons. Of those immigrating for work-related reasons in the year ending September 2014, 62% (167,000) came with a definite job to go to and 38% (104,000) came to look for work.

There were increases in immigration for work amongst EU citizens and non-EU citizens. Provisional estimates from the International Passenger Survey (IPS) show that 57% (147,000) of those immigrating for work-related reasons were EU citizens (excluding British citizens). 25% (66,000) were non-EU citizens, which was a statistically significant increase from 42,000 the previous year.

The second most common reason for immigrating to the UK was formal study. In the year ending September 2014, a total of 192,000 people immigrated to the UK for formal study. Provisional estimates from the International Passenger Survey (IPS) show that the majority (133,000 or 72%) were non-EU citizens while 46,000 (25%) were EU citizens (excluding British citizens).

In the year ending September 2014, a total of 90,000 people arrived in the UK to accompany/join others. This was a statistically significant increase from 66,000 the previous year. Provisional estimates from the International Passenger Survey (IPS) show that the majority (55,000 or 63%) were non-EU citizens while 22,000 (25%) were EU citizens (excluding British citizens).

Reasons for Immigrating into the UK, 2004 to 2014

Reasons for Immigrating into the UK, 2004 to 2014

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Figures for the years ending March, June and September 2014 are provisional rolling quarterly estimates.

Where can I get more information about migration?

These statistics were analysed by the Migration Statistics Unit at ONS. Long-Term International Migration estimates are based largely on data from the International Passenger Survey, carried out by ONS. If you would like to find out more about the latest international migration statistics, you can read the Migration Statistics Quarterly Report or visit our international migration page. If you have any comments or suggestions, we would like to hear them. Please email us at: migstatsunit@ons.gov.uk

Notes

1. A change between two estimates is described as ‘statistically significant’ when statistical tests have been carried out to reject the possibility that the change has occurred by chance. For more information about statistical significance, please refer to section 4 of the Long-Term International Migration Frequently Asked Questions and Background Notes (453.1 Kb Pdf) .

Categories: Population, Migration, International Migration
Content from the Office for National Statistics.
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