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The Titanic and society - a century of change

Released: 11 April 2012 Download PDF

To mark the anniversary of the sinking of the Titanic, ONS has dug into its archives to look at statistics spanning the century.

We have compared data from 1911 with data from 2011 (or the nearest year available) to show the changing shape of society in England and Wales.

The 1911 data comes from the 74th Annual Report of the Registrar-General of Births, Deaths and Marriages in England and Wales.

All data in this email applies to England and Wales only, apart from the 2010 population figures which refers to the UK.

Population 1911: 36,070,492
Population 2010: 62,262,000

Births 1911: 881,138
(To note, 843,505 were classed as 'legitimate', and 37,633 were 'illegitimate'. In proportion to the total population of both sexes and all ages, the total births were equal to a rate of 24.4 per 1,000 living; this rate was 0.7 per 1,000 less than that recorded in 1910).
Births 2010: 723,165
(To note, births are now classed as either within marriage/ civil partnership or outside marriage/ civil partnership. The total number of live births within marriage/civil partnership was 384,375 and total number of live births outside marriage/civil partnership was 338,790. The crude birth rate (all births per 1,000 population of all ages), was 13.1).

Deaths 1911: 527,810
There were 527,810 deaths registered in England and Wales in 1911. Of these 272,512 were males and 255,298 females.
Deaths 2010: 493,242
There were 493,242 deaths registered in England and Wales in 2010. Of these 237,916 were males and 255,326 females.

Marriages 1911: 274,943
The Registrar General's report for 1911 noted that marriages in England and Wales during the year 1911 numbered 274,943, corresponding to a rate of 15.2 persons married per 1,000 of the population at all ages. This rate was 0.2 per 1,000 above the corresponding rate in 1910 and 0.3 below the average rate in the ten years 1901-1910.
Marriages 2010 (provisional): 241,100
The provisional number of marriages registered in England and Wales rose by 3.7 per cent in 2010 to 241,100, compared with 232,443 in 2009. The provisional marriage figure for 2010 represents the largest percentage increase in marriages since the 5.7 per cent rise recorded between 2002 and 2003.
In 2010, the provisional general marriage rate (GMR) in England and Wales increased to 8.7 persons marrying per thousand unmarried population aged 16 and over, from 8.5 in 2009, however remains lower than in 2000 when the GMR was 10.3. This is due to the combination of an increase in the provisional number of marriages in 2010 and a slight rise in the number of unmarried adults.

Divorces 1911: 580
The Registrar-General's report for 1911 read: 'The number of persons divorced annually has been increasing for many years, but was smaller in 1911 than in any year since 1906. The marriages of persons described as divorced have also steadily increased, reaching a maximum of 737 in 1909 and declining to 710 in 1910, and further to 702 in 1911.'
Divorces 2010: 119,589
The number of divorces in England and Wales rose by 4.9 per cent in 2010 to 119,589 compared with 113,949 in 2009. This is the first annual increase in divorces since 2003 when there were 153,065 divorces (up from 147,735 in 2002).
In 2010 the divorce rate in England and Wales increased by 5.7 per cent to 11.1 divorcing people per thousand married population, compared with 10.5 in 2009.

Background notes

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