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Release: 2011 Census, Workday Population Statistics for Output Areas in England and Wales (Part 1)

Released: 31 October 2013


Peter Stokes

2011 Census

Telephone: +44 (0)1329 444972

Categories: Population, Population Change, Population Estimates, Population Estimates by Age and Sex, Health and Social Care, Health of the Population, Disability and Self-reported Health, People and Places, People, Identity, Language, Labour Market, People in Work, Employment

Frequency of release: Decennial

Language: English

Geographical coverage: England and Wales

Geographical breakdown: Output Area

Survey name(s): Census

  • The largest gains from usually resident to workday populations were for City of London (56 fold increase) and Westminster (almost three fold increase).

  • Numerical increases in excess of 100,000 for workday population compared to usually resident population were seen in five local authorities (LAs): Westminster, City of London, Camden, Tower Hamlets and Manchester.

  • Eight of the twenty LAs experiencing the largest percentage decrease in workday population compared to their usually resident population were London boroughs on the periphery of the capital’s commercial centre containing residential zones for commuters.

  • Six inner London boroughs had workday population densities that exceeded the highest level of usually resident population density for LAs in England and Wales (111 persons per hectare in Islington). These were City of London, Westminster, Tower Hamlets, Camden, Islington and Kensington and Chelsea.

  • Sex ratios of workday populations can vary greatly compared to those of usually resident populations. The largest difference in 2011 was for North Warwickshire where the workday sex ratio was 133 males per 100 females, compared to 99 males per 100 females for its usually resident population. This reflects the area’s automotive and mining industries.

This release provides 2011 census estimates on the population and characteristics of the workday population, an alternative 2011 Census output base for England and Wales.  The tables refer to the workday population on 27 March 2011.

The tables in this release provide information on some of the key characteristics of the workday population of England and Wales such as population size, general health, religion and ethnic group. There are 13 tables in total in this release - 12 tables are available for Output Areas (OA) and 1 table is available for Middle Layer Super Output Areas (MSOA) in England and Wales.

The release is supported by the analysis ‘The Workday Population of England and Wales: an alternative 2011 Census output base’ which provides commentary and analysis of the workday population of England and Wales by age, sex and geographic area.  The release is further supported by interactive maps and population pyramids which illustrate how the workday population of an area compares to the usually resident population.

Please note: The population pyramids were withdrawn temporarily to address a coding issue on 7/11/2013. It will be available again as soon as possible.

The workday population is a redistribution of the usually resident population to their place of work, while residents who are not in work remain at their area of residence.  The workday population of an area is defined as “all usual residents aged 16 and above who are in employment and whose workplace is in the area, and all other usual residents of any age who are not in employment but are resident in the area”.  People who work mainly at or from home or do not have a fixed place of work are included in the area of their usual residence.  The following population groups are excluded from the workday population of an area:

  • Those living in England and Wales but working in Scotland, Northern Ireland, outside the UK or on offshore installations,

  • Those with a place of work in England and Wales but who are not usually resident in England and Wales, and

  • Short-term residents

The set of workday population tables are designed to be as comparable as possible with previously published Quick Statistics tables on the usual residence population base. The majority of workday population tables are therefore based on published Quick Statistics tables and use the same or comparable breakdown of classifications. All tables are univariate with the exception of one table showing population by single year of age and sex, and show information for a single census variable or topic for the workday population.

ONS has also released today further census estimates on the Short-term Resident Population for Local Authorities in England and Wales.

All tables in this release are available from the Nomis website. Each table can be accessed directly using the links in the reference table (40.5 Kb Excel sheet) .

Information about OAs, MSOAs and other geographic areas is available from ONS Geography.

Further information about the census estimates, including details about the methodology used and information about how other population sub-groups are counted and defined, is available in the 2011 Census user guide.

Further information on the fitness for purpose of the statistics in this release can be found in the Quality and Methodology Information paper (157.6 Kb Pdf) .

These National Statistics are produced to high professional standards and released according to the arrangements approved by the UK Statistics Authority.

Content from the Office for National Statistics.
© Crown Copyright applies unless otherwise stated.