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Release: 2011 Census, Short-term Residents for Local Authorities in England and Wales

Released: 26 March 2013


Peter Stokes

2011 Census

Telephone: +44 (0)1329 444972

Categories: Population, Migration, International Migration, Short-term Migrants

Frequency of release: Decennial

Language: English

Geographical coverage: England and Wales

Geographical breakdown: Local Authority and County

Survey name(s): Census

  • The 2011 Census recorded 195,000 non-UK born short-term residents (STRs) in England and Wales; this is 35 STRs per 10,000 usual residents. The ratio for London was more than twice the national level at 84 STRs per 10,000 usual residents.

  • Nearly 70 per cent (135,000) of STRs were aged 15 to 29; in the usual resident population, those aged 15 to 29 accounted for 20 per cent (11.2 million).

  • India, China and the United States are the three most popular countries for both country of birth and passports held for STRs. 

  • London (69,000) and the South East (28,000) together contained 50 per cent of the non-UK born short-term resident population in England and Wales, whereas these two regions accounted for 30 per cent of the usually resident population.

  • Full-time students accounted for over half (55 per cent) of all non-UK born STRs aged 16 and over in 2011.

This release contains new tables providing information on some of the characteristics of non-UK born short-term residents living in England and Wales on 27 March 2011.

A non-UK born short-term resident is defined as anyone living in England and Wales who was born outside the UK, who intended to stay in the UK for a period of between 3 and 12 months.

This release includes four separate tables which provide, down to local authority level:

  • The sex and age of non-UK born short-term residents (five-year age group).

  • The country of birth of non-UK born short-term residents.

  • The passports held by non-UK born short-term residents.

  • The economic activity of non-UK born short-term residents.

An interactive map is available, showing the location of non-UK born short-term residents across England and Wales

This release also includes one table at England and Wales level:

  • The sex and age of non-UK born short-term residents (single year of age)

This release does not include:

  • Information on short-term migrants (a short-term migrant is defined as someone who changes their country of usual residence for between 3 and 12 months for the purpose of work or study. This includes UK-born people who usually live overseas and return to the UK for a short period)

As this is the first time these data have been collected in the census, no comparison can be made with previous censuses.

Commentary and analysis of the census estimates in the tables included in this release are provided in the analysis 'Non-UK Born Short-Term Residents in England and Wales 2011'. 

A reconciliation report will be published by ONS in May 2013 that addresses differences between the census non-UK born short-term resident estimates and short-term migration estimates.

Further information about the census estimates, including details about the methodology used and information about how other population sub-groups are counted and defined, is available in the 2011 Census user guide.

Further information on the fitness for purpose of the statistics in this release can be found in the Quality and Methodology Information paper.


These National Statistics are produced to high professional standards and released according to the arrangements approved by the UK Statistics Authority.

Content from the Office for National Statistics.
© Crown Copyright applies unless otherwise stated.