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Release: Population Estimates for England and Wales, Mid-2012

Released: 26 June 2013


Pete Large

Population Estimates Unit

Telephone: +44 (0) 1329 444661

Categories: Population, Population Change, Population Estimates, Population Estimates by Age and Sex

Frequency of release: Ad-hoc

Language: English

Geographical coverage: England and Wales

Geographical breakdown: Local Authority and County

  • The population of England and Wales was estimated to be 56,567,800 in mid-2012, with the population of England being 53,493,700 and the population of Wales being 3,074,100.

  • The population of England and Wales grew by 396,900 (0.7%) in the year to 30 June 2012.  This growth is about average to that seen over each of the last 10 years.

  • In England and Wales there were 729,400 births and 490,300 deaths occurring in the year to 30 June 2012.  This is the largest number of births seen since the year to mid-1972.  The number of deaths increased slightly on the year to mid-2011.

  • The estimated flow of international migrants to England and Wales in the year to 30 June 2012 was 468,900 and estimated outflow for the same period was 313,500.  This means that net migration at 155,500 in the year to mid-2012 is lower than that seen in recent years.

  • The population increase in England and Wales in the year to 30 June 2012 was caused by there being 239,100 more births than deaths (60% of the increase) and 155,500 more international migrants arriving than emigrants leaving (39% of the increase), with moves within the UK accounting for the remainder.

  • The mid-2012 population of England and Wales ranks fourth, behind Germany, France and Italy when compared to the 26 member states of the European Union (excluding the UK).

  • The absolute increase in population of England and Wales was greater than that of any other European Union member state (excluding the UK) during the 12 months to 30 June 2012.

Mid-2012 population estimates are available at England and Wales level and subnationally (local authority) by single year of age and sex. These include additional detailed components of population change. The Population Estimates reflect the local authority administrative boundaries that were in place on 30 June of the reference year.

Supporting Material

Population Estimates for England and Wales: Methodology Guide

Quality and Methodology Information


Mid-2002 to Mid-2010 Revised (National)

Mid-2002 to Mid-2010 Revised (Subnational)

Mid-2011 (2011 Census-based) Population Estimates 

Mid-2001 Population Estimates

Mid-1991 to Mid-2000 Population Estimates

Mid-1982 to Mid 1990 Population Estimates

Mid-1981 Population Estimates

These National Statistics are produced to high professional standards and released according to the arrangements approved by the UK Statistics Authority.

Content from the Office for National Statistics.
© Crown Copyright applies unless otherwise stated.