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Release: National Life Tables, 2010-2012

Released: 24 October 2013


Julie Mills

Demographic Analysis Unit

Telephone: +44 (0)1329 444681

Categories: Population, Ageing, Older People, Life Expectancies, Deaths, Interim Life Tables, Life Tables

Frequency of release: Annually

Language: English

Geographical coverage: England and Wales

Geographical breakdown: Country


Please note that a processing error was found in key point 3. This was updated at 14.00 on 24/10/2013. ONS apologises for any inconvenience caused.

Key points

The key points from this release are:
  • Life expectancy at birth in England and Wales in 2010-2012 was 79.0 for boys and 82.8 for girls.

  • The gap between life expectancy at birth between boys and girls has narrowed from six years in 1980-1982 to under four years in 2010-2012.

  • Over the last thirty years life expectancy at birth for boys and girls has increased by 4.6 hours per day for females and 6.3 hours per day for males.

  • Life expectancies for men at age 65 and at age 85 in England and Wales reached 18.3 years and 5.8 years respectively in 2010-2012.

  • For women in England and Wales life expectancy reached 20.9 years at age 65 and 6.8 years at age 85 in 2010-2012.

The Interim life tables 1980-1982 to 2010-2012 including revised tables for 2000-2002 to 2008-2010, for the United Kingdom (UK) and constituent countries have now all been published together in one location. The Interim life tables will now be known as the National life tables, no changes have been made to the way the tables are calculated.

Interim life tables, which are produced annually for the UK and its constituent countries, give statistics on period life expectancy by age and sex. A ‘period’ life expectancy is the average number of additional years a person would live if he or she experienced the age-specific mortality rates of the given area and time period for the rest of their life. Each interim life table is based on population estimates, births data and deaths data for a period of three consecutive years. They are known as interim life tables since fully graduated or smoothed life tables are also prepared every ten years, based on data around a census year. A guide to calculating interim life tables is available and gives a summary of the methodology used to produce these life tables.

This release focuses on England and Wales as a whole and England and Wales as separate countries. The release does not include figures for the UK or Great Britain (GB), because the population estimates for 2002-2010 based on the 2011 Census are not yet available for all constituent countries.

The Interim life tables 2010-2012, 2009-2011, and revised tables 2000-2002 to 2008-2010, for the United Kingdom (UK) and Great Britain (GB) will be published Spring 2014.

Also released today: Life Expectancy at Birth and at Age 65 by Local Areas in England and Wales - 2010-2012

These National Statistics are produced to high professional standards and released according to the arrangements approved by the UK Statistics Authority.

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