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Release: 2011 Census, Detailed Characteristics for Local Authorities in England and Wales

Released: 16 May 2013


Peter Stokes

2011 Census

Telephone: +44 (0)1329 444972

Categories: Population, Migration, International Migration, Labour Market, People in Work, Employment, People not in Work, Economic Inactivity, Health and Social Care, Health of the Population, Disability and Self-reported Health, Population Estimates, Population Estimates by Age and Sex, People and Places, People, Identity, Language, Households, Number of Households

Frequency of release: Decennial

Language: English

Geographical coverage: England and Wales

Geographical breakdown: Local Authority and County

Survey name(s): Census

  • White: Irish was the oldest ethnic group, with a median age of 53, compared to the national median of 39.  People in the White: British ethnic group had a median age of 42.

  • People in mixed ethnic groups had the lowest median ages, with the Mixed: White and Black African having a median age of 16.

  • People with a White: British, White: Gypsy or Irish Traveller or Mixed ethnic group were more likely to record a UK country specific (such as English or Welsh) national identity, whereas other ethnic groups were more likely to record their national identity as "British".

  • The White: other and White: Irish had the lowest proportion within their ethnic group associating with any of the UK national identities – 22 per cent and 39 per cent respectively.

  • Almost half (46 per cent, 3.4 million) of those born outside the UK held a UK passport in 2011.

  • Of the population who did not speak English as a first language, those in the younger age groups were most likely to speak English well, with 93 per cent (154,000) of 10-14 year olds speaking it well, compared to only 46 per cent of those aged 85 or over.

  • Different religious groups had significantly different age profiles, with Christians having the highest median age (45) and Muslims the lowest (25).

  • 58 per cent (3.3 million) of people providing unpaid care were female and 47 per cent (2.7 million) were aged 45 to 64.

This release 'Detailed Characteristics for local authorities in England and Wales' follows the publication of Key Statistics on 11 December 2012 and Quick Statistics on 30 January 2013. The statistics included in this release provide the first detailed cross tabulations of two or more topics from the census, adding to the detail provided in the previous releases of statistics for individual topics.

The statistical bulletin presents findings for England and Wales only. A complementary report that provides key findings in Wales has been produced by the Welsh Government.

More detailed analyses of the estimates found in this release are available for some topics in three ‘short stories’. These present analyses of migration, religion and health. Further analyses will be published during 2013.

The Detailed Characteristics tables included in this release are all available from the Nomis website. Each table can be accessed directly using the links in the reference table file below.

Nine of the tables are provided for England and Wales and for constituent regions. Thirty three tables are provided for England and Wales and for constituent regions, counties, London boroughs, districts and unitary authorities. In one of these district level tables a small number of districts have been merged to ensure the confidentiality of individual's personal information.

In addition to the tables and commentary included, interactive data visualisations are also available to help interpretation of the results.

During 2013 ONS will release additional cross tabulations of two or more census topics, and further statistics for lower levels of geography such as wards and super output areas. These will continue to provide an even richer and more valuable data source for the many users of the census.

Further information about the census estimates, including details about the methodology used and information about how other population sub-groups are counted and defined, is available in the in the 2011 Census user guide.

Further information on the fitness for purpose of the statistics in this release can be found in the Quality and Methodology Information paper (157.6 Kb Pdf) .

These National Statistics are produced to high professional standards and released according to the arrangements approved by the UK Statistics Authority.

Content from the Office for National Statistics.
© Crown Copyright applies unless otherwise stated.