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Region and Country Profiles Key Statistics Analysis - Notes on Sources, 2013

Released: 17 October 2013 Download PDF


This document provides notes on the sources used for the analysis in Region and Country Profiles - Key Statistics and Profiles, October 2013. Links to data used and further information are included. All data were published by the Office for National Statistics (ONS) unless stated otherwise, and were correct at the time this analysis was produced.


Population estimates are for 30 June each year. The mid-2012 population estimates are those published on 8 August 2013.

The 2011 rural-urban classification provides estimates of populations that live in types of rural and urban areas in England and Wales. The classification is a revised version of that produced after the 2001 Census, but with additional detail in the urban domain. 2011 Census population estimates for urban and rural areas were obtained via Nomis.

Social Indicators

Life expectancy figures for the English regions reflect mortality among those living in the area in each time period, rather than mortality among those born in each area.
Life expectancy figures for Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland are for 2008 to 2010. The figures reflect mortality among those living in the area in each time period, rather than mortality among those born in each area. Final estimates for the UK and all constituent countries for 2009 to 2011 will be published in winter 2013.
Life Expectancy at Scotland level provides provisional estimates for 2009 to 2011, rolled forward from the 2011 Census.

Disability estimates are for people (aged 16 to 64) who are disabled according to the definition in the Disability Discrimination Act (DDA disabled) from the Annual Population Survey obtained via Nomis.
Workless households for areas across the UK provides information about households with no employment and the adults and children living in them.

Crime in England and Wales presents statistics from two sources.  The Crime Survey for England and Wales (CSEW) provides a measure of people’s experience of crime based on responses to a survey of households and does not cover all types of crime, for example fraud or forgery or crimes against commercial property. Recorded crime covers offences reported to and recorded by the police.

Labour Market and Skills

Labour market statistics are seasonally adjusted Labour Force Survey (LFS) headline indicators. Unemployment rates are for all people aged 16 and over. Employment and economic inactivity rates are for all people aged 16 to 64.

Median gross weekly earnings are residence-based estimates from the Annual Survey of Hours and Earnings (ASHE) for full-time employees on adult rates whose pay for the survey pay-period was not affected by absence. Please note that estimates quoted in AHSE Statistical Bulletins are usually on a workplace basis.

Qualifications data are for residents aged 16 to 64 from the Annual Population Survey obtained via Nomis. Please note that these estimates, at national or regional level in England, will not agree with National Statistics published by the Department for Business, Innovation and Skills in the Post 16 Education and Skills Statistical First Release (Table 12).


Gross value added (GVA) data are workplace based estimates of economic output, based on the incomes of individuals allocated to their place of work.

Labour productivity measures the amount of economic output produced per hour worked and is a key indicator of economic performance.

Gross disposable household income (GDHI) covers the income received by households and non profit-making institutions serving households and is net of tax payments, social security contributions and benefits.

Business Demography covers business births (creation), business deaths (closure) and the stock of active enterprises. The business creation rates are expressed as a percentage of active enterprises.

Housing, Transport and Environment

House building by private enterprise includes private landlords (persons or companies) and owner-occupiers. House building statistics are collated by the Department for Communities and Local Government.

House prices and the annual rate of change are taken from the House Price Index. The house prices are mix-adjusted which allows for differences between houses sold (for example type, number of rooms, location) in different months within a year. The annual rate of change is the percentage change between July 2012 and June 2013.

Major roads are motorways and A roads. Traffic increase data are from the Department for Transport.

Greenhouse gas data are from the Department of Energy & Climate Change. Change is measured from the Kyoto Base Year, which is 1990 or 1995 depending on the gas.
Additional information for Scottish greenhouse gas emissions, including the adjustments necessary to report performance against the Climate Change (Scotland) Act 2009, can be found on The Scottish Government website.

Carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions are measured according to the point of energy consumption. CO2 emissions data are from the Department of Energy & Climate Change.

Background notes

  1. Details of the policy governing the release of new data are available by visiting or from the Media Relations Office email:

Get all the tables for this publication in the data section of this publication .
Content from the Office for National Statistics.
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