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Release: 2011 Census, Second Address Estimates for Local Authorities in England and Wales

Released: 22 October 2012


Peter Stokes

2011 Census

Telephone: +44 (0)1329 444972

Categories: Population, Population Estimates, Population Estimates by Age and Sex, People and Places, Households, Number of Households

Frequency of release: Decennial

Language: English

Geographical coverage: England and Wales

Geographical breakdown: Local Authority and County

Survey name(s): Census

  • At the time of the 2011 Census, 1,570,228 usual residents in England and Wales (2.8 per cent of the usual resident population) reported having a second address in another local authority in England and Wales, that they used for 30 days or more each year.

  • 47,733 usual residents of England and Wales (around 0.1 per cent of the usual resident population) had a second address in either Scotland or Northern Ireland.

  • 820,814 usual residents of England and Wales (1.5 per cent of the usual resident population) had a second address outside of the United Kingdom.

  • The majority of people with a second address recorded that this was for a purpose other than work or holiday, such as the home address of students. 77 per cent (1,216,296) of second address were classified as ‘Other’.

  • 12 per cent (188,837) of people with a second addresses recorded that they were for work and 11 per cent (165,095) that they were for holiday.

  • Cornwall was the local authority where the greatest number of people recorded a second address.  22,997 people, usually resident elsewhere in England and Wales had a second address in Cornwall, used for 30 days or more each year.

  • When the number of people recording a second address within a local authority is considered relative to its usual resident population, the authorities where the highest rate of people have a second address for work are either London boroughs (including City of London, Westminster and Kensington and Chelsea), or areas with an armed forces presence.

  • Gwynedd had the highest rate of people with second addresses used for holidays, with 64 people from outside of Gwynedd having such an address for every 1,000 usual residents.

  • Over half of all usual residents with a second address in England and Wales were male. This was most evident for second addresses for work, where there were 2.6 males with a second address to every female with a second address.

This release, the '2011 Census Second address estimates for local authorities in England and Wales', provides the number of usual residents in England and Wales who reported having a second address outside of the local authority in which they were usually resident.

These estimates provide additional information to supplement those published in the ‘Population and household estimates of England and Wales- unrounded figures for the data published 16th July 2012’ and, in some instances, provide detail that help inform comparisons between the census estimates and other data sources.

The release includes two separate tables which provide, down to local authority level:

  • The number of people who spend more than 30 days a year at a second address, in a local authority where they do not usually live.

  • The number of people usually resident in each local authority, who had a second address elsewhere.

The estimates are classified by sex, broad age group and type of second address. Two further tables provide similar figures at regional level.

A further four tables provide similar information expressed as rates - these are defined as the number of people with a second address per 1,000 usual residents. These four tables are classified only by type of second address.

This release does not include:

  • Estimates of the number of second homes in a local authority, as more than one person can record the same second address. For example, these addresses could include dwellings that are second homes, but also include armed forces bases, rented rooms in properties occupied by usual residents and holiday lets.

  • Flow data, showing where usual residents from a particular local authority had a second address. This is being considered for a future release.

  • Information on people with two addresses within the same local authority. These include children of separated parents. This will be included in a later release.

  • Information from those not usually resident in England and Wales, including those from Scotland or Northern Ireland (residents of England and Wales who have second addresses outside of England and Wales are included).

  • Information about third addresses for people with more two. Information for these people is only available for the second address they recorded.

As this is the first time these data have been collected in the census, no comparison can be made with previous censuses.

Estimates of the number of people with second addresses in a local authority used, for more than 30 days in a year, for holidays, are not equivalent to an estimate of holiday homes. These estimates could include, for example, addresses that are used over the course of the year, by more than one person.

In addition to the tables and commentary, data visualizations to aid interpretation of the figures are also available.

Further results from the census will be released later in the year to add more detail to the picture of the population of England and Wales, and statistics for the whole of the UK will be compiled and published by ONS after each of the three census offices in England and Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland publishes the relevant data.

Further information about the census, including details about the methodology used and information about how other population sub-groups are counted and defined, is available in the Definitions and supporting information.

Further information on the fitness for purpose of the statistics in this release can be found in the Quality and Methodology Information (157.6 Kb Pdf) paper.

These National Statistics are produced to high professional standards and released according to the arrangements approved by the UK Statistics Authority.

Content from the Office for National Statistics.
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