Skip to content

Release: 2011 Census, Workplace Population Statistics for Workplace Zones and Middle Layer Super Output Areas (MSOAs) in England and Wales

Released: 23 May 2014


Alexa Bradley

2011 Census

Telephone: +44 (0)1329 444972

Categories: Population, Population Estimates, Population Estimates by Age and Sex, Population Change, Labour Market, People in Work, Employment

Frequency of release: Decennial

Language: English

Geographical coverage: England and Wales

Geographical breakdown: Other

Survey name(s): Census

  • The workforce in London was younger with the proportion of the workplace population aged 39 or below 54 per cent in London compared to 45 per cent in the rest of England and Wales.

  • Skill levels were higher in London with almost half (49 per cent) of the workplace population having level 4 (degree level) qualifications. By contrast, outside of London, the only local authorities with a share greater than 45 per cent were Oxford and Cambridge. The average for England and Wales excluding London was 32 per cent.

  • There were fewer part-time jobs in London with 24 per cent of the workplace population part-time compared to 30–32 per cent in the other English regions and Wales.

  • There were more recent international migrants in London. 19 per cent of the workplace population in London in 2011 had arrived in the UK in the previous ten years compared to 5 per cent of the workplace population in the rest of England and Wales.

This release provides 2011 Census estimates on the population and characteristics of the workplace population, an alternative 2011 Census output base for England and Wales. The tables refer to the workplace population on 27 March 2011.

The tables in this release provide information on some of the key characteristics of the workplace population of England and Wales such as religion, population density, country of birth and highest level of qualifications. There are 32 tables in total in this release - 21 tables are available for Workplace Zones (WZ), one table is available for Output Areas (OA) and 10 multivariate tables are available for Middle Super Output Areas (MSOA) in England and Wales.

All tables in this release are available from the Nomis website. Each table can be accessed directly using the links in the reference table (45.5 Kb Excel sheet) . The release is supported by the analysis ‘The Workplace Population of England and Wales: an alternative 2011 Census output base’ which provides commentary and analysis of the workplace population of England and Wales by age, sex and geographic area. The workplace population is a redistribution of the usually resident working population to their place of work. The workplace population of an area is defined as “all usual residents aged 16 and above who are in employment and whose workplace is in the area”. People who work mainly at or from home or do not have a fixed place of work are included in the area of their usual residence. The following population groups are excluded from the workplace population of an area:

  • Those not working the week before 27 March 2011.

  • Those living in England and Wales but working in Scotland, Northern Ireland, outside the UK or on offshore installations.

  • Those with a place of work in England and Wales but who are not usually resident in England and Wales.

  • Short-term residents.

A suite of interactive maps for Census 2011 workplace population is also available. 

The set of workplace population tables are designed to be as comparable as possible with previously published Quick Statistics tables on the usual residence population base. The majority of workplace population tables are therefore based on published Quick Statistics tables and use the same or comparable breakdown of classifications.

This release coincides with the release of Workday Population Statistics for Middle Layer Super Output Areas (MSOAs) and Output Areas in England and Wales (Part 2). Armed Forces Statistics for Local Authorities in England and Wales and Migration Statistics for Wales were also released on 23 May 2014.

Information about Workplace Zones, OAs, MSOAs and other geographic areas is available from ONS Geography.

Further information about the census estimates, including details about the methodology used and information about how other population sub-groups are counted and defined, is available in the 2011 Census user guide.

Further information on the fitness for purpose of the statistics in this release can be found in the Quality and Methodology (177.6 Kb Pdf) Information paper.

These National Statistics are produced to high professional standards and released according to the arrangements approved by the UK Statistics Authority.

Content from the Office for National Statistics.
© Crown Copyright applies unless otherwise stated.