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Regional GDHI analysis and interactive tools

Regional GDHI per head growth in 2013 highest in the West Midlands and Wales

The latest regional gross disposable household income (GDHI) estimates for 2013 show that regional GDHI per person increased in all regions of the UK between 2012 and 2013. The West Midlands and Wales had the largest increases, at 2.3% and 2.2% respectively. The North West had the smallest increase at just over 0.0%. A complete set of regional GDHI estimates can be found in the reference tables.

Even though GDHI in all the regions within the UK has increased, there is considerable variation between the local areas that comprise each region and some local areas’ GDHI has decreased since 2012.

To compare different regions of the UK we have published an interactive map. You can select your local area and see how its GDHI per head compares with its neighbours’. Searchable by postcode, the map will show a selected area ranked against the rest of the UK. To focus on a region’s performance over time, or to track the regional activity in specific components of income, use one of the interactive motion charts. There is a regional interactive chart and a local area interactive chart which show regional performance over time. These motion charts allow the user to select regions and see their progress either as a “bubble” chart, ranked bar chart or line chart. There’s even a short video showing how to use the charts.

How did GDHI per person vary across the UK?

London always tends to have the highest GDHI per head and in 2013 the average person in the 4 highest local areas in London had more than double the disposable income of the average UK resident (£17,559).  These areas were Westminster, at £43,477; Kensington & Chelsea and Hammersmith & Fulham, at £42,116; Camden and City of London, at £37,324; and Wandsworth, at £35,734.

The highest growth in GDHI per head in the capital in 2013 was seen in Kensington & Chelsea and Hammersmith & Fulham, at 3.7%, followed by Westminster, at 3.2%. By contrast, all of the local areas in the East and North East of Outer London decreased by between 2.6% and 3.8%.

The North West of England showed only a very small increase in GDHI per head in 2013, to £15,412 compared to £15,407 in 2012.  Overall, Greater Manchester decreased by 1.6%, with Manchester itself falling by 3.4% and 3 of the 4 other local areas of Greater Manchester also decreasing in 2013. Merseyside did better, growing by 2.0% in 2013, with Liverpool increasing by 3.3%.

As noted already, the West Midlands region grew more strongly than any other region of the UK in 2013. Birmingham increased by 3.5% and there was strong growth across Shropshire and Staffordshire, Herefordshire, Worcestershire and Warwickshire. Only Solihull, Sandwell and Walsall showed decreases in GDHI per head in 2013.

In Yorkshire and The Humber, there was an overall increase in GDHI per head of 1.4% in 2013.  Bradford showed the strongest growth, at 4.2%, with Kingston upon Hull also growing strongly (up 3.8%) and Sheffield increasing by 1.5%.  By contrast York and Leeds both decreased, by 3.3% and 0.1% respectively.

GDHI per person in the South West of England grew by 1.0% in 2013, with Swindon increasing by 2.1% and Bristol growing by 1.2%. Plymouth was the only local area to see a fall, of 1.1%.

Overall, the East Midlands region grew by 0.5% in 2013, but this region contains the 2 local areas with the lowest disposable income per person. Nottingham fell by 0.9% to £11,757 and Leicester decreased by 1.3% to £11,739.

In Northern Ireland, Wales and Scotland, most of the major cities showed strong growth in GDHI per person in 2013. Belfast grew by 3.2%, Cardiff and the Vale of Glamorgan grew by 3.3% and Glasgow grew by 3.4%. Edinburgh also increased from 2012, by 1.0%.

The local area with the strongest growth in GDHI per person in 2013 was Scottish Borders, increasing by 5.2%. Other notable areas were West Cumbria and Eilean Siar (Western Isles), both growing by 5.1%.

What is regional GDHI?

The latest estimates of gross disposable household income (GDHI) show the amount of money that all of the individuals in the household sector have available for spending or saving after income distribution measures (for example, taxes, social contributions and benefits) have taken effect. The household sector comprises all individuals in an economy, including people living in traditional households as well as those living in institutions such as retirement homes and prisons. The sector also includes sole trader enterprises (the self-employed) and non-profit institutions serving households (NPISH). Examples of the latter include charities and most universities.

It should be noted that these estimates relate to totals for all individuals within the household sector for a region rather than to an average household or family unit. GDHI per head estimates give values for each person in an area, not each household.

Regional GDHI estimates are compiled using the Nomenclature of Units for Territorial Statistics (NUTS), a framework established by Eurostat to provide a uniform regional breakdown of a country. Our regional GDHI estimates are compiled at NUTS3 level of geography. NUTS1 consists of Wales, Scotland, Northern Ireland and the 9 English regions. NUTS2, also referred to as sub-regions, consists of 40 areas which are mainly groups of counties and unitary authorities. The 173 NUTS3 areas, also known as local areas, are principally individual counties and unitary authorities.

Where can I find out more about regional GDHI statistics?

These statistics were analysed by our regional accounts team. Our analysis was based on data from the regional GDHI release. If you would like to find out more about regional GDHI, you can read the statistical bulletin and reference tables or view the interactive map, the regional motion chart  or local motion chart. You can also view the data using our Data Explorer, which allows you to customise your own view of the regional GDHI data. If you have any comments or suggestions, we would like to hear them. Please email us at: regionalaccounts@ons.gsi.gov.uk

Categories: Economy, National Accounts, Regional Accounts, Regional Gross Disposable Household Income
Content from the Office for National Statistics.
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