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East Midlands 10-year traffic increase was one of the highest in England

The 2013 ONS regional characteristics analysis for the East Midlands

The latest ONS Region and Country Profiles analysis takes a look at the regional characteristics of the nine regions within England and countries of the UK, exploring aspects such as population, age, employment, crime and house prices. The profile of the East Midlands shows it to have a relatively small urban population that is comparatively old, with a median age of 41.0 years. The East Midlands contributes 6% to the UK’s economic output, and traffic on major roads in the region has increased by nearly 5% over the past 10 years.

Proportion of the urban population of the East Midlands is lower than the UK

The East Midlands is a varied region including the Peak District National Park in the north west and the Lincolnshire Wolds in the north east with large built-up areas mainly in the central western part of the region. The percentage of the East Midlands population living in urban areas is lower than that for England (73.3% and 82.4% respectively) in 2011.

The region covers 15,600 square kilometres (sq km), which represents 6% of the total area of the UK. The East Midlands had a population of 4.6 million at mid-2012, which was 7% of the UK total. The increase from mid-2011 was the same as for the UK at 0.7%. The population density in the East Midlands in mid-2012 was 293 people per sq km, below the England average of 411 but above the UK average of 263.

Regional life expectancy is close to the national average

People aged 65 and over in the region made up 17.8% of the population in 2012, compared with the UK average of 17.0%. The median age of the residents living in the East Midlands was 41.0 years, compared with the UK figure of 39.7 years. Life expectancy at birth in the region in 2009 to 2011 was 78.7 years for males and 82.8 years for females, close to the England averages of 78.9 and 82.9 years respectively.

Crime rates in 2012/13 in the East Midlands show a mixed picture. There were 58 police-recorded crimes per 1,000 population compared with 64 per 1,000 population across England. An estimated 231 crimes against households were reported to the Crime Survey for England and Wales (CSEW) per 1,000 households compared with 217 per 1,000 households for England.

East Midlands generated 6% of the UK’s economic output

In 2011, over 6% of the UK’s economic output (gross value added or GVA) was generated in the East Midlands. The unemployment rate in the East Midlands was 7.9% in Q2 2013, close to the UK average (7.8%). In April 2012, median gross weekly earnings for full-time adult employees in the East Midlands were £477, lower than the UK median of £506 but substantially above the North East and Yorkshire and The Humber figures.

There was a 0.9% increase in house prices in the East Midlands in the year to June 2013, compared with 3.1% for the UK as a whole. This was higher than the more northern regions and the South West, but lower than London and the surrounding regions.

Between 2002 and 2012 the increase in traffic on major roads in the East Midlands was 4.6%, above the England average at 2.0%. The rate of carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions in the East Midlands in 2011, at 7.4 tonnes per resident, was above the UK average of 6.9 tonnes per resident.

Where can I find out more about ONS regional statistics?

These statistics were analysed by the Sub-national Reporting team at the ONS using data from a range of official statistics. If you’d like to find out more about the latest regional statistics, please see our Notes on Sources, latest tables (260.5 Kb Excel sheet) and interactive mapping and charting tool or visit our Directory of Tables page. If you have any comments or suggestions, we’d like to hear them! Please email us at

Categories: People and Places, Communities, Neighbourhoods and Communities, Agriculture and Environment, Crime and Justice, Economy, Labour Market, Housing and Households, Housing Market, Population, Travel and Transport
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