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Release: 2011 Census Analysis, What does the 2011 Census tell us about inter-ethnic relationships

Released: 03 July 2014


Angela Potter-Collins, Rachel O'Brien

Measuring National Wellbeing, rachel.o'

Telephone: +44 (0)1633 455281, +44 (0)1633 455309

Categories: People and Places, Population, Population Change, People, Identity, Ethnicity and Identity

Frequency of release: Ad-hoc

Language: English

Geographical coverage: England and Wales

Geographical breakdown: Country

Survey name(s): Census

  • Nearly 1 in 10 people (9% or 2.3 million) who were living as part of a couple were in an inter-ethnic relationship in England and Wales in 2011. This has increased from 7% in 2001.

  • People from the Mixed/Multiple ethnic groups were most likely to be in an inter-ethnic relationship (85%).

  • Outside the Mixed/Multiple ethnic groups, White Irish (71%), Other Black (62%) and Gypsy or Irish Travellers (50%) were the most likely to be in an inter-ethnic relationship.

  • White British (4%) were least likely to be in inter-ethnic relationships, followed by Bangladeshi (7%), Pakistani (9%) and Indian (12%) ethnic groups.

  • The biggest difference between the sexes was found with the Chinese group, where women were almost twice as likely (39%) to be in an inter-ethnic relationship as men (20%).

  • Of all people in inter-ethnic relationships, 4 in 10 (40%) included someone who was White British - the most common being between Other White and White British (16%).

  • People who were married (or in a civil partnership) were less likely to be in an inter-ethnic relationship than people who were co-habiting (8% compared with 12%).

  • Some 7% of dependent children lived in a household with an inter-ethnic relationship.

  • Pakistani (3%), Indian (3%) and Bangladeshi (2%) dependent children were least likely to live in a household with an inter-ethnic relationship.

2011 Census statistics provide a rich source of information about the number, distribution and characteristics of the population in England and Wales. 2011 Census Analysis products present specific analyses on a variety of topics, including ethnicity, families, health, labour market, language, migration, and national identity, and religion. In particular, many of the analyses focus on geographical variations, changes over time, and how the census differs to other data sources.
Content from the Office for National Statistics.
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