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Anopheles freeborni mosquito biting human

Malaria is a preventable, life-threatening disease transmitted by the bite of the female Anopheles mosquito.

There are five types of malaria that affect humans: Plasmodium falciparum (which is responsible for the vast majority of malaria deaths), Plasmodium vivax, Plasmodium ovale, Plasmodium malariae and Plasmodium knowlesi. Photo: James Gathany/CDC

Malaria is predominantly a disease affecting Africa, South and Central America, Asia, and the Middle East. The heaviest burden is in Africa, where around 90% of the approximately one million deaths from malaria worldwide occur each year. See background information on malaria for more information about this infection.

The Advisory Committee on Malaria Prevention in UK Travellers (ACMP) produce guidelines, which are included on this site, for health professionals advising travellers from the UK.

Doctors, practice nurses, and other health professionals may obtain advice about malaria prevention for their patients by faxing their query to the PHE Malaria Reference Laboratory  Risk Assessment to fax (Word Document, 198 KB) or by contacting the National Travel Health Network and Centre.

Malaria: Information for people travelling overseas contains information about malaria for travellers and how they can protect themselves and their families when travelling to malaria risk countries (also available in Urdu, Bengali, Punjabi, and Gujurati).