Skip to main content
hpa logo
Topics A-Z:
Search the site:

Cadmium

Key Points

Fire

  • Cadmium dust/powder is flammable; solid is not flammable
  • Reacts with oxidising agents and acids
  • Slowly oxidised in air to form cadmium oxide
  • In the event of a fire involving cadmium, use fine water spray and liquid-tight protective clothing with breathing apparatus

Health

  • Toxic by inhalation and ingestion
  • Harmful
  • Short-term inhalation may cause irritation of the airways, shortness of breath or headache. Symptoms may be delayed for 4-8 hours
  • Following short-term oral exposure no symptoms maybe seen for up to 1 hour. After this time, stomach upsets, swelling of the face, neck and throat, difficulty in breathing and in rare cases, death may occur
  • Long-term ingestion leads to kidney failure
  • Long-term inhalation causes kidney failure and decreases lung function
  • Cadmium can cause cancer in humans

Environment

  • Dangerous for the environment
  • Inform Environment Agency of substantial incidents

 

All sections are available to download in PDF format.

 


 

Do you use the Compendium of Chemical Hazards?

 

Please help us to improve the Compendium of Chemical Hazards by completing our short survey.

Take the survey

Compendium of Chemical Hazards