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Crown copyright

All material on the Office for National Statistics (ONS) website is subject to Crown Copyright protection unless otherwise indicated.

Reproducing ONS material

Under the terms of the Open Government Licence (OGL) and UK Government Licensing Framework, anyone wishing to use or re-use ONS material, whether commercially or privately, may do so freely without a specific application for a licence, subject to the conditions of the OGL and the Framework.

These new arrangements replace the previous Click-Use and Value Added Licences.

For further information, go to the links opposite, phone the National Archives 020 8876 3444 or email

Users reproducing ONS content without adaptation should include a source accreditation to ONS: Source: Office for National Statistics licensed under the Open Government Licence v.1.0.

Users reproducing ONS content which is adapted should include a source accreditation to ONS: Adapted from data from the Office for National Statistics licensed under the Open Government Licence v.1.0.

Please note that the ONS logo must not be reproduced unless permission is sought. If you would like permission to reproduce the logo, please contact us

Copyright of a third party

The permission to reproduce Crown protected material does not extend to any material on this site which is identified as being authored by a third party.

Authorisation to reproduce such material must be obtained from the copyright holders concerned. 


Census products incorporate safeguards against possible identification of any particular person or household.

The purchaser shall not use products to attempt to obtain or derive information relating specifically to an identified person or household, nor claim to have obtained or derived such information.


The statement below should be used when reproducing maps from ONS material:

© Crown copyright and database rights [year of supply] Ordnance Survey 100019153

More information about copyright arrangements covering maps

Hyperlinks to the ONS website

No permission is necessary to hyperlink to pages on the ONS website.

Content from the Office for National Statistics.
© Crown Copyright applies unless otherwise stated.