Ensuring that the right support is in place for all children, regardless of class or social background is important in closing the attainment gap. For those who can afford it, individual tuition has always been the preferred method of additional support for pupils not achieving their potential.

While the current catch-up arrangements are effective for many, the DCSF know that they are not working for all pupils. Some need a level of support which is beyond their control to deliver in the context of whole class or small groups. Without an individualised approach it will be very hard for this group to make the progress needed to achieve their full potential.

Even in the personalised classroom, the Department know that some pupils would benefit, at key moments, from an intensive burst of individual tuition, which the class teacher can guide and reinforce, but simply does not have the time to deliver.