Statistics based on survey responses to YCS and LSYPE have been published as ‘Youth Cohort Study & Longitudinal Study of Young People in England: The Activities and Experiences of 16 year olds: England 2007’ and brings together data about the family environment, attitudes to school, risky behaviours, engagement, attainment and post-16 participation.
This is the first publication of official statistics from LSYPE and covers the period 2004 to 2007. It also updates for 2007 a regular Statistical First Release (SFR) on the attainment and activities of 16-year-olds, which has, since 1985, been based on the YCS.
The key points from the latest release are:
Family, Aspirations and Intentions
The aspirations of young people and their parents are closely related. Substantially more young people want to stay on in full time education than eventually do so (84 per cent versus 72) and the gap is largest for those from lower socio-economic groups. Relationships with parents and family activities, exemplified by eating dinner together, show a significant association with GCSE attainment and one that does not reflect only socio-economic differences. Significant proportions of parents are not fully aware of the Special Educational Needs (SEN) status of their child.
Attitudes to school, risky behaviours and activities
There are strong relationships between attitudes to school and subsequent truanting, between truanting and risky behaviours, and between risky behaviours and poor outcomes. Exceptionally among the risky behaviours, drinking alcohol was not strongly related to poor outcomes. LSYPE was designed before the current focus and definition for young people engaging in positive activities. Nevertheless, participation in structured and other activities was 83 percent; however there is a gap in participation by social class, compounded by gender, and females from Bangladeshi and Pakistani ethnic groups participating least.
There is a strong relationship between being bullied and poor outcomes at age 16. There are few obvious risk factors for being bullied and fewer young people from ethnic minorities are bullied than their White counterparts. The two largest risk factors for being bullied are SEN and disability.
GCSE attainment and activity at age 16
These analyses exemplify the multi-faceted nature of the influences on attainment and outcomes. They show that personal characteristics, socio-economic background, attitudes and behaviours all have strong relationships with attainment and participation outcomes. Truancy and poor GCSE attainment are high risk factors for not being in education, employment or training (NEET) at age 16. So too is disability, and much more so for males.
The figures in table 6.1.2 were updated on 19 June 2012.
Telephone: 0114 274 2487