This report is one of four separate studies which cover the Neighbourhood Nursery Initiative (NNI) – its implementation, its quality, its impact on children and parents, and the neighbourhood context, together with a fifth report which brings all the findings together.

NNI, launched in 2000, was intended to focus on tackling child poverty by improving parents’ opportunities to enter the labour market, reducing unemployment in the most disadvantaged areas of England and offering high quality early education and childcare in quality buildings and environments. The key to tackling child poverty was seen to be employment, enabling the poorest and most disadvantaged families to improve their own opportunities and income.

This report on the findings from the Implementation Study, Implementation Study Final Report, supported by the report on neighbourhood context examines how successful NNI has been in establishing nurseries or increasing childcare places in the most disadvantaged areas of the country, and how sustainable these new provision are likely to prove.


  • The Neighbourhood Nursery Initiative: an overview of neighbourhood nurseries
  • One hundred and two nurseries: creating childcare in disadvantaged areas
  • Neighbourhood nursery users: take-up, demand and eligibility
  • Fees and sustainability: the future of neighbourhood nurseries
  • Illustrating NNI implementation on the ground: ten examples
  • How successful is NNI implementation?
  • Appendices