Pupils with special educational needs (SEN) have learning difficulties or disabilities that make it harder for them to learn than most pupils of the same age. One in every five pupils has a special educational need; about 1.7 million. This is a large and very important group of young learners.

The Government is determined to improve the outcomes achieved by children and young people with SEN. The information in this publication will help teachers, parents, school governing bodies, local authorities and those they work with to assess the quality and efficiency of the provision they make with a view to improving those outcomes.

The publication draws together data from a number of key public data sets and is part of a drive to improve transparency, especially for parents. The forthcoming Green Paper on SEN and disability will consider how information for parents of children and young people with SEN and disabilities can be further improved.


  • Prevalence of pupils with special educational needs
  • How do the achievements compare between pupils with and without special educational needs?
  • Local Authority Indicators: How do Local Authorities compare in providing for their children with special educational needs?
  • How does progression vary between Key Stages for pupils with special educational needs?
  • How does attainment at age 19 vary according to the level of provision and type of special educational need?
  • Absence and exclusion from school
  • Annexes