UNAMID Peacekeepers in West Darfur
“While civilians remain threatened by armed clashes including aerial bombardment into tribal violence and banditry, UNAMID must continue to prioritise the Protection of Civilians…The Government of Sudan should accelerate the DDPD implementation in order to deliver a peace dividend for Darfuri people.”
UK Permanent Representative to the UN, Sir Mark Lyall Grant, 31 July 2012
At the UN, the UK is working towards peace and prosperity for all people in Sudan and South Sudan, by supporting:
As part of our commitment to realising more effective UN peacekeeping, the UK is also working through the UN to deliver:
On 31 July 2012, the Security Council adopted resolution 2063, renewing the mandate of the UN-AU peacekeeping mission in Darfur (UNAMID) by 12 months. Over the next 12 months, UNAMID will be reconfigured to focus on those areas in Darfur with the highest security threats, so that the mission can deliver its mandate to protect civilians more effectively. The Council expects UNAMID to deter threats to the implementation of its mandate, particularly regarding this core task of protecting civilians. The Council also calls on the Government of Sudan (GoS) to remove all restrictions on UNAMID, so that the mission can better serve the people of Darfur.
Over the coming months, the Council expects the Government of Sudan to accelerate implementation of the Doha Document for Peace in Darfur (DDPD) in order to deliver real improvements in the lives of the Dafuri people, particularly with regard to reconstruction and return. The Council also expects those armed groups who have not signed the DDPD to engage immediately and without preconditions in the peace process in order to find a comprehensive peace settlement. As set out in resolution 2063, UNAMID will support the peace process by working with other UN agencies to support the implementation of the DDPD and by supporting and monitoring a process of internal dialogue in which the Darfuri people can express their views about their future freely and without fear.
On 2 May, the Security Council adopted resolution 2046, which extends the Council’s full support to the 24 April African Union Roadmap for ending the conflict between Sudan and South Sudan. On the adoption of the resolution, UK Deputy Permanent Representative to the UN, Philip Parham said, ‘With the adoption of resolution 2046, this Council has demonstrated its determination that this conflict must end…it has created binding obligations on both Sudan and South Sudan to ceasefire, and to follow the path laid down by the African Union towards the restoration of a comprehensive, just and lasting peace between their two countries.
Read Ambassador Parham’s statement in full.
Resolution 2046 imposes binding obligations on Sudan and South Sudan to end all hostilities; to withdraw their forces to their respective sides of the border and from Abyei; to establish the Joint Border Verification and Monitoring Mechanism (JBVMM); and to cease support for rebel groups. It also requires them to resume negotiations on oil, the status of nationals resident in the other country, the border and the final status of Abyei.
Resolution 2046 also imposes binding obligations on Sudan and the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement North (SPLM N) to resolve through negotiation the conflict in Blue Nile and Southern Kordofan. The resolution provides for the Council to review, at 15 day intervals and on the basis of advice from the Secretary General, compliance by Sudan, South Sudan and the SPLM N with these obligations, and to take additional measures should one or more of them fail to comply.
On 12 April, the Security Council issued a Presidential statement calling on South Sudan to withdraw from Heglig and its oil fields in Sudan. In its statement, the Council again called on both Sudan and South Sudan to end cross-border violence and reach resolve through negotiations all outstanding issues between them.
On 6 March 2012, the Security Council issued a Presidential statement identifying the situation between Sudan and South Sudan as a threat to international peace and security, calling on both sides to end cross-border violence and to resume negotiations on all outstanding issues between them, including oil, the border and the status of the Abyei Area. In its statement, the Council also called for a ceasefire in Blue Nile and Southern Kordofan States of Sudan, a peace process to resolve the conflict there and access to deliver aid to affected civilians.
On 14 February 2012, the Security Council issued a press statement on the humanitarian situation in the Blue Nile and Southern Kordofan states of Sudan where conflict has been ongoing since June 2011. In their statement, the members of the Security Council expressed their deep and growing alarm with the rising levels of malnutrition and food insecurity there and called on the Government of Sudan to allow immediate access for the UN.
On 29 July 2011, the UN Security Council adopted resolution 2003 extending the mandate of the UN-AU Mission in Darfur (UNAMID). This resolution underlines that Protection of Civilians (PoC) and security for humanitarian access should remain the priorities of UNAMID and encourages the mission in their more proactive approach, including through increased patrolling in areas at high risk of conflict and securing IDP camps. The resolution welcomes the adoption of the Doha Document for Peace in Darfur (DDPD) as the basis for a comprehensive peace agreement. It also underlines the Security Council’s concerns about human rights abuses in Darfur and underlines the importance of UNAMID acting to promote human rights and reporting gross violations to the Council.
On the adoption of resolution 2003, the UK gave an explanation of vote highlighting the importance of the work that UNAMID does on the protection of civilians.
On the 14th July 2011, the Republic of South Sudan was admitted as the 193rd member of the United Nations by acclamation.
On 13 July 2011, the UN Security Council adopted resolution 1999 recommending to the General Assembly that South Sudan be granted membership of the UN. Addressing the Security Council, UK Africa Minister, Henry Bellingham called on the Governments of Sudan and South Sudan to recognise that whilst the challenges facing them, including in Abyei and Southern Kordofan, were immense, the opportunities for co-operation to transform the lives of all Sudanese were equally great. Mr Bellingham reiterated the Security Council’s commitment to ‘support both Sudan and South Sudan in achieving stability and prosperity as two peaceful, economically-successful states living side by side in friendship’, and looked forward to South Sudan assuming its place within the UN, there to work with Sudan in promoting UN values, including peace, tolerance, rule of law, transparency and accountability. Read Mr Bellingham’s statement in full.
On 11 July 2011, the Security Council adopted resolution 1997 (2011) which provides strengthened legal cover for the UN Mission in Sudan (UNMIS) during its withdrawal from Southern Kordofan and the Blue Nile States. The UK joined all Security Council members in supporting resolution 1997, but also gave an explanation of vote registering our concern over UNMIS’ forced withdrawal.
On 9 July 2011, South Sudan declared its independence. As UK Prime Minister David Cameron said, the UK was among the first to recognise the new state of South Sudan, and to welcome South Sudan into the community of nations. Read the Prime Ministers’ statement in full. Attending the independence day celebrations in the South Sudanese capital Juba, UK Foreign Secretary William Hague conveyed the congratulations of the UK Government to South Sudanese President Salva Kiir and underlined the UK’s commitment to support both South Sudan and its neighbour Sudan in working for peace and prosperity within and between their two states. Read the Foreign Secretary's speech at the ceremony and find out more about South Sudan: The Birth of a nation.
On 8 July 2011, the Security Council adopted resolution 1996 (2011) establishing the new UN peacekeeping mission in South Sudan (UNMISS). UNMISS will support the Government of South Sudan in delivering security for its people through assisting conflict mitigation at national and local levels, and by working with the UN agencies, funds and programmes to support reform and strengthening of the armed forces and the police. Where the Government of South Sudan is unable to provide security, UNMISS has a mandate to protect civilians threatened with physical violence. UNMISS will consist of 7,000 military personnel, 900 police and a civilian staff deployed at national, state and county level to support peace consolidation.
On 27 June 2011, the UN Security Council mandated the UN Interim Security Force for Abyei (UNISFA), which will facilitate implementation of the Abyei Interim Agreement. Parties must fulfil their commitments under the Agreement, including the complete withdrawal of SAF (Sudan Armed Forces), SPLA (Sudan People's Liberation Army) and allied forces, as soon as possible. Read Ambassador Philip Parham's 27 June 2011 remarks at the Security Council stakeout following the UNISFA mandate adoption.
On 20 June 2011, the Security Council was briefed by President Mbeki, Chair of the AU High-Level Implementation Panel, and SRSG Menkerios, on the signature of the Abyei Interim Agreement, which paves the way for the withdrawal of all forces from the Abyei area and the establishment of a UN peacekeeping mission (UNISFA) to protect civilians. This is a necessary, but not sufficient step, on the road to peace for Sudan and South Sudan. The Sudanese parties must now engage without delay in negotiations on the final status of Abyei. Read Ambassador Lyall Grant’s 20 June 2011 statement to the Security Council.